Japanese gardens

Japanese gardens

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Japanese gardens

In the past all the gardens of noble origin, as well as those of the Emperors, were designed as much for aesthetic pleasure as for recreation; the Buddhist temples also surrounded themselves with Japanese-style gardens, remarkably suited for meditation and contemplation.
Since ancient times the garden has represented the fundamental pivot of the entire house, playing two roles at the same time: the first is the status symbol that it takes (it is enough to think of the immense gardens of noble houses or large temples); secondly it plays symbolic roles with decorative and evocative functions at the same time, thus allowing the human being to come into contact with nature, thus experiencing a profound sense of harmony and inner peace, thanks to the preparation, as well as contemplation of the Japanese garden.

In summary, here are the main cornerstones of a Japanese garden:- water, both still and moving;- green plants (hostas, ferns or others);- moss;- bamboo;- azalea and rhododendron- rocks, possibly large;- pergode (special lanterns of Japanese culture);- jumper;- a small statue of Buddha.Ferns prefer shaded spaces, just like hostas, available in different sizes (even in pots) and with green-white or all-green leaves.Bamboo is an ideal type of plant to give movement and life to the garden, although care must be taken, as some species also have rather invasive roots.The best solution would therefore be to plant the bamboo with the bottomless pot, so that the roots can grow and develop at a level that is not too high.Inevitable is also the Japanese maple which, with its dark red shades gives the garden a certain tone. Particular is also the jungle tree, much more known as the Japanese "walnut tree".The floor is also important: generally a grass lawn is not used, but a "lawn" made of moss that is constantly and carefully watered; if it rains it is also possible to hear the "song" of the moss.Another particularity of the floor is the course of the surface itself: the latter in fact is never perfectly straight but slightly wavy with tiny, light and graceful small hills.Two simple rules help to achieve and maintain the Japanese garden in perfect condition: 1. Do not plant violets or other kinds of seasonal plants;2. Do not plant any type of bulbs.Materials for a Japanese garden

The choice of materials for a Japanese garden is by no means negligible! It is therefore necessary to pay particular attention both to the furnishing elements (such as planks, lanterns, fences and bridges) and to the plants. Choosing top quality materials ensures not only less maintenance, but also greater durability over time. The choice is available among many functional solutions without neglecting the aesthetics, from the immutable and static Zen stone garden, to the green oasis full of life.
The zen garden in particular gives sensations of calm, tranquility and serenity, turning into a small corner where you can enjoy moments of rest, away from the daily routines and the frenetic rhythms of modern cities.
The Zen garden (karesansui in the East), represents the perfect fusion between the Zen philosophy and the aesthetics of the Japanese garden.
The stone does not represent only, as in the ancient traditions, mountains and plants, but it is also symbol of those that are all the elements of the natural world.
In Japanese culture it becomes the material that opposes empty spaces, it becomes an icon of the existence of things as we perceive them.
The arrangement of the stones recalls above all the sense of solitude and the incapacity of man to establish a harmonious relationship with the natural environment, but also has the purpose of transmitting a decisive and clear message: to conceive living beings and objects just like single entities, totally independent. Conversely, it is possible to achieve harmony and peace by searching for empty spaces and identifying the relationships that exist between material objects.
Finally, here are the simple principles to follow to create a Zen garden:
- Disparity: in order to avoid the symmetry of the elements present in the garden generally tending to the shape of the triangle.
- Asymmetry: according to an ancient conception, all that is symmetrical is the fruit of artificial work, that is created by man; this is why it is preferred to have pleasant and sinuous lines.
- Nature: we always try to bring back into a small space, the sensations aroused by the wide and natural horizons.
- Contrast: it is fundamental in the Japanese garden, it is obtained by combining low shrubs near tall trees or water near rocks for example.


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