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For the full development of tomatoes, a complex of minerals is needed - macro- and microelements. The macronutrients required for plant vegetation include nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
The main microelements, without which tomatoes will not be able to develop and bear fruit normally, are boron, zinc, sulfur, manganese and magnesium.
Sun, water, mild climate - that would seem to be all that plants in your garden need. However, not all so simple.
The most generous, the most fertile soil sooner or later "gets tired" - is depleted, loses its useful properties, stops feeding its green offspring. How can we help both?
Features of ready-made dressings
The main purpose of finished fertilizers is to fill the very niche in plant nutrition that the soil of a given area or region cannot fill.
The reasons may be different: scarcity of soil cover, water or wind erosion, illiterate crop rotation, etc. Fertilizers are subdivided into several groups according to their chemical composition.
- Organic and organomineral... Organic substances include substances of exclusively plant and animal origin - manure, peat, compost. Most often they are harvested right on the spot. Fertilizers of this kind improve the physical, chemical, biological properties of the soil, air and water regime.
- Mineral... Inorganic substances. They are solid and liquid, homogeneous and complex. According to the nutrient, they are divided into micronutrient fertilizers (zinc, manganese, boric) and macrofertilizers (phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen, calcium, sulfur).
- Bacterial... These preparations promote the development of bacteria that affect the nutrient regime of the soil. In the composition - certain types of microorganisms. They allocate phytohormones, growth stimulants, drainage and ameliorants.
We suggest watching a video on which fertilizers are suitable for feeding tomatoes:
Advantages and disadvantages
- The use of fertilizers makes the work of the gardener easier and easier, allowing you to minimize costs, but at the same time get a large harvest.
- The drugs are affordable.
- Plants become more resistant to diseases and pests.
- To use the drug, no special education is needed - instructions are enough.
- Failure to comply with the dosages indicated in the instructions leads to poisoning of the vegetable.
- The same applies to safety precautions: not paying attention to the hazard class and not using protective attributes, it is easy to poison a person.
- Excess fertilizer negatively affects the soil.
Description, methods of application, price in MSC, St. Petersburg and other large cities
"Baby" for tomatoes and peppers
Judging by the reviews, many people like this drug with such an affectionate name. It cannot be otherwise - it contains all the necessary trace elements important for the development and growth of tomatoes: nitrogen, phosphorus, sand, dolomite flour, potassium and peat. But there is no chlorine in it at all, so the delicate leaves are not in danger of burns. This drug is universal: "Baby" can be used for soaking seeds, and for seedlings, and for adult tomatoes..
"Baby" can also be used for feeding eggplants and peppers. It stimulates growth, improves the quality of the soil composition and forces the root system to form more intensively.
The following proportions are used to soak the seed material: - 30 ml of the preparation per 500 ml of water. Term - one day.
For seedlings: 10 ml of fertilizer is diluted in a liter of water, poured under the root after the appearance of the first leaf.
Re-feeding - after the appearance of the third. The average price is 25-30 rubles for 250 ml.
Another chlorine-free complex fertilizer that provides tomato seedlings with a balanced nutrition from planting to fruit formation. Increases productivity, reduces susceptibility to fungal and bacterial diseases.
Application: 1 tbsp. l. (without a slide) is applied to 10 liters of soil before planting seedlings.
Proportions for root dressing: scatter 20 g per 1 sq. m. Cost - 60-90 rubles per 1 kg.
"Ammofoska" for tomato
Ammofoska is produced in granules. A large amount of potassium and sulfur in the composition (more than 14% of both) makes the bushes more resistant to pests and stressful situations, allows them to grow abundant green mass and a lot of fruits.
Due to the fact that the granules slowly dissolve in the soil, the plant receives nutrition for a long time. Another plus is the ability to feed the plants at any time of the year, except for winter. Ammophoska is not toxic, and does not absorb excess nitrogen, but if the dosage rules are violated, it increases the acidity of the soil.
For the first feeding, 20 g per square meter is enough... The mixture is spread over the surface and covered with a rake. When planting seedlings, 1 tsp is added to the planting hole. powder. At the stage of flowering and ripening of tomatoes, up to 1 liter of solution can be poured under the bush.
In March, the drug can be scattered over the melting snow, dissolved in warm water in summer and autumn, always removing the sediment. Since this drug belongs to the 4th hazard class, it is imperative to use protective clothing, gloves and a mask when working. The price starts from 99 rubles. per kg.
Another granular tomato mixture with the classic NPK complex (phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium).
The list of its benefits is extensive: the granules dissolve well and without residue in water, do not stick together during storage, due to the high concentration of the main elements, the growth of agricultural crops is noticeably accelerated, and the yield increases by 30-40%.
But the disadvantages are also significant: the shelf life of the drug is only six months, and exceeding the dosage (even the minimum) leads to the accumulation of nitrates in the fruits.
Nitrofacque is highly flammable and can explode if care is not taken!
Of the 3 existing varieties of fertilizer for feeding tomatoes, sulfate and phosphorite are suitable. When grown on an industrial scale, the granules are sprinkled on the soil before planting, but in private households it is more convenient to pour granules into the holes.
The proportions are as follows: 1 tbsp. per hole before disembarking.
To prepare a liquid solution, 50 g of the substance is dissolved in 10 liters of warm water. You can water the seedlings with the same solution 2 weeks after transplanting. The cost varies between 25-30 rubles per kg.
We offer you to watch a video about the drug "Nitrofoska":
"Bogatyr" - organic mineral fertilizer in liquid form... Humic substances in the composition - 18%, nitrogen - 21 g / l, phosphorus - 48 g / l, potassium - 72 g / l.
Liquid organomineral fertilizer Bogatyr "For Tomatoes and Peppers" contains a full set of nutrients necessary for the full growth and development of plants. Recommended for feeding tomato and pepper seedlings. Humate content - 18%
To feed the roots, 10 ml of fertilizer is diluted in 1 liter of water, used from the day the first leaf appears once every 2 weeks. For spraying foliage, the proportion of the drug is reduced by 2 times. Price: 70 rub. for 0.3 liters.
The use of fertilizer "Baikal" for tomatoes allows you to harvest up to 4 times morethan using simple organics. Spraying weekly gives an increase of 50 to 100%, soaking - 10 to 60%. The palatability of the tomato is improved, the shelf life of the fruit is increased. In addition, harmful pests, late blight completely disappear, with early frosts and drought, resistance increases significantly.
The preparation contains lactic acid bacteria, yeast, nitrogen-fixing and photosynthetic bacteria.
There are about 1 billion effective microorganisms per 1 liter of the volume of this top dressing. This is a very profitable development - 1000 liters of fertilizer are obtained from 1 liter.
You can use the preparation for root dressing only if the soil has warmed up to 12-15 degrees, otherwise the bacteria will freeze. Diluted in a ratio of 1: 1000. To increase the fertility of the earth, the beds in the fall are mulched with sawdust and watered with a diluted preparation. In the spring, fertilization must be repeated... Cost - from 600 rubles per liter.
Environmentally friendly fertilizer for the latest generation of tomatoes.
- Increases resistance to fungi.
- Increases fertility of acidic soils, productivity and quality.
- Agrochemical suitability is not limited.
Proportions for the working solution: 15-20 g per 10 l of water, spraying is carried out after the formation of a full-fledged leaf. For root top dressing, the drug is scattered over the site, and after that it is dug up.
Proportions: 25 g per 2-3 square meters of land. Fertilizer is considered relatively safe, but it should be hidden from children and pets. Price - 20 rubles. for 100 g.
"Gumi omi" for tomatoes, eggplant and pepper
Natural, organic fertilizer "Gumi Omi" is intended for tomatoes, eggplants, peppers based on chicken manurecontaining a full set of micro and macro elements (including copper, boron and Gumi fertilizer).
Apply dry or diluted in water. For feeding, 6 tablespoons of the drug are infused in 10 liters of water for 2-3 hours. This drug is a growth stimulant, it helps plants to get stronger, and significantly increase resistance to various diseases and fungal infections.
It also protects plantings from insect attacks, releasing fungicides that repel aphids, moths, spider mites and other pests. Seedlings treated with humates are easier to transfer to open ground, get sick less, become more resistant to temperature changes.
Can be used every 2 weeks. Cost: 36 rubles for 700 g.
This preparation stimulates the formation of tomato ovaries even in unfavorable weather conditions, increases the total and early harvest by 30%, and improves the quality of products. The drug "Vityaz" is a white powder, odorless.
For feeding tomatoes, 2 g of fertilizer is diluted in 2 liters of water at room temperature, mixed thoroughly, infused for 10-15 minutes and used within 24 hours.
If it is necessary to increase the yield, then the water should be taken in half. Processing should be carried out in dry, calm weather., in the morning or evening hours.
Price: 50 rubles. for 2 years
The main component of the "Hom" preparation for tomatoes is copper oxychloride... The tool is compatible with other treatment preparations: covering the leaf blade with a thin film, it does not allow infection to penetrate deep into the tissues. 40 g of powder is diluted with 10 liters of warm, settled water and used immediately. During the growing season, treatment should be carried out 4 times (with an interval of 5 days). By adding a liter of milk to a bucket of solution, you can increase the drug's ability to stick to the leaves.
Do not use metal containers for stirring this preparation! The average cost of fertilizer is 27-30 rubles. for 20 gr.
This is an environmentally friendly, non-aggressive substance that stimulates the formation of the root system of tomatoes, prevents the stems of the plant from pulling out, and increases the yield. It does not harm insects and is safe for the human body. Sold in an ampoule of one and a half milliliters. Spraying is carried out when the plant has a third leaf: 15 g of the substance is diluted in 10 liters of water. After 7 days, a second is carried out, after another week - the third (you can make the solution more concentrated).
After watering at the root, you can water only after 2-3 days.... If sprayed - in a day. Cost: 13-20 rubles. for 1.5 g.
It is imperative to diversify the "menu" of plants, but it requires a competent approach. An overabundance and deficiency of nutrients negatively affects the yield, therefore, the processing of each crop requires knowledge of certain rules. Gardeners are not born experienced - they learn by listening to the advice of books and experts. Follow the instructions of the instructions, handle your plants with care - and they will answer you with a healthy look and tasty fruits.