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It is believed that the only sign of a ripe apple genus is its red color. And what are the most delicious late varieties?
When choosing winter seedlings, which are also called late apples, certain important factors must be considered. Such winter apples do not acquire optimal taste characteristics immediately after picking the fruit from the tree, but several weeks or months after harvesting.
The trees of these apple trees have increased winter hardiness, which is why they are able to withstand severe frosts and, after a thaw, return cooling.
What are good late apple varieties?
The main distinguishing feature of late apples is their increased keeping quality. They are able to survive perfectly until spring, and some varieties up to summer. During storage, the fruits do not lose their aroma and original taste.
They are usually removed at the end of September and finished in early October during the removable maturity phase.... These fruits contain a lot of starch and protopectin. When ripe, the proportion of aromatic and coloring substances in them increases.
Late apples become fully ready for consumption only after a couple of months. The storage time is influenced by environmental conditions and the variety, and this indicator can be 4 - 8 months.
Advantages of late varieties of apples:
- Suitable for all types of processing.
- Good transportability.
- Strong rind and dense texture.
- Apples ripen, acquire a stable aroma and taste.
- Long storage time.
Late varieties of apples are distributed depending on the storage time for:
- Early winter (Welsey, Parmen winter gold, Pepin saffron, Winner, Antonovka ordinary): can be stored until January-February.
- Winter (Sinap Orlovsky, Northern Sinap, Ranet bergamotny, Mirnoe, Lobo, Kortland, Aport, Antonovka dessert, Anise gray, Anise scarlet): stored until March - April.
- Late winter (North synap, Renet champagne, Renet d'Orléans, Sarah Sinap, Mantuan, etc.): stored until May - June.
The main difference between winter varieties of apples and summer ones is that it is undesirable to eat them immediately. They need to lie down for at least a month.
Winter apple varieties
Tall late winter variety. The fruits are slightly conical in shape with slightly angular or small blunt edges. They are initially green in color, and when exposed to the sun, they are covered with red and yellow blush. Pleasant on the palate, with juicy and firm pulp.
Fruits are resistant to brown spot, but prone to scab and powdery mildew disease. They are consumed not only fresh, the fruits are used to prepare juices, dried fruits and compotes.
Late variety apples obtained by Belarusian breeders. They are distinguished by increased frost resistance, they are able to perfectly endure even the most severe winters. The fruits are sweet and juicy, and may last for a long time.
When ripe, the color changes from green to burgundy and bright red. Often there is a waxy coating on them, which gives a bluish tint. In fruits, consumer maturity occurs 2 months after the picking process. They can be consumed fresh or harvested for future use.
The variety bears fruit in almost any climatic zone. The variety was created as late ripening, the fruits are distinguished by their strength and hardness, and if good conditions are observed, they can lie until the end of May. They have a pleasant sweet and sour taste.
They remain light green until they are removed, and turn yellow during incubation. Sometimes they can become covered with a red blush. The advantages of the variety include a consistently high yield, excellent taste, transportability, excellent presentation of apples, resistance to scab and early fruiting.
This late winter American variety has other names: Osmanovskoe, Horoshavka winter, Winter red. The trees are medium-sized, give an excellent yield only with sufficiently moist and fertile soil.
The variety is relatively resistant to scab and powdery mildew. The fruit tastes great. A red blush at the end of ripening covers almost all apples.
It belongs to the daughter variety of Macintosh, which inherited from it a rich red color and the best taste. Variety with above average yield.
It bears fruit annually, and the number of apples is constantly growing. Has good drought and winter hardiness. Medium disease resistance.
Canadian unique variety, bred from the only apple tree that survived in the garden. The fruits are green or whitish-yellow in color. The cover color has the appearance of dark red or purple stripes. Fruits ripen 2 - 3 weeks after harvesting.
In some cases, the field of long-term storage, apples can be used for harvesting for future use. Their main purpose was fresh consumption. Intense and moderately sweet taste. Average winter hardiness, low scab resistance.
A medium-sized tree, the crown of which, at a young age, is distinguished by the appearance of an inverted pyramid, and then becomes wide-rounded or rounded. As they ripen, the fruits have a rich, bright red color.
Sweet on the palate with a light iron flavor. They are stored well, they also tolerate transportation. The only drawback was the frequent damage by bitter spot during storage.
The exact origin of this winter variety, which has a mixed type of fruiting, is unknown. Trees are often above average in size. Trees are resistant to strong winds and drought. The fruits are medium to large in size. The main color is light or brightly stable.
The variety has a distinctive feature (not a disease) - warty formations with rustiness on the surface with a diameter of 7 mm. Their number is on one fruit 2 - 3.
The pulp is juicy, tender, white, has a pleasant grape flavor. The fruits are often consumed fresh.
Late winter variety. The trees are large. When setting up a garden, you need to allocate enough space for them. Fruits grow large, have almost the same size.
Apples have a green overall color and a red blush appears in places. Sweet pulp with a slight sourness. For good fruiting and growth, calcium must be constantly present in the soil.
Winter apple varieties have an attractive appearance, strong structure and long shelf life. They give a rich harvest when properly grown, and in their original form they can persist almost until mid-summer.