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Evergreens from the garden

Evergreens from the garden


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Evergreens from the garden


Very suitable in every season to decorate the gardens, they allow to maintain a green and luxuriant space exactly as in spring, when most of the vegetable world adapts to the vegetative rest losing all the leaves. They are plants that are found both in areas of the world where the climates are humid and tropical as well as in the colder areas. Among these, for example, there are the known "conifers", coniferous trees that maintain their "green foliage" despite the presence of frost and snow. The only plant among the conifers that is an exception and loses its leaves is the larch.
And there are many varieties of these plants. There are broadleaf trees, for example, including olive, holm oak, cork tree, myrtle, strawberry tree and laurel, typical of Mediterranean vegetation. When we think of evergreens, we generally refer to large trees but we are wrong. THE evergreen they can be very small shrubs with woody branches and stems, or they can be bushy. They are used to delimit gardens or as isolated spots in the middle of the lawn, or even as hedges to separate one area from another. Generally i evergreen garden plants are planted in autumn or spring and it is good to buy them in pots and not with bare roots, since they are persistent leaves and it is better to be sure that the plant takes root properly.

Color in the winter garden



Persistent leaf plants constitute the backbone of a garden: they create a uniform background throughout the year and are the basic elements, to which the other essences must be combined.
The moment in which they stand out most is the winter, when the other plants are bare. It is in this period that they become indispensable, with their shapes, regular or free, with the texture of the leaves and with the colors, from the hottest to the coldest.
When designing a garden it is always a good idea to alternate deciduous plants with plants that keep the leaf all year round and, above all, attention must be paid to the choice of colors, favoring red-leafed plants, such as Nandines for sunny areas or Pieris for areas of shade, to have color in the garden even in the cold season.
Here are some ideas for your projects.

Shrubs



Among evergreen shrubs most appreciated for our gardens there is the Viburnum tinus, better known as Viburnum. It is a plant with generous but tidy foliage, with dark green leaves, which in the winter months is filled with white flowers and then deep blue berries.
The Arrowwood it must be watered often in the summer while in the cold season the water supply must be reduced considerably. But in the gardens there is also the unmistakable Aucuba, full of fiery red berries in winter that has very shiny oval-shaped leaves. Suitable for hedges, this plant is also used and cultivated as a small decorative tree, of those that are pruned giving them a ball shape.
And then there are the Pyracantha, which also produces yellow berries; a very popular aromatic plant like Eucaliptus; the Eleagnus in its variegated leaf variety; the Callistemon less suited to the harsher winter climates; the Laurus, the Nerium with beautiful flowers and the Lonicera.

Evergreens with flowers


Many do not know but some evergreen plants suitable for the garden, they also produce lush and colorful blooms. Among these, for example, Elleboro, also known as "Christmas rose". It is a plant that blooms in winter, even in January, and its flowers are extremely decorative.
Then there are the Pervinca - Vinca Minor -, an evergreen ground cover that in the summer months creates endless expanses of white, pink and deep blue flowers, and the Iperico, a bush that never loses its leaves despite its foliage is never too thick. This vegetable is also considered a ground cover plant and its beautiful yellow flowers light up the gardens in the summer months.
THE'hypericum although it gives good results in the shade, in the sun it is capable of a rich flowering. Nor should we forget Lavender. Widespread in the French region of Provence, it is known for the expanses it manages to create, with flowers in shades of purple and blue with an intense and delicious aroma.
Lavender in the gardens grows perfectly in the sun, in flower beds or as a hedge, perhaps combined with rose bushes.

The hedges



Speaking of evergreens you cannot name those plants that are usually used to create thick hedges. The hedges that are used in the gardens to separate different areas, it is better in fact that they keep the foliage all year round, even in the winter months.
Among the plants suitable for hedges there is the Privet, which can even reach three meters in height. It has bottle-green, leathery and lanceolate leaves, and in May and June it blooms producing very small but very fragrant flowers followed by black berries in the autumn months.
This plant grows well in the sun but also tolerates shade; it resists cold but also heat and this is why it is one of the most recommended to adorn the gardens and terraces of the city, since it does not even suffer from pollution.
Among the most frequent hedges in the gardens, we also see the rosemary, very strong shrub that in March also produces purple flowers and whose leaves are used, as many know, even in the kitchen.
For hedges, the Cherry laurel, plant with a dense and shiny crown, of a shaded green color. The Lauroceraso also produces a very suggestive white bloom and prefers exposure in full sun. However, it also grows well in gardens in half shade, it resists cold weather but needs fertile soil enriched with organic substances.

Evergreen trees



- All the must be reported coniferous, with the exception of the larch. In this category can be found from large trees to shrubs suitable as low ground cover.
- Very nice for its edible fruits (which remain until spring) is theArbutus unedo, the common strawberry tree.
- Very elegant is also theilex. Its glossy leaves, dark green or variegated, are one of the symbols of Christmas, along with beautiful red berries.
- Some types of oaks remain green even in the cold season. We report the holm oak (Quercus ilex) with leathery and shiny leaves.
- Very beautiful also the magnolia grandiflora and the various species of camellias. They combine the brightness and persistence of the foliage with good resistance and a beautiful flowering. We remember that they want land at least subacido.
For those living in the Center-South and on the coasts:
- It is worthwhile to consider all the citrus fruits, which also bloom in the middle of winter. The least sensitive to the cold and suitable for the North is the Kumquat.
- Theolive, characteristic of our landscape
- Le palms (some though also adapt to cold climates)

Non-flowering evergreens or with light flowering


- The boxwood available in various cultivars, with different leaf heights and colors. It grows slowly and needs little maintenance. Beautiful for topiary art
- Taxus baccata very durable and ideal for topiary art. Slow growth.
- Laurus nobilis the common laurel. Medium vigorous growth, but beautiful presence and useful for the kitchen
- Prunum Laurocerasum up to 5 meters high, fast growth, intense green foliage, leathery and oval. Photinia x Fraseri, vigorous. Oval, leathery and dark green leaves. In the Red Robin cultivar the new growth is red.
- Ligustrum sinense: evergreen in much of Italy. Rapid growth and small leaves bright green light.
- Thuja spp. A fast-growing conifer that forms very compact hedges. Available in many different sizes and colors
- Viburnum lucidum evergreen up to -5 ° C, vigorous growth and large, bright green leaves.
- Cupressocyparis Leylandii forms dense and impenetrable hedges. Average growth. Available in many different colors

Flowering shrubs



Many are also commonly used for the creation of formal hedges.






























































































































































































































Climbers


Some elements present in the gardens (such as old walls or pergolas) need to be hidden even during the winter. Here are some good opportunities:

First name

Height

Flowering period

Flowers


Exposureion

Ground

uses

Leaves and fruits
Abelia 60-120 cm July September White or pink Sun normal Beautiful for borders, as an isolated specimen or for informal hedges Access green, variegated or yellow depending on the cultivar
Berberis 40-150 cm Spring Summer Yellow, orange Sun-shade Normal, not demanding Suitable for borders, as an isolated specimen or for creating hedges. From intense green to orange-red to variegated in various shades. Decorative fruits in red or black
Ceanothus From 30 cm to 100 and more From spring to autumn, depending on the variety Light blue, pink or white Very abundant flowering and with a particular color Sun-shade Normal, not demanding Depending on the size, hedges can be inserted in the borders, in the rock garden. The larger ones become medium trees Dark green, shiny
Convolvolus cneorum About 50 cm summer Pink white Campanella Sun Rich, well-drained Excellent in the foreground in the borders or in the rock garden Lanceolate, silver gray
Cotoneaster From 20 cm to 2 m May June White, small Sun-shade Not demanding, well drained Hedges, isolated specimen, ground covering according to the variety Small, lanceolate, glossy leaves. Also variegated. Beautiful red fruits
Dafne About 100 cm Early spring White and pink Half shade Rich, fresh Isolated specimen, hedges Lanceolate, medium green or variegated
Elaeagnus Up to 250 cm September cream Sun-shade normal Isolated specimen, hedges glossy; dark green, silver or variegated in silver or gold
Red berries
Eucalyptus gunnii Up to 5 m summer White Sun rich Isolated specimen, medium hedge, trees Beautiful silver-glaucous round leaves
Gardenia jasminoides Up to 1 m May to September White, fragrant Half shade Rich, well-drained, sub-acid Hedges, isolated specimen Lanceolate, shiny, dark green
Hypericum (shrubs) Up to 1.50 m summer Yellow, red, orange Sun-shade Not demanding Isolated specimen, border, rock garden Lanceolate, more or less shiny. Usually from medium to dark green, but there are varieties sprayed with yellow and red
Lonicera nitida 30-120 cm   Sun-shade normal Hedge, isolated specimen, rock garden, ground cover Small and shiny, dark green, variegated in silver or yellow or reddish
Loropetalum Up to 150 cm End of winter White-pink Sun-shade Fresh, well-drained Isolated specimen, hedge Leaves from pink to dark red, almost black
Mahonia aquifolium About 100 cm April June Yellow, in clusters From sun to shadow Normal. fresh Isolated specimen, hedge Glossy leaves, clusters of dark blue fruits
Mahonia aquifolium About 100 cm April June Yellow, in clusters From sun to shadow Normal. fresh Isolated specimen, hedge Glossy leaves, clusters of dark blue fruits
Myrtus Up to 200 cm August to October White, large, fragrant Sun-shade Rich, well-drained Isolated specimen, aromatic garden, hedge Dark green, shiny, fragrant foliage
Nandina domestic From 60 to 150 cm summer White Sun-shade normal Hedge, isolated specimen Lanceolate, orange leaves in autumn-winter. Bunches of red fruits
Osmanthus Up to 5 m Summer White, yellow or orange, with bunches, perfumed Sun, half-shade normal Hedge, isolated specimen Shiny and very fragrant, similar to those of ilex. Even slightly reddish or variegated in silver and gold
Pittosporum Up to 150 cm May-July White or yellow, fragrant Sun-shade normal Hedge, isolated specimen Lanceolate, also variegated
Rhododendron Up to 90 cm Spring autumn From white to red to purple Half shade subacido Hedge, isolated specimen, borders, rock garden 
Pyracantha Up to 120 cm May June White, in groups Sun-shade normal Hedge, isolated specimen Glossy leaves also variegated
Beautiful numerous red or orange berries
Viburnum tinus Up to 250 cm November to April White-pink, with bunches Sun-shade rich Hedge, isolated specimen, large vase Leaves shiny, even variegated.
Dark blue fruits





















































First name

Height

Flowering

Flowers


Exposureion

Ground

uses

leaves
Ivy (various species) From 10 cm to more than 5 m   From sun to shadow Not demanding Ground cover, climbing Available in many cultivars in very varied shapes and colors
Clematis armandii Up to 250 cm April May White or pink Sun-shade subacido Climber, ground cover Lanceolate, shiny, dark green
Lonicera japonica Up to 5 m July September White, yellow, pink, orange Half shade normal climbing Ovate, light green
Trachelospermun jasminoides Up to 10 m Early summer White, rosé or yellow Sun-shade normal climbing Ovate, dark green
There are variegated cultivars in silver, gold and "tricolor"

Herbaceous



Also some herbaceous plants are able to maintain the leaf apparatus during the cold season. It is useful to insert some of these in the borders, perhaps choosing among those with warm or silver shades.
































































































































































































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First name

Height

Flowering

Flowers


Exposureion

Ground

uses

leaves
Acanthus mollis 150 cm June September Pink-purple Half shade and shadow Rich Isolated specimen or in border Very large leaves
Ajuga reptans 20 cm May June Blue, pink, white Half shade Rich and fresh ground cover Leaves green, brown, red, purple or variegated
Alyssum 10-50 cm April May Detective stories Sun Normal, well drained Ground cover, rocky Tomentose and silver
Arabis 10-30 cm April May White or purple Sun Normal, well drained Rock garden, ground cover Beautiful lanceolate leaves also variegated
Ballota pseudodictamus 60 cm summer White and red Sun Well drained Bordura, rocky Round and gray
Bergenia cordifolia or hybrid 30-40 cm April Pink, white, fuchsia, red Half shade Rich, moist Rock garden, ground cover Large, medium green, shiny
Dianthus From 10 to 100 cm Spring Summer From white to red Sun-shade Rich, calcareous, well-drained Edging or ground cover Some beautiful species with glaucous and silvery leaves
Helichrysum italicum 50 cm summer yellow Sun dry Siepine, rocky, border Silver and aromatic
Iberis sempervirens 25 cm April May White Sun Well drained Rocky, ground cover roundish
Lamium 20-30 cm Early summer White or yellow Half shade and shadow Rich and fresh ground cover Triangular, even variegated or silvery
Lavender From 20 to 150 cm Since the beginning of summer Lilac, pink, white Sun Poor, well drained Hedges, borders, isolated specimen Silver or green
Rosmarium Up to 150 cm summer Light blue, white, pink Sun Poor, well drained Hedges, isolated specimen, ground covering, hanging From medium green to silver
Salvia officinalis Up to 40 cm summer Blue or white Sun Rich and fresh Bordure, isolated specimen Medium green, also variegated in gold, silver or pink.
Santolina 40 cm summer yellow Sun light Borders, siepine, aromatic, rocky Silver aromatics
Stachys olympica 30 cm summer magenta Sun Dry, calcareous Borders, ground cover Silver leaves, also tending to yellow
Thymus From 5 to 30 cm Spring Summer White, pink, lilac Sun Calcareous Rocky, ground covering, aromatic Medium green or variegated in silver and gold
Vinca 30-40 cm April Lilac, white, pink Half shade shadow fresh Ground cover, rocky Coriacee, also variegated in white or gold
Heuchera 35 cm From spring to autumn Pink, white, yellow Half shade fresh ground cover In countless colors: medium green, acid green, pink, red, purple, silver, golden, variegated and stained