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In the Russian temperate latitudes, in Siberia and in the north, even heat-loving vegetables are grown. And that's all thanks to greenhouses... It is they who contribute not only to the ripening of the crop in a short summer, but also allow you to get it more than once, starting in early spring.
Can grow some of your favorite vegetables from the comfort of your home, however, their list is somewhat limited. Will help with this mini greenhouse, which can be quickly made from scrap materials.
In the manufacture of any greenhouse, the following conditions must be met:
- good light transmission;
- free access to plants for caring for them;
- the possibility of ventilation of the inner space of the greenhouse;
- aesthetics is an important quality, especially when it is at home, beauty always inspires.
Place for a mini greenhouse
The place in the apartment for the mini-greenhouse must be chosen taking into account the time of year, the illumination of the place, or the possibility of mounting additional lighting there. A good solution would be accommodation on a glazed loggia.
Types of mini greenhouses
Mini greenhouses vary in size, design, materials and purpose... Very small greenhouses can be used at home or on a loggia. Portable greenhouses are very convenient - with the onset of warmth they can easy to transport to the suburban area... On the site, they can be moved to the desired place, for example, to shelter the planting of a small area from bad weather, or to adapt seedlings planted in open ground.
There are greenhouses only for growing seedlings, there are those where the plant can go through the whole cycle - from seed to harvest.
But first things first.
Most mini greenhouses are of this type, regardless of their size. These are the most convenient greenhouses. Their design will meet all of the above conditions. You can make them from any available material, so that it will not require special costs. You can grow everything in frame greenhousesbecause its dimensions depend only on the creative and engineering thought of its creator.
A very good design from all points of view. Used like for indoor mini greenhouses, So for large stationary greenhouses Location on. It can grow seedlings, indoor flowers, greens. It all depends on its size.
Growbox and thermobox
Unlike classic translucent greenhouses, this box made of opaque material with internal microclimate and lighting... Grow in growbox everything is possible, even tropical plants.
Such a greenhouse can become an interesting part of the interiorif you make its front wall in the form of a glazed panel. Behind it, you can place interesting compositions from tropical indoor plants.
Thermobox, unlike a growbox, it is completely insulated sealed system without transparent walls... Such greenhouses are high-tech and can be equipped with automatic systems for lighting, irrigation and maintaining the required level of humidity and temperature.
Such home greenhouses allow you to save space, since they can be installed on top of each other. They look good on balconies and loggias and are great for growing indoor flowers. Although seedlings, herbs and vegetables grow just as well in it.
The simplest outdoor mini-greenhouse in designthat can be carried and used for different purposes. She can cover young seedlings of fruit trees or bushes, set over the bushes of ground tomatoes or peppers in bad weather.
Lightweight structures allow you to move them in the beds, in the spring from home to the country. They are convenient for growing seedlings and temporary protection of plants planted in the ground.
What do we grow in a mini-facility?
First of all, seedlings. A indoor greenhouse will save a passionate gardener who misses his beds and garden greenhouses from the winter blues. There are many vegetables that you want from the very early spring. A mini-greenhouse will allow you to grow garlic, feast on fresh herbs, by spring - cherry tomatoes, by the beginning of summer - ripe strawberries.
Mini greenhouse installed on the site can be used for experiments keen breeders and for growing flowers and stunted vegetables.
A mini-greenhouse will also be a good help for enthusiastic florists, especially those who like to experiment and grow flowers from seeds.
DIY mini greenhouse (small)
All of the above types of greenhouses can be made by hand, having the remains of building materials, coating, and accessories.
How to make a small or small (mini) greenhouse with your own hands? For the manufacture of the frame, you can use wood, plastic pipes, metal bar... Suitable for coverage any transparent material - Plain or reinforced film, polycarbonate, glass, plastic bottles. So let's look at the instructions with a photo of how to make mini (small) greenhouses for seedlings with our own hands.
Where to begin?
Before picking up the hammer and nails, think carefully about the design and the necessary equipment in the greenhouse:
- make a drawing;
- calculate the number of shelves, desired height and width;
- think over a heating system;
- decide on a supplementary lighting system (where lamps will be needed);
- select materials.
Convertible Mini Greenhouse
Such a greenhouse is perfect for growing vegetables in a summer cottage, its size depends only on your needs. It is easy to manufacture and requires minimum costs.... To create the frame, PVC pipes are used, for coating - film or polycarbonate.
- Make a wooden box of the correct size.
- Tighten the bottom with a fine reinforced mesh (rodent protection).
- Reinforce the corners of the greenhouse, they carry the bulk of the load.
- Press the pipes to the lifting frame from the outside using the screw-on clamps.
- Attach the removable frame from one end to the box using hinges.
- Attach restraints to the box and frame - belts or chains so that the top does not tip over.
It can be made for the site and for home use... Any size can be made, depending on the need and purpose. At the summer cottage, it is used for growing seedlings and low-growing crops of pepper, standard tomatoes, eggplant.
Its design allows make the best use of the covered area because of easy access to plants. The greenhouse can have one or two lifting sides... If its width is about a meter, it is reasonable to make a double opening so as not to trample on the planted bed, reaching for distant landings. Manufacturing technology is simple:
- Make the box the size you want.
- Dig a trench up to 50 cm deep, corresponding to the size of the box.
- Install a finished box in it and prepare the bottom of the greenhouse (crushed stone, fertile layer, etc.).
- Make a frame from half-arched pipes using an industrial hair dryer.
- Sheathe the frame with polycarbonate - this is the best material for this design. Fix it to the frame with self-tapping screws.
- Seal the remaining gaps between the casing and the frame with a self-adhesive sealant.
- The ends are tightened with foil and covered with an aluminum profile.
- The tightened frame is hinged to the top of the box.
The greenhouse is ready and can be filled.
Used for her any materialfrom which you can make shelves. Once you've built a bookcase of the right size and height, pull the transparent zippered cover over it. It could be a greenhouse film. By unfastening the cover, you will have free access to the plants and at the same time ventilate the mini-greenhouse.
Quite simple and cheap it can be made as a disposable greenhouse. It requires 1 tall wooden block or metal tube, rods and a plastic bag of the right size.
A bar is installed in the center, around it, within a radius of 0.5 m (perhaps you will need an area of a different size), rods are stuck into the ground and are connected and fixed with the upper ends to the central bar. A bag is put on top of the structure, the bottom of which is cut off, that is, it looks like a polyethylene pipe. Its lower edges are fixed to the ground with something heavy, and the upper part is hermetically fixed to the top point of the central bar.
Design easily navigates the sitebut not very convenient when you need to water or feed the plant.
Once having spent a small amount of time and money, you will be able to use the mini-greenhouse for more than one year... And early vegetables and good harvests will pay off your costs anyway.
You can watch how to install a homemade mini-greenhouse in the video.