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Drip irrigation is a system that has become widespread in many countries. In the middle lane he widely used in greenhouses.
The drip installation allows you to save water, prevents soil erosion, and reduces labor costs for irrigation.
How to do drip irrigation with your own hands in a greenhouse? How to organize automatic watering in a greenhouse with your own hands, we will talk later in the article.
Do-it-yourself automatic watering in the greenhouse prevents plant burns, but they often occur with the usual method of irrigating the land. Since the drops produce a lens effect, plants may be damaged.
Water access occurs gradually, the earth is perfectly saturated with moisture. But if we consider the usual method of irrigation, then with it the water penetrates only 10 cm deep.
By installing a do-it-yourself drip irrigation system in a greenhouse, you will be able to feed crops with nutrient media with an accurate dosage. Puddles are not formed when irrigating the beds, you will save on fertilizers. Automatic irrigation installed in the greenhouse, increases productivity... Seedlings die less, this also saves money.
Plants receive moisture under the roots, the conditions for their growth are improved. Undesirable wetting of the soil is excluded, as is the evaporation of moisture. But it becomes difficult for weeds to grow. Farms with insufficient water supply can store water for irrigation and then distribute it wisely. Agricultural enterprises only on this can save and recoup the system glaze.
Drip irrigation has a positive effect on the roots, the system becomes extensive and fibrous. This gives the plants the ability to extract more nutrients from the soil. You will provide moisture to the greenhouse, you can leave the plants unattended for a while.
Important! By installing an automatic watering system for the greenhouse with your own hands, you will get rid of leaf diseases. Powdery mildew and spider mites will not appear on plants.
Drip irrigation automation options
Drip irrigation can be of several types, but any do-it-yourself drip irrigation system for greenhouses should satisfy following condition: you need to supply water not to the aisles, but to the roots of plants. If this is not done, then the following consequences are possible:
- crops will develop worse, and weeds will grow;
- the need for loosening will increase;
- the soil will be heated under the sun's rays.
The self-irrigation system in the greenhouse with your own hands can be made both from improvised means and using professional equipment.
A system of improvised means
How to make drip irrigation in the greenhouse yourself? Let's find out. If you have a small area, then do surface drip irrigation. To do this, you need to buy a PVC garden hose, choose the one from which the lumen diameter is 3 to 8 mm.
You need to make dies in it. Buckets can be used as a tank by making holes in their bottoms. Pull the spout with a standard plug. Sometimes it is necessary to use seals made of thin rubber. This is the best solution if you come to the country house only for the weekend. The system unfolds, collapses. You will quickly put it in place before leaving. Do-it-yourself autowatering for the greenhouse - a diagram - look at the photo on the left.
With water supply through a pipeline
This method of irrigation is perfect for large land plots. Everybody is here depends on the pressure... You can choose to build according to the complete or simplified scheme. Low head - 0.1-0.3 bar, normal - 0.7-3 bar head. For a pressure of 1 bar, it is necessary to raise the tank by 10 m, but for low-pressure installations, it is enough to raise the tank by 1-3 m.It is technically impossible to water twenty-meter beds.
Attention! Remember that in a system with a low pressure, you can create high-quality watering only for beds that do not exceed 10 m in length.
Of course, high-pressure irrigation systems exist today. Mist irrigation gives great advantages, but it is impossible to make such an installation with your own hands. You will need to contact specialists. In addition, it should be taken into account that the cost of such installations is high.
You can clearly see how to organize drip irrigation in a greenhouse with your own hands in the photo below:
Water supply options
For a greenhouse, the easiest way is to make a system, the source of water in which will be as follows:
- common pressure tank;
- water pipes;
- submersible pump in a pond, well or well.
Connect the squeegee to the source. Equip it with a filter and a shut-off valve. Tanks with fertilizer solutions are connected to the squeegee, and pipelines are connected to the pipeline itself, through which water will flow to the beds.
Reference: If the water is not filtered, it will quickly destroy the installation.
You will need:
- drip tubes;
- irrigation tapes.
The tapes are laid on the beds.
Drip system assembly
Purchase an automatic controller, you will begin to program it to turn on at the time of day when you need to water the beds. The device needs install behind the filter... Choose the right water filtration equipment.
For open sources gravel-sand systems are suitablespecially designed for rough cleaning. Combined with fine disc filters, the system gives excellent results.
If you take water from a well, then buy a regular mesh or disc filter... Water from a plumbing or pond must be defended and then filtered.
Prepare your tools, buy a self-watering drip system from a specialized company. Standard kit contains the following elements:
- water filter;
- connectors, with their help you connect the filter and hoses;
- start connectors, they are equipped with cranes and have special rubber seals;
- start connectors, they are without taps, but with rubber seals;
- a set of fittings for repair and installation of branching devices necessary for correct operation.
System installation consists of the following stages:
- Make a diagram. To do this, measure the beds with a tape measure, mark it on paper, observing the scale. On the diagram, indicate the location of the water source.
- Check the number of pipes, their length. For a greenhouse, buy PVC products, the most suitable diameter is from 32 mm.
- Connect the main pipe to the tank, this can be easily done using a regular garden hose.
- Install the filter, when installing, look at the arrows that indicate in which direction the water is moving. Install the filter according to the manufacturer's recommendations.
- Take a marker, paint the lines on the piping. These are the places where you will begin to mount the tape.
- Drill holes. It should turn out so that the rubber seals fit into them with effort. Then put in the start connectors.
- Muffle the tape. Cut, roll up the end and secure well. Place a plug on the opposite end of the pipeline.
Drip irrigation system, if done correctly, will serve you for several seasons... You can easily dismantle it in the fall. Clean the tape thoroughly before storing it. If you have used one season tapes, send them for recycling.
For tips on how to make self-watering in a greenhouse with your own hands, see the video below: