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Moths are small and seemingly completely harmless butterflies, which are actually malicious pests.
They are able to render furniture, furs, plants, foodstuffs completely unusable.
To prevent serious losses, you need to know well what kind of moth is and respond in time to its attack.
Moth types: photo and description
All members of the family are subdivided according to their eating habits. There are the following types:
- wardrobeeating woolen things;
- grain (food)that prefers cereals (more on the fight against food moths);
- furnituredamaging wood, upholstery and the interior of furniture;
- mushroom (fruit)attacking dried fruits, nuts, dried mushrooms;
- fur coatthat feeds exclusively on natural fur.
- waxliving in bee hives. Tincture based on its larvae has a number of medicinal properties.
In addition, there are moths that eat garden and horticultural crops, field cereals.
Small but very dangerous insect, enemy of all cruciferous plants.
Imago... The wingspan does not exceed 15–17 mm. The colors are dominated by gray, brown and chestnut shades. The front wings are decorated with a light wavy border, the back ones are decorated with a long fringe.
Egg... Has a bright lemon or light green color, oval shape.
Larva... Initially devoid of pigmentation, with age it turns green, and then dark brown. The last instar caterpillar is about 1 cm long.
Caterpillars of all ages cause damage... They are very voracious, active damage cabbage heads, mustard, radish, rutabaga, radish... As a result of their activity, vegetables lose their presentation, quickly deteriorate, and are poorly stored.
Features of the view... The cabbage moth is a cosmopolitan moth spread throughout the world. It can be found almost everywhere.
She flies badly, so she lives in the same place where she was born. Unlike most other ermine moths, it has a nondescript color and an inconspicuous appearance.
Lives, feeds and breeds on poplars... The peak of activity occurs during the period of fluff formation. Together with him, the moth often flies into houses.
Imago... A very small butterfly with a wingspan of no more than 1 cm. The front wings are distinguished by a variegated multicolored color with a predominance of pink, brown and yellow shades. The hind wings are of a solid light chestnut color, decorated with fringes along the edge.
Egg... Beige, oval, slightly flattened at the sides.
Larva... Caterpillars of the first generation are white, sometimes yellowish, with age, the integument darkens, acquiring a chestnut shade.
Moth larvae feed on poplar leavesgnawing large holes in them. As a result, the leaves dry and fall off. Once in a dwelling, butterflies fly into the light and accumulate near bright objects.
They can fly inside electrical appliances and disrupt their operation, negatively affect the sanitary condition of the house. Also, butterflies spoil food, laying eggs inside bags of cereals, in flour and dried fruits.
The poplar moth is found throughout Russia and Europe. Adult lives for about 3 days, manages to make 3 clutches of eggs during this period.
Very common pestliving in living quarters, warehouses for furs and woolen clothes, museums and mills.
The wingspan can reach from 1 to 2 cm. The front wings are painted in a light brown tone, cast with golden mother-of-pearl, the rear ones have a monochromatic beige color, fringed along the edge.
Very similar to a grain moth, differs from it only in the absence of hairs on the head.
The egg is very small, almost impossible to see with the naked eye. It has an elliptical shape and a whitish integument.
Caterpillar... The length of the colorless transparent body can reach 8–10 mm. The head is brownish yellow. Due to the structural features of the limbs moves very poorly, so it is often immobile.
Larvae of this species eat museum exhibits, any wool products, sugar, flour products, grain and bran... Of course, caterpillars cannot completely eat a thing, but they are quite capable of spoiling the appearance, gnawing noticeable holes. Assaulted food becomes unusable due to contamination with moth faeces.
The wool moth is a cosmopolitan, keratophagous and synanthropic. Very prolific species! One adult female can lay over 70–90 eggs in her short life. Within a week, her offspring will emerge from the eggs and begin their development.
Malignant pest from the ermine moth family, inhabiting mainly apple trees.
The body is very light, almost white... The front wings are whitish, decorated with longitudinal rows of black specks. The hind wings are monochromatic, nondescript ashy color, decorated with a short fringe.
The egg has an oval shape and is colored light yellow. Eggs are arranged in piles on a smooth bark, from above are protected by mucus.
Young larvae have a light yellow color of the integument, which in the process of maturation changes to dark yellow. The head and legs are black.
The greatest harm is caused by adult larvae actively eating leaves... As a result, the leaves dry and fall off. Mass invasions of such caterpillars lead to the fact that the tree ceases to bear fruit for a long time.
The apple moth can live wherever there are apple trees. Usually young larvae that have just emerged from eggs hibernate. In early spring, they wake up and begin to eat first leaf buds, and then young leaves.
Dangerous prolific and gluttonous garden pest of mountain ash and apple trees.
The butterfly has small dimensions and nondescript coloring of the wings. Their span barely reaches 11-13 mm. The front ones are painted in chestnut color, covered with light spots of a silvery sheen. The back is one-color, gray.
The shape of the eggs is elliptical, the color is monochromatic, light yellow. They are located in piles on leaves and flower ovary.
A small pale yellow larva emerges from the egg; in the process of maturation, its body lengthens and changes color to reddish or brick. The head is initially colored dark brown.
Larvae feed on the fruits of trees, gnawing winding paths into the pulp. As a result, the fruit completely deteriorates, acquiring an unpleasant bitter aftertaste. Prefers to eat rowan berries, in lean years it causes significant damage to apple trees.
Features of the species. Butterflies are active at night, during the day they hide in a shelter from the sun's rays. One female lays 70–90 eggs.
It is a pronounced keratophagous, eating products containing keratin... Outwardly, it is very similar to a clothes moth.
Small in size, the body reaches 4–6 mm in length... The front winglets are painted in a grayish-yellow color, casting a pearlescent sheen. Dark spots can be discerned at the base of the wings.
IMPORTANT! It differs from related species in uniform color. Other moths, such as moths, have variegated, multi-colored wings.
The egg is very small, the length does not exceed 0.3–0.5 mm, so it is difficult to find them. They have a rounded shape and pale pink color, which significantly differ from other species. The female arranges eggs in heaps of 55-75 eggs in each.
The caterpillar has a transparent yellowish body and a reddish-brown head, equipped with powerful jaws. Legs are poorly developed, so the larvae move little and slowly.
Furniture moth feeds on natural materials, preferring wool, furs and furs... Caterpillars spoil upholstery, clothing, carpets, gnawing holes in the fabric and rendering them unusable.
Furniture moths can be found anywhere. Butterflies settle where their favorite food is. Only males can fly, in females, the wings are not used for their intended purpose.
With good nutrition, the larva goes through all generations in 19–21 days. Adult the female is very fertile, she can lay about 280-290 eggs in a few days.
ATTENTION! The most dangerous quarantine pest that can destroy most of the grown crop.
The wingspan can reach 1.5–2 cm. The front wings are grayish-chestnut, decorated with dark streaks and yellow specks. The hind ones are brown in color and fringed along the edge.
Egg... At first, the integument is light, gradually darkening. The shape is oval.
Caterpillar torso it can be greenish, pink, gray or yellow... It can grow in length up to 1.5 cm.
Caterpillars feed on plants from the nightshade family: potatoes, tomatoes, eggplants, nightshades... Most of all goes to vegetables harvested for winter storage.
Gluttonous larvae take root inside the fruit and gnaw the flesh, filling the voids with their excrement. As a result, the affected tubers rot.
A fertile female lays on average at least 160–180 eggs; during a season, it can develop from 3 to 15 generations.
Real moths are a large family of lepidopteran pests. You don't have to expect anything good from them, because by their actions they bring serious damage.