Steps to a Greenhouse Vegetable Growing Business: Income and Profitability

Steps to a Greenhouse Vegetable Growing Business: Income and Profitability

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Growing vegetables in a greenhouse can become very profitable business.

To succeed in it, it is important to choose the right species and varieties, find a promising market sales.

An equally important point is the construction of a greenhouse, which will provide a normal microclimate and will not be excessively expensive to maintain.

Greenhouse: what should it look like?

The greenhouse helps to increase yields and extend the growing period of plants. In a properly equipped shelter the harvest can be taken all year roundthat will significantly increase the profitability of the enterprise.

Experts divide greenhouses by shape, materials from which they are made, heating methods and other criteria. Choice of one or another option depends on climatic conditionsin which the greenhouse will operate, as well as from vegetables intended for cultivation.

The most convenient option is a greenhouse on a metal frame covered with polycarbonate. Such a structure will stand for many years without requiring repairs and additional investments. In extremely cold regions double glazing recommended... The air between the two layers of polycarbonate will help maintain the desired temperature inside the greenhouse, saving on artificial heating.

Another way to insulate a structure is to make the northern wall deaf by laying it out of cinder blocks. The wall will function as a solar battery and protection from cold winds, without interfering with normal insolation.

Required use biofuels, it will help you save a lot.

To create biofuels, pig, cow or goat manure is mixed with straw, spilled with water and placed in heaps under a film. After a few days, the rotted mass is placed in the greenhouse, under the top layer of the soil.

Such fuel valid for 3-4 monthswhile maintaining the temperature between 15 and 30 degrees Celsius.

Heating will be supplemented by pipes laid underground or along the perimeter of the greenhouse. Electric boilers or fires are used as a heater. You can maintain the desired temperature in the greenhouse using stoves, heaters or infrared cables.

Greenhouse necessarily equipped with a ventilation system and good lighting. The ideal option is fluorescent lamps with a warm spectrum, which have a beneficial effect on plant growth and development.

Greenhouse vegetables: what to choose?

In the greenhouse you can grow any kind of vegetables, from familiar to exotic. You should not bet on seasonal root crops (carrots, turnips, beets). These types of vegetables are distinguished by good keeping quality; summer cultivation in the open field allows you to easily keep the harvest until spring.

Greenhouse owners should focus on crops that have not been stored for more than a few months.

Among the most popular vegetable growers emit:

  • cucumbers;
  • tomatoes;
  • cabbage;
  • pepper.

Cucumbers - leaders of greenhouse crops. It is better to grow them from seedlings, this allows you to significantly accelerate ripening. Vegetables very sensitive to humidity, it should not fall below 80%. Frequent organic feeding is required. You can grow cucumbers in the ground or on mats using the rack method. The racks will help save space in greenhouses and significantly increase the planting area.

Tomatoes in the greenhouse can be grown using different technologies. The most beneficial is hydroponic, which involves the use of a nutrient solution. Hydroponics has a significant disadvantage - the fruits acquire a watery taste, lose their aroma. Therefore, many greenhouse owners prefer soil cultivation.

Find out on our website how to tie, pinch and mulch tomatoes in a greenhouse.

It makes the process more expensive, but the tomatoes are much tastier. Choose varieties specially designed for greenhouses, preferably Russian, Polish and Dutch tomatoes.

Cabbage Is an ideal candidate for greenhouses. A closed room will provide this crop with the right level of humidity. Indoors, several crops can be harvested per year.

For growing suitable broccoli, white cabbage, Beijing, colored, Brussels cabbage. To accelerate growth, you can pre-grow seedlings in a cassette way.

For sowing, choose early-maturing hybrid varieties that do not need pollination. To achieve a good harvest, it is important to monitor the temperature in the greenhouse. It should not exceed 20 ° C, otherwise young plants will throw out flower stalks too quickly.

Bell peppers are an excellent greenhouse plant. It is better to choose varieties specially selected for indoor cultivation, quick maturing and do not need pollination. Peppers in greenhouses grow fast, they need regular mineral and organic feeding and high humidity levels.

The main costs of the greenhouse business

Growing vegetables in a greenhouse as a business, requires large initial investments... These include:

  1. Land lease... An industrial greenhouse occupies at least 100 sq. m, there may be several such buildings on the farm.
  2. Greenhouse construction... The construction of a standard polycarbonate greenhouse on a metal frame will cost 100,000 - 120,000 rubles.
  3. Purchase of planting material... The purchase of ready-made seedlings will cost more; growing from seeds will help to save money. For planting in one greenhouse, you need to spend at least 10,000 rubles.
  4. Fertilizers and agricultural implements... For rapid growth, plants require complex mineral and organic fertilizing, they are applied to the soil several times per season. You will have to spend at least 10,00 rubles a year on fertilizers.
  5. The most expensive part is heating and lighting... To successfully grow plants, you need to maintain a temperature of 15 to 20 degrees throughout the year. The cost depends on the chosen method of heating greenhouses. The most expensive option is electricity, the cheapest option is biofuel.

Profitability and income

Specialists evaluate profitability vegetable greenhouse business in 50-75%... The difference depends on the season, in winter the profitability is much higher. In lean years, it can increase up to 200% or more. Business pays off in 2-3 yearsand.

The profitability of a greenhouse business depends on many factors. Among them:

  • the size of the greenhouse;
  • the presence of competitors in the region;
  • selected crops;
  • number of distribution channels.

To increase income, you need to focus on 2-3 popular crops. Among the leaders in terms of profitability are cucumbers and tomatoes, greens will also bring good income: green onions, different types of lettuce, parsley, dill, herbs.

Highly it is also important to establish multichannel network marketing, which may include chain stores, convenience stores, vegetable kiosks, market stalls, online sales and much more.

Useful video:

Watch the video: Protected Agriculture Greenhouse. Polytunnel in Sri Lanka - ශර ලකව ආරකෂත ගහ තල වගව (July 2022).


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