All about the rules for caring for a greenhouse in winter

All about the rules for caring for a greenhouse in winter

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We all know that a greenhouse on a garden plot is indispensable for growing a variety of heat-loving crops.

This means that proper care for it, and not only in the spring, when we are preparing for planting in the new season, but also in winter, and in general all year round, is a very important moment.

In this article, we will talk in detail about how to care for a greenhouse in winter, how to prepare it in spring for the new season, and what needs to be done with the soil inside it.

Preparing the greenhouse in spring for the new season

Immediately after the onset of the first warm days in the greenhouse, active work begins to grow vegetables in it. It's worth starting with a thorough wash. and wall treatment from inside and outside. This is done with warm water with the addition of detergent. Do not use chemical agents for washing. If some contamination is not removed immediately, wet it and wash it off after a while. The dirt particles will then be washed off.

IMPORTANT! Do not use hard brushes and sponges to clean the walls, as they can damage the protective layer of the polycarbonate.

After washing the wall treated with a disinfectant lime solution (500 g per 10 l). Disinfection is necessary not only for the walls, but also for the soil.

Her spilled with a solution of copper sulfate... You can also use garden lime, spreading 50 g per square meter. Alternatively, the beds can be spilled with boiling water, then ventilate the greenhouse and dry the soil.

As experienced gardeners advise, it is better to remove a layer of soil about 7 centimeters - a large number of fungi and pests accumulate in it, so this way you can get rid of many problems.

If it is not possible to replace the soil, it is recommended to treat it with disinfecting biological products, which have been widely commercially available recently. In addition to disinfection, such preparations also help to increase soil fertility. They fix nitrogen in it, deactivate heavy metals, promote the decomposition of pesticides remaining in the soil... After processing with biological products, airing of the greenhouse is not required and you can immediately start working in it.

Spring maintenance of the greenhouse also includes an inspection of the supporting structures. Wooden frame check for rotting of individual elements, metal - for the presence of areas with corrosion. All unusable items must be removed or fixed.

ATTENTION! The details of the metal frame, on which traces of rust have appeared, paint over the rust with paint.

To increase the fertility of the soil in the spring in it it is recommended to add compost and leaf mixture... Loosening is assisted by the introduction of peat and sand. After the introduction of these elements, the soil is dug up.

Soil care

Growing various crops inside the greenhouse leads to its complete depletion during the summer season. Therefore, before starting to grow the next batch of plants, the soil should be ennobled with minerals and microorganisms.

Does this task well application of humus and complex mineral fertilizers to the soil... Humus contains a lot of minerals necessary for the development of plants. Along with it, nutrient microorganisms enter the soil. It also makes the soil loose, breathable and permeable.

But do not add too much humus - the roots of the plant will begin to dry out, or the growth of leaf mass will begin to the detriment of fruiting.

Useful for plants and sod land containing a large number of rotted roots of grasses and trees. Such a composition helps to increase moisture absorption and saturation with nutrients.

For the preparation of turf, the top layer is first removed, then stacked in stacks, and sprinkled with lime. Laying height 1.5 meters. Humus is poured between the sod layers. In the process of maturation, the sod is watered with slurry and periodically shifted.

TIP! Sod soil should be harvested in fields and meadows. You should not take the one that is located next to the swampy areas, since the soil on them is too acidic.

Do I need to throw snow into the greenhouse in winter?

Why throw snow into the greenhouse? An important measure to preserve the nutritional value of the soil is to preserve it from deep freezing during winter frosts. The open ground is protected from freezing by a snow cover, but snow does not get into the greenhouse in winter. This means that it must be placed there mechanically. We need snow in the greenhouse! When thawing, it will moisten the soil and prepare it for planting.

Before throwing snow into the greenhouse, it is advisable to carry out its autumn disinfection treatment so that diseases and pests do not survive under the snow cushion.

ATTENTION! Do not put drifts inside the greenhouse, a small layer covering the surface is enough. If there is too much snow in the greenhouse, the planting of plants will be delayed until the soil dries out.

However, the attitude towards stuffing snow into the greenhouse is not unambiguous. Some experienced gardeners believe that this is not necessary, since the snow delays the time for warming up the soil in the greenhouse.

In this video, you will see how and how much snow experienced summer residents fall asleep in the greenhouse in winter:

It is not advisable to throw snow into the room if groundwater is close to your site. In this case, an impassable swamp forms in the greenhouse, and you will not be able to plant plants in it for a long time.

Warming up the soil

The final preparatory stage of spring preparation is warming up the soil.

Seedlings should not be placed in unheated soil, they will start to hurt and take root badly, which will certainly affect the harvest. It is good if warm beds are arranged in the greenhouse.

Promotes rapid warming up digging up the soilso that it gets heat from the air as quickly as possible.

You can also land spill with warm water... Also effective covering the soil with a black film... It is under these conditions that the temperature in the soil rises, and it will quickly be ready for planting.

If possible, you can put heaters in the greenhouse for several days. It can be both infrared heaters and any other heating systems. Read about what a heated greenhouse is in this article.

Winter care

The beginning of preparing the greenhouse for winter is its autumn cleaning. All plant residues from the greenhouse must be removed and burned... You can immediately, without waiting for spring, remove the top layer of soil, in which harmful fungi have accumulated over the summer.

Examine the soil for the presence of insect larvae on it, if you find them, collect them. Clean all internal surfaces from dirt. After that, fumigate with a sulfur stick and ventilate the greenhouse.

IMPORTANT! In a polycarbonate greenhouse with a metal frame, you cannot use any smoke bombs - they destroy the polycarbonate layer and deteriorate the metal.

It is only possible to use the "Vist" checker, based on tibentazole.

A five percent formalin solution disinfects walls well. Better to spray it on the walls with a spray bottle. After processing, close the room for a day.... Then open and ventilate. Rinse and disinfect all lanes in the greenhouse.

How to care for your greenhouse in winter? In order for the frame of the greenhouse to not bend under the weight of snow in winter, it must be strengthened.

It is especially important to do this if your plot is far from your place of residence and you cannot clear the snow from the greenhouse cover.

The reinforcing elements for the frame are various supports that distribute the weight pressing on the surface.

Supports are placed under the logs and side parts of the frame. Their number should be such that every one and a half meters are reinforced.

IMPORTANT! It is necessary to fasten the props in such a way that they do not jump out and do not break through the coating.

Be sure to place a brick or stone under the lower part of the support so that it does not fall into the ground.

Close tightly all vents and vents, automated systems. Inspect the foundation close up all the cracks formed... It is impossible to leave this action for the spring, since during the winter all holes will undergo further destruction.

In winter, from the cover you need regularly brush off the snow... Just do not do this with a shovel, as you can damage the coating. It is necessary to work with a broom or wooden tools. It is very convenient to work with a car snow brush with a telescopic handle.

ATTENTION! If during the thaw the snow is frozen to the surface of the polycarbonate, do not try to scrape it off, you may damage the surface. Any scratches will reduce the light transmission of the coating.

Snow must also be moved away from the walls around the entire perimeter, because under the weight of the snowdrifts, it can lose its shape.

It is not recommended to keep the door to the greenhouse open in winter.... Under gusts of wind, it can move from the foundation, and even polycarbonate sheets can come off. At the same time, during the season, it is necessary to regularly ventilate the room, especially during thaws.

Compliance with the rules for caring for the greenhouse at all seasons of the year will extend its life by tens of years.

Watch the video: Top 6 Struggles of Growing Herbs Indoors w. solutions!!!. Garden Answer (August 2022).