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This amazingly beautiful flower got its name from the Greek language, and literally means "climbing plant".
Clematis is also called: "warthog", "warthog", "grandfather's curls" and "clematis".
There are about 300 types of clematis in nature. You can read about some varieties of clematis here.
It is distributed on almost all continents. Clematis blooms from late spring to late summer, and some species - before the onset of frost.
Clematis is ideal for decorating your backyard. Alas, not everyone knows how to properly feed and what exactly to fertilize this flower.
In this article you can find answers to your questions.
Diseases of clematis - prevention and control measures on our website.
Find out how clematis reproduces here.
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How to feed clematis
Clematis requires a lot of nutrients, due to the fact that it blooms for a long time, and also renews almost completely the entire aerial part of the plants every year. But it is important to remember that the concentration of mineral fertilizers should not be high - apply them in small portions.
Some experienced gardeners say: if you fertilized the soil well, then clematis should be fed only in the third year after planting.
Mineral and organic fertilizers must be alternated. Before fertilizing, clematis must be watered well.
Clematis is fed depending on the phase of plant development, but no more than 4 times per season.
In September, during preparation, add bone meal (200 g / m2) to the soil. The fact is that it contains phosphorus, which is very necessary for clematis.
Without it, the leaves will begin to turn brown, the roots and shoots will develop poorly.
You can also add up to 24 kg of humus under each clematis bush just before planting.
The plant needs nitrogen during its growth. Due to a lack of nitrogen, clematis shoots may shrink, the leaves turn yellow, acquire a reddish tint, the flowers will be small, with poor color. For this type of feeding, organic fertilizers are used: slurry (1:10), bird droppings (1:15).
Organic fertilizers should be alternated with mineral fertilizers: ammonium nitrate, nitroammophoska or urea (15 g / 10 l).
Potassium will contribute to your plant's beautiful flowering. Blackened peduncles and pedicels, lightened color of flowers indicate a lack of potassium. Use potassium nitrate in spring, potassium sulfate in August. Dilute 20 - 30 g in 10 liters.
During the flowering period, feeding is stopped. By feeding the plant during this period, you run the risk of shortening the flowering period.
Read all the features of clematis planting on our website.
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Top dressing in spring
Top dressing in the spring is done no more than twice a month.
After the shoots regrowth, the time comes for the first feeding. For clematis during this period, foliar spraying with a weak solution of synthetic urea (up to 3 g per liter of water) is best suited.
It is best to spray in the evening or cloudy weather. The moisture will last longer and the fertilizer will be better absorbed.
In spring, clematis is watered with milk of lime to prevent soil acidification. Use 200 g of lime diluted in a liter of water per 1 sq. M.
For the prevention of the disease, you can dilute 50 g of copper sulfate and pour the solution on the bush at the base.
Water clematis in the spring no more than once a week, but try to get the water to the roots of the plant (clematis roots reach 1 m in length). Experienced gardeners use humus during watering.
Fertilizers for clematis
Before planting clematis, the soil can be fertilized with the organic-mineral preparation "Omu universal", which will not only nourish the plant, but also retain moisture inside the soil.
Mix the fertilizer itself with the soil and then cover the clematis roots with it.
During the transplantation of clematis, you can use the drug "Zircon", which will help the plant get used to the new habitat. It is only necessary to use this drug strictly according to the instructions.
To prevent diseases, spray the soil under the bush with foundationol in early spring or late autumn (20 g per 10 L).
During the active development and growth of clematis, treat the soil under the bush with a fungicide. Use 3-4 liters per bush. This will protect the plant directly from the fungus. Perform the procedure 2 - 3 times every 14 days.
The following preparations can be used as foliar feeding: "Master", "Avkarin", "Flower solution". Your plant will receive the necessary nutrients within 5 hours after spraying.
So, if you systematize everything that has been said above, then you can draw the following conclusions:
- you can feed clematis no more than 4 times per season;
- if when planting a plant you used special fertilizers for the soil, then you do not need to feed clematis this year;
- there are different fertilizers for different phases of plant development. They can either be purchased in a store or made by yourself;
- as a prophylaxis for various diseases in the store you can buy special drugs
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- before feeding, try to assess the degree of soil moisture. If it is wet, it is better to make dry feeding: sprinkle the required amount of fertilizer under the bush and drip it into the soil. If the soil is dry, start by watering the plant, then apply liquid fertilizer and water again;
- you can prepare organic fertilizing yourself using weeds. To do this, fill the weeded plants with water and leave for a week. Use a solution half diluted with water;
- when watering clematis, try to keep the water only on the roots of the plant. After watering - loosen the soil;
- before fertilizing the plant, it is imperative to get rid of weeds;
- after 7 years, the water may not reach the roots of clematis, and the plant may die. To prevent this from happening, dig in 2 pots with a drilled bottom near the plant. When watering clematis, the pots will also be filled with water, which will penetrate to the roots;
- ornamental grass or low-growing flowers can be planted near the roots of the plant - this will protect the root system of clematis from overheating;
- during frequent rains, cover the bottom of the plant with wood ash. Do this after every rain to prevent root rot;
- it should be remembered that fresh manure cannot be used as fertilizer.