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Time-tested tomato "Black Prince": description of the variety, characteristics, cultivation, photo

Time-tested tomato


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The Black Prince tomato variety has long been familiar to most gardeners. Children and adults love it for its unusual color and unique taste.

An unpretentious cultivar in cultivation is, without exaggeration, an adornment of any greenhouse. So that you can learn more about these tomatoes, we have collected a lot of useful information about them.

Tomato Black Prince: variety description

Variety nameBlack Prince
general descriptionMid-season indeterminate variety
OriginatorChina
Ripening period110-120 days
The formRounded, flattened at the top and bottom, multi-ribbed
ColorBurgundy, purple
Average weight of tomatoes100-500 grams
ApplicationDessert variety
Variety yield7 kg per square meter
Growing featuresSelf-pollinating plant
Disease resistanceResistant to major diseases, but prevention is needed

Tomato Black Prince is a long-bred variety, now its first generation hybrids (F1) with the same name have been created. Do not confuse a variety with a hybrid, carefully read the description on the seed packages.

Hybrid seeds will not produce good offspring for the next year, when, as the seeds of the variety, you can safely collect for subsequent plantings. Seeds about a year old germinate worse, it is better to leave them alone for 2 seasons. The plant is medium in size, about 150 cm, sometimes taller - up to 2 m.

It is an indeterminate plant - it has no final growth points. Indeterminate plants should be "pinched" (removed the top) when fruit is formed - all growth and nutrients will go to their development. It is not a standard bush.

Black Prince Tomatoes have a sturdy bristly stem with a few simple-type clusters, usually leaving 6-8 for good fruit. The leaf is medium in size, light green, typical tomato, wrinkled, without pubescence. The rhizome is well developed, reaching more than 50 cm in width, so the distance between plants should be about 60 cm.

The inflorescence is of a simple type, intermediate - the first inflorescence is laid after the 9th leaf, the subsequent ones are formed with an interval of three leaves. There are many flowers in the inflorescence. If you remove a certain number of flowers from the inflorescence, leave about 6-8, the fruits will be larger in size. The peduncle is articulated.

The plant is mid-ripening in terms of maturity, about 115 days pass from seedlings to ripening. Has an average resistance to disease... Immunity to late blight is high.

Growing is available in greenhouses and open ground, under a film cover.

Characteristics

The shape is rounded, flattened at the top and bottom, multi-ribbed. Sizes are small - about 7 cm in diameter, weight ranges from 100 to 500 g, there are more. The skin is smooth, thin, dense. The color of unripe fruits is pale green with darkening at the base, ripe fruits have a burgundy (sometimes purple) color - darker at the base.

You can compare the weight of the variety with others in the table:

Variety nameFruit weight
Black Prince100-500 grams
La la fa130-160 grams
Alpatieva 905A60 grams
Pink flamingo150-450 grams
Tanya150-170 grams
Visibly invisible280-330 grams
Early love85-95 grams
Baron150-200 grams
Apple tree of Russia80 gram
Valentine80-90 grams
Kate120-130 grams

The pulp has the same dark color (burgundy with some enlightenment). The fruits are fleshy, sugary, with a high dry matter content. Seeds are distributed in moderate quantity in 4-6 chambers. They are not subject to long-term storage, transportation is poorly tolerated.

For the first time, the variety was bred by Chinese scientists, the originator in our country is ZAO Scientific and Production Corporation NK. LTD ". Included in the State Register of the Russian Federation for growing in open ground and under a film shelter in 2000.

Available for cultivation throughout the Russian Federation and neighboring countries. Due to its interesting color, the "Black Prince" is often used to decorate dishes, its sweet taste allows it to be eaten fresh in unlimited quantities, it is very popular with children.

Considered a dessert variety... Vegetable salads, sandwiches, soups and other hot dishes take on new exquisite notes with these tomatoes.

Important! Tomatoes do not lose their beneficial properties during heat treatment.

In whole-fruit conservation, it will most likely soften and lose its shape, for winter salads, lecho, other blanks with chopped tomatoes, it will probably do. Juice production is not possible due to the high concentration of dry substances; for the production of tomato paste, sauces and ketchups with a special taste, the "Black Prince" is suitable.

Brings a crop of 7 kg from 1 sq. M, about 4 kg can be harvested from one plant.

You can compare this indicator using the data in the table:

Variety nameYield
Black Prince7 kg per square meter
Marissa20-24 kg per square meter
Sugar cream8 kg per square meter
Friend F18-10 kg per square meter
Siberian early maturing6-7 kg per square meter
Golden stream8-10 kg per square meter
Pride of Siberia23-25 ​​kg per square meter
Liang2-3 kg per bush
The miracle of the lazy8 kg per square meter
President 25 kg per bush
Leopold3-4 kg per bush

A photo

See below: Tomatoes Black Prince photo

Advantages and disadvantages

Has a number of advantages:

  • early maturity;
  • interesting color;
  • large enough fruits;
  • good harvest;
  • excellent taste.

However, it also has disadvantages - it cannot be stored, must be consumed or processed almost immediately after collection.

Features and cultivation

In addition to the color and taste of the fruits, peculiarities in cultivation are noted - the Black Prince tomatoes are a self-pollinating plant, if planted next to other varieties of tomatoes, pollination and a change in the taste of the fruit are possible.

It is necessary to plant the "Black Prince" either in a separate greenhouse or at a distance of about 1.5 m from other varieties. Another feature is that the seeds of the variety are not available in all stores.

“Black Princes” emerge for a long time, perhaps more than 10 days, then they develop rapidly. The seeds must be disinfected in a weak solution of potassium permanganate and soaked in a growth stimulator. Read more about seed treatment here.

Sowing seedlings in mid-March in a wide container with well-heated soil, rich in oxygen and fertilizers. Planting depth is about 2 cm, the distance between plants is 2 cm.

Important! The soil should be steamed (you can in the oven), this will kill possible harmful microorganisms.

For a better development of sprouts, the container is covered, pre-watered with warm water, polyethylene or thin glass. This creates the required amount of moisture. When seedlings appear, the cover can be removed. Water the soil as often as possible without using a cover.

In this case, the temperature should be at least 25 degrees. When 3-4 full-fledged sheets are formed, a pick is carried out - transplanting plants into separate containers.

In mid-May, a transfer to a permanent place is possible. They are planted in wells with fertilizer containing phosphorus. The bottom sheets are torn off.

The Black Prince tomato variety loves moisture; frequent, abundant watering at the root is necessary. Loosening, mulching is encouraged.

Top dressing every 10 days. Read useful articles about fertilizers for tomatoes:

  • Organic, mineral, phosphorus, complex and ready-made fertilizers, for seedlings and TOP of the best.
  • Yeast, iodine, ammonia, hydrogen peroxide, ash, boric acid.
  • What is foliar dressing and when picking, how to carry it out.

Pinching of the lateral processes is required. Garter on individual supports or horizontal thread. Fruit hands are also tied.

Diseases and pests

The best treatment is disease prevention. It is necessary to spray plants with drugs of general action.... From late blight - a solution of copper sulfate (10 g per bucket of water), from brown spot - sprinkle the roots with ash, from tobacco mosaic - spray with potassium permanganate.

Disinfection of seeds helps with most diseases. Microbiological agents help to fight pests. Thus, after analyzing all of the above, it is safe to say that the Black Prince tomato variety is excellent in yield and taste. It is worth starting it in your personal plot or dacha.

Watch the video: Tomato Black Prince

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