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Black currant - a tasty and healthy berry loved by all gardeners. It is eaten fresh, canned, jam, jam, jelly, marmalade, compote, juice, alcoholic drinks are made from it.
Currently, there are more than 200 varieties of currants in Russia. Sometimes it can be difficult to choose a specific variety for your garden plot, because it seems that each variety is better than everyone else.
In this case, you can plant different varieties of all ripening periods in order to extend the fruiting period and understand which one is tastier.
Depending on the ripening time of the fruit, black currant varieties are divided into three types:
Early varieties of black currant
The shape of the bush is spreading, while low, the branches practically lie on the ground. The berries ripen a little at different times, but the taste is sweet, completely without acid, and large - the mass reaches 3-3.5 grams.
The berry of this variety is one of the largest among Russian varieties - it weighs up to five grams. It tastes sweet and sour.
The berries are characterized by dry separation, which greatly facilitates their collection.
The variety is upright, winter-hardy.
The bushes are slightly spreading, dense, of medium height. The leaves are five-lobed, wrinkled, with small denticles. The berries are sweet. The variety withstands low temperatures, is resistant to diseases such as powdery mildew, kidney mites.
The plant needs to be given a lot of attention, but the high yield results are encouraging.
The variety combines the characteristics of gooseberry and wild currant. Withstands heat and adapts to any changes in the weather. The leaves are three-lobed, wrinkled, dark green in color, with rounded teeth.
The bush is vigorous, has high fruiting results - up to four to five kilograms from one bush. The berries are shiny, large, with a pleasant taste.
Red currant. Planting and care - a note to the gardener.
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Medium black currant varieties
Resistant to light frost. Not quite resistant to kidney mites, anthracnose and does not resist powdery mildew at all. The bush is weak, but the berries are large.
Dubrovskaya. The yield is about three kilograms per bush. The bush is rather compact, undersized. The berries are not very large.
The bushes do not crumble and have a good harvest, contain vitamin C per 100 g - 174 mg.
Resistant to light frost. In addition, it is drought tolerant.
One of the sweet varieties.
Small bush, slightly spreading. Curved brushes, light green. The berries are one of the largest - weighing up to eight grams. The fruit is very sweet with a thin skin. The variety is cold resistant, resistant to most diseases. High-yielding.
The bush is semi-spreading, medium-sized, drought-resistant, frost-resistant, but not particularly resistant to various diseases - anthracnose, powdery mildew, kidney mites, etc. The amount of the harvested crop is three to four kilograms per bush. The berries have a strong aroma.
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Late varieties of black currant
The bush is vigorous, with large berries, but ripening a little at different times. Well resistant to any disease, except for kidney mites. The yield is up to three to four kilograms from one bush.
The bush is not very sprawling, vigorous. The berries are large, weighing six grams, have an excellent taste, and have a thin skin.
The variety is winter-hardy, heat-resistant, high-yielding and resistant to various pests.
The bush is slightly spreading, while vigorous, winter-hardy, resistant to diseases of anthracnose, powdery mildew, but rather susceptible to kidney mites. The berries are large in size, have a dense skin.
The bush is medium spreading, vigorous, winter-hardy. Not very resistant to diseases such as septoria, anthracnose. The berries are relatively large. Up to 3.5 kilograms of harvest can be harvested from one currant bush of this variety.
The bush is semi-spreading, of medium size. The variety is suitable for those who prefer large berries. The size of the fruit reaches eight grams.
The berries are collected in bunches like grapes. One brush usually contains 7-8 berries. Their flesh is firm, with a refreshing sour taste.
The variety is highly resistant to frost, but not very protected from damage by various diseases, it requires attention and high-quality care. It is necessary to dig up and fertilize the soil, water it regularly.
The variety reproduces quite well.
Frost-resistant black currant varieties
A separate group can be divided into those varieties of currants that are most resistant to frost, which means they are more suitable for the northern regions. These varieties include:
The bushes begin to bear fruit in the second or third year after planting, and the variety is very productive. Often, the plantings of this variety are littered with low-value impurities, and this significantly reduces the amount of yield. The berries are small in size, have a sweet and sour taste, strong aroma, and are very rich in vitamin C.
The variety is well suited for making jam, jam, juice, alcoholic liqueur.
Neapolitan. The berries are medium in size. At the base of the bush there are large brushes.
The pulp tastes sweet and sour, green in color.
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The bush is low and not very dense, medium spreading. The berries are rather large (5 g), with a small amount of seeds, have a sweet-sour taste and a pleasant aroma.
A bush of medium density and height. The berries are large, their weight reaches 6 g, with a sweet dessert taste, thin skin. The disadvantages include poor resistance to some diseases - septoria, kidney mites.
Many varieties of black currant do not require much effort, it is quite profitable to grow them. You should know that berries with thick skin are more suitable for freezing for the winter, and those with thin skin are more suitable for grinding with sugar.
If it is not possible to regularly water the currant bushes, then it is better to choose a drought-resistant variety for planting.