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The reasons for the development of garlic allergy in adults and children, as well as how to cope with the disease?

The reasons for the development of garlic allergy in adults and children, as well as how to cope with the disease?


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Can an adult or child be allergic to such a natural and healthy product as garlic? The answer is yes, some people are allergic to this vegetable and should be careful when using it.

In our article, you can familiarize yourself with the symptoms of the disease and see in the photo how an allergic reaction to garlic manifests itself.

Despite the fact that many diseases can be cured with the help of garlic, people who are allergic to the product need to know how to prevent and cure it.

Does this happen and what are the reasons?

The main cause of garlic allergy is the effect on the body of the contained aplicin. It is a very powerful natural antioxidant that plays an active biological role in the tissues of this plant. Aplicin can enter the body through the consumption of garlic in food or through inhalation of its aromas (both flowers and fruits).

A healthy immune system does not react in any way to the substances contained in garlic. But the functioning of the immune system of the allergic person is impaired, and she perceives the components of the plant when they enter the body as foreign. A specific reaction begins, the production of antibodies to incoming substances - this is called an allergic process.

Factors predisposing to allergies include:

  1. Digestive disorders, due to which garlic is digested for too long or not completely digested, which contributes to the ingestion of aplicin into the blood in increased quantities.
  2. Overeating of the product.
  3. Genetic predisposition to allergies.
  4. Lack of vitamins and minerals in the body.
  5. Concomitant effects on the immune system of other allergens.

Read more about who can and who is contraindicated to eat white garlic here, and from this article you will learn how effective it is in treating diseases, and in what form it is better to take it.

Symptoms in children and adults

Symptoms of the disease may differ depending on whether the garlic entered the body through the digestive system or through the nose (by inhaling its aroma). When garlic enters the digestive system, the classic symptoms of food allergy develop:

  • The presence of rashes on the body in the form of small papules or watery blisters.
  • There is a strong tooth in the area of ​​the rash.
  • Dry skin.
  • Frequent sneezing and watery eyes, sore throat.
  • Tingling sensation on the tongue, in the throat.
  • Diarrhea, flatulence and heartburn.
  • With severe allergies, the tongue and upper respiratory tract swell, and Quincke's edema is noted. This condition requires hospitalization and emergency resuscitation measures.

When you inhale the aroma of garlic, first of all, respiratory symptoms of allergies develop: rhinitis, tearing, sneezing, sore throat, hoarseness, mucus, shortness of breath.

There are practically no differences in symptoms in adults and children, but manifestations of allergy to garlic in children are more severe - dyspeptic disorders, swelling of the respiratory tract or Quincke's edema are more common, and very small doses of the allergen are enough for children to develop characteristic symptoms.

Photo of ailment

In the following photos, you can see how the symptom of the disease manifests itself, on areas of the skin, in an adult and a child.


Treatment

Drug therapy involves taking antihistamines, such as:

  • Claritin.
  • Erius.
  • Zyrtec.
  • Cetrin.

These drugs have a minimum of side effects; for mild allergies, it is enough to take 1-2 tablets a day.

Important: The exact dosage of the drug is established by an allergist.

If the attack is acute, there are problems with swallowing, difficulty breathing, then drugs such as Suprastin, Diazolin are injected. With the development of Quincke's edema, the spread of a rash throughout the body, severe breathing disorders, you must immediately call an ambulance to carry out resuscitation measures.

  1. To cleanse the gastrointestinal tract of allergens, use Polysorb, Enterosgel or Atoxil.
  2. To relieve itching, local ointments and creams are used: desitin, Solkoresil.
  3. For severe symptoms, corticosteroids such as Hydrocortisone, Prednisolone are prescribed. These are rather potent hormonal drugs with many side effects, so they should be used with caution and only after consulting a doctor.

You can supplement drug therapy with folk remedies. Here are how many recipes:

  • 1 spoon of chamomile decoction, 1 spoon of nettle decoction, a glass of water. All three ingredients are mixed and used for compresses on the itchy area.
  • 1 spoon of the string is brewed in a glass of water and drunk like tea. The decoction of the string can be added to the bath as an anti-itch remedy.
  • Hops, nettles and elderberries are poured with boiling water, infused, and then used as lotions.

The ingredients of folk remedies can themselves act as allergens, therefore, before taking a full-fledged infusion or decoction, you need to check the body's reaction to it by using a small portion.

Prevention

It is worth giving up eating garlic in any form, as well as products containing it. It is necessary to stay away from the smell of garlic, so it is better to remove this plant from the house and the refrigerator and ventilate all rooms well (you can find out how to remove the smell of garlic from the mouth and skin of your hands here).

If an allergy to garlic manifests itself due to digestive problems, then you need to go on a diet, which will eliminate them and prevent constipation. You also need to give up bad habits, minimize stressful situations and monitor the state of your immunity.

Conclusion

Garlic allergy occurs in humans due to its powerful antioxidant, aplicin. Symptoms of the reaction are similar to those of other food allergies, and the methods of treatment are similar: antihistamines, topical ointments, corticosteroids. Contact of the patient with the allergen must be excluded.


Watch the video: Understanding Food Allergy (May 2022).