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Rules for caring for cucumber seedlings after germination: step-by-step instructions for watering, feeding, pinching, picking, hardening and transplanting

Rules for caring for cucumber seedlings after germination: step-by-step instructions for watering, feeding, pinching, picking, hardening and transplanting


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Proper planting and caring for cucumber seedlings allows you to get a high yield even in the northern regions.

Plants grown from good seedlings are less sick, have a strong root and aerial system, and delight with early fruits.

Seedlings: growing and care

Seedling containers with sown cucumber seeds are covered with foil or glass. They are placed in a room with a temperature of about + 25 ° C. Watered no more than once every 7-10 days. The water should be warm. Learn more about preparing seeds before sowing.

A week later, after the sprouts have hatched and two cotyledon leaves have appeared, they remove the protection, expose the pots to sunlight. When several plants appear in a glass, the most viable ones are left. To avoid damage to the root system, weak shoots are cut off, not pulled out.

Advice! Before transplanting seedlings into the ground, soil is poured into pots several times for more active formation of the root system.

Care of cucumber seedlings after germination

Next, we will describe in detail how to care for cucumber seedlings?

Temperature regime

Seedlings of cucumbers demanding on temperature.

Optimal mode: + 20-23 ° С during the day, + 16-19 ° С at night.

Important! Temperatures above + 23 ° C, high humidity lead to pampering of seedlings, reduce the rate of development of lateral roots. Temperature jumps are contraindicated, warming up the soil less than + 15 ° С.

Lighting

Seedlings it takes a lot of lightbut she doesn't like direct sunlight. To avoid burns on the leaves, the light must be diffused.

With a lack of lighting, the seedlings are strongly stretched upward, turning pale. It is necessary to supplement the lighting with fluorescent lamps, and better with LED ones. Lighting devices are placed at a height of 5-10 cm from the plants.

Additional light is provided for 7-10 hours during the daytime, depending on the region, weather conditions.

Advice! To obtain strong seedlings, mirrors and foil are fixed on the windows. The reflected light helps absorb more UV light.

Ventilation

Seedlings of cucumbers does not tolerate crowding... The pots are placed at a distance from each other. Drafts are not allowed.

Watering

Seedlings of cucumbers moody about watering... Does not like waterlogging and drying out. Watered moderately with warm (+ 23-25 ​​° С) settled water.

When additional lighting is carried out 2 times a day, in the presence of only natural light - 1 time. Sprayed regularly.

There must be holes in the bottom of the cups so that excess moisture does not stagnate.

Advice! With too high moisture content and soil temperature, pathogenic fungi and microorganisms develop. The sprouts on which a black bloom has appeared are immediately destroyed.

The disease spreads like a hurricane to other plants, does not lend itself to any means of protection. For prophylaxis, unaffected seedlings are treated with antifungal fungicidal drugs.

Top dressing

Seedlings are fed at least two times:

  • The first feeding is carried out 2-2.5 weeks after the emergence of sprouts. An important rule for cucumber seedlings is observed - fertilizers are applied with morning watering on warm days, under the root... Fertilizers should not come into contact with the stem and leaves. They use fertilizers Fertility, Breadwinner. The seedlings are maintained with a urea solution (a teaspoon per liter of water), at the rate of one glass per plant. You can use mullein diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 8, or chicken droppings - 1:10.
  • The second feeding is carried out when the second true leaf appears. Take a tablespoon of wood ash, one teaspoon of nitrophosphate, three liters of water. Consumption, as with the first feeding, one glass per spine.

It is recommended to carry out the procedure again, 2-3 days before planting in the garden.

Advice! Vegetable growers enhance feeding with biological products based on microorganisms or prepare growth stimulants on their own from ordinary yeast.

Dry, raw yeast or brown bread, rye crackers are soaked in water. The resulting slurry is introduced twice, simultaneously with the main mineral compositions.

Seedlings of cucumbers, after using the yeast additive, begin to rapidly build up green mass.

Dive

A pick (first transplant) is necessary to reduce the density of grown seedlings. The procedure is carried out when growing a large number of roots, in seedling boxes, too small pots, overgrowing. In order for the cucumber seedlings to tolerate the transplant well:

  1. Dive early, during the formation of 2-3 leaves.
  2. They fall asleep in seedling containers in advance new, previously unused soil... Give the soil time to settle.
  3. The day before the procedure, seedlings and soil in prepared cups watered abundantly.
  4. Shallow holes are made.
  5. When outgrowing seedlings, to prevent further stretching, pinch the spine 1/3.
  6. Using a small scoop, tweezers, carefully get a bush out of the ground together with a lump of soil.
  7. Placed in the hole... Sprinkle with earth up to the first hypocotal knee. The soil is slightly compacted.
  8. Sprayed several times with warm water.
  9. A few days carefully protect from drafts... Maintain high humidity.

With a correctly carried out transplant, the growth of the lateral basal roots is activated, the risk of overgrowth is reduced.

Advice! To obtain a loose, light nutritious earthy mixture, take one part of turf, peat, sawdust, two parts of humus. A glass of wood ash and 2-3 tablespoons of complex fertilizer are added to a bucket of soil mixture.

Topping

Pinching (pinching, punching) make for overgrown bushes.

With scissors or fingers at a young shoot, remove the top above the growth point of the main stem, above the sixth leaf.

Pinching activates the setting of female flowers, the formation of the root system.

Watch a short video on how and when to pinch cucumbers and why to do it:

Banding

Ringing cucumber seedlings carried out for greater branching of adventitious roots, the formation of female-type flowers... Amateur gardeners rarely use this procedure. It is more justified for the commercial cultivation of cucumber seedlings.

For banding:

  1. Reduce watering, dry the soil.
  2. Wait until the plants lose their foliage elasticity.
  3. With a sterilized blade, a scalpel, a shallow cut in the form of a ring is made around the stem.
  4. Banding is performed directly - the stem is twisted into a ring.
  5. Sprinkle the soil until the cotyledon leaves.

Hardening

Hardening of cucumber seedlings start 7-10 days before moving to open ground or greenhouse... Reduce watering. The temperature in the room is reduced, in comparison with the usual daytime, by 5-7 °.

Then they begin to expose in a shaded, windless place in the fresh air.

Street hardening starts from 10 minutes, gradually increasing the time.

Transplanting seedlings to a permanent place

Dark green squat bushes are selected for disembarkation. If there are five or more leaves, then the seedlings have overgrown and require deepening.

The root system should be white, formed, occupy the entire volume of the seedling glass. The ideal seedling for planting in the soil has 3-4, in greenhouses - 5-6 leaves.

Planting of seedlings of cucumbers in open ground is carried out at a temperature of + 21-23 ° С established during the day. At night, it should not fall below 18 ° C.

Cucumbers grow poorly in the same place... Good predecessors for them are potatoes, tomatoes, cabbage, herbs, legumes.

The soil is chosen with neutral acidity, light, fertile, with good air-moisture permeability. It is desirable that the soil contains humus.

Cucumber beds are located on the sunny side, protected from northern winds.

Transfer of seedlings from pots

The cucumber seedlings are under great stress when replanting. It is most convenient to transfer seedlings grown in peat pots to a permanent place. They are simply buried without disturbing the plants. In paper, thin plastic cups, the bottom and walls are cut, completely removing them with a soil lump.

If necessary, remove the plant from dense containers:

  1. Stop watering seedlings of cucumbers 3-4 days before transplanting. The soil should dry out, stick to the roots.
  2. Scoop crush the soil around the perimeter pot.
  3. Smoothly pull the bush by the "ears" together with the earth.
  4. Move the plant to the prepared hole.
  5. Fall asleep up to cotyledon leaves... The soil is compacted.
  6. Mulch the soil around the stem.

Growing cucumbers in seedlings is convenient and profitable. Seedling care is not difficult, and the guarantees of obtaining a rich harvest increase.

Useful materials

Explore other helpful articles on cucumber seedlings:

  • How to grow properly on a windowsill, balcony and even in the basement?
  • Tips for growing in various containers, in particular in peat pots and tablets.
  • Find out the pick-up times by region.
  • The reasons why the leaves dry and turn yellow?

See the video below for all the intricacies of caring for cucumbers:


Watch the video: This SIMPLE Garden TIP Will Get You MORE CUCUMBERS! (May 2022).