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The safflower

Cartama is extracted from the safflower, a kind of food coloring similar to saffron. It grows annually, has well-rooted and very, deep roots and has flowers that are born to "head". Its height can reach up to one meter and 40 centimeters and every branching, it can also have 100 floral elements surrounded by thorny bracts. The flowers can be yellow, white but can also reach reddish colors. The plant has quite important medicinal and herbal virtues, seeds are used. Even in the kitchen anyway, the safflower is very appreciated. In fact, it is used as a substitute for saffron although it costs much less than the latter and is more delicate in flavor. It makes the milk more dense thanks to the positive action of a special enzyme and this is why it is used for the preparation of puddings and creams in particular.

Researchers have long been studying safflower oil and its countless virtues. It seems that 2 or 3 teaspoons of oil a day reduces not only cholesterol but also abdominal fat and muscle tissue and if this finding is confirmed, it would be truly amazing. Very useful for those suffering from cardiovascular diseases and subject to diabetes, oil is a safe method to reduce risks and is also excellent for reducing blood sugar and insulin sensitivity. The medical researchers are convinced that in the kitchen, this oil should be used at least to flavor crudités such as salads and tomatoes, given that in addition to bringing benefits to many diseases, they also manage to fight obesity by dissolving fats. During their studies, the researchers tested the oil on a fair number of people and it seems that this works very well, something that can also be verified through some blood samples taken every four weeks during the study.How the safflower is cultivated

The safflower is not a plant that is cultivated for its aesthetics but only because it has the properties listed above so this cultivation is carried out by enthusiasts. Any soil is fine for this plant including clayey as long as it has no water stagnation. During cultivation it needs a considerable amount of water because its roots are deep and very developed and need to be rooted well to the ground. If there is a lot of moisture in the air, the plant does not react well and also needs constant fertilization because safflower requires a good dose of nitrogen and potassium while it does not need excessive phosphorus but only d
in the right amount. The sowing takes place in autumn but only if the climate is favorable and the crops are made in rows by burying the seeds at a distance of 20 centimeters from each other. We must be careful of weeds and tear them as they grow around the safflower and if they cannot be eliminated, we need the help of a herbicide. The plant can contract rust and alternate. Many farmers own entire safflower crops because being an herb that contains a lot of fiber and protein, it is used to feed farm animals. The harvest is carried out when the flowers are completely ripe and is made with threshing machines. For every hectare, 40 quintals of seeds are harvested. These are used to produce oil, in the pharmaceutical industry and in paint manufacturers. The cartamina is extracted from the corolla dei safflower flowers and is used in dry cleaners and make-up companies. If the plant mows even before it blooms, it gets haggard and feeds the sheep. A single insect can really hurt safflower crops and is the safflower fly that is capable of destroying all flowers.