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Radish (lat. Radix - "root") is an annual cold-resistant and light-loving culture belonging to the genus Radish of the Cabbage family. Radish is quite unpretentious in care and little time passes from the emergence of seedlings to the first harvest.
Radish fruits have a juicy, tangy taste and contain many beneficial substances for the body. From this article, you can learn how to plant radishes at home, what conditions are required and how to choose the best time to plant.
Only the right combination of the selected variety, time and conditions will bring the desired yield. There are also other important steps to harvest: seed preparation, proper seedling care.
Can you plant radishes at home?
Radishes are easy to plant and grow at home. To do this, you need to familiarize yourself with the information on the correct selection of soil, containers and the most suitable varieties, the nuances of sowing and caring for the root crop. Then determine a suitable place for planting in the apartment: sufficiently lit and warm.
In open ground, radishes are usually sown in early March-April. At home, radishes can be grown all year round, due to its ability to self-pollinate and the ability to maintain optimal heat and light conditions for the plant.
Is it convenient to use the balcony?
If the balcony is not insulated and not glazed, cultivation is possible only in the spring-summer period. Depending on the region, starting from April-May (upon reaching a stable daily plus temperature above 12 ° C). Also if the balcony is located on the north side, the plant may lack light, which will affect the growth of the plant's fruit.
The advantage of a balcony is more landing space and fresh air. Growing seedlings in this way, you can create a mini-greenhouse in case the balcony is glazed. an especially good option if there is a warm floor system on the balcony, then the seedlings are not afraid of frost. Read more about growing radishes on the balcony here.
The necessary conditions
- The optimal placement of seedlings is a windowsill on the south side with a long daylight hours (10-12 hours).
- Additional lighting in winter.
- The light should fall evenly so that the sprouts do not stretch to one side.
- The average daily temperature for good growth is + 15-17 ° С, at night - + 6-8 ° С.
In summer, the seedlings must be covered with agrofibre after 17 hours, manually adjusting the duration of daylight hours.
Important! When growing radishes in winter, the flowerpot should not be placed in the immediate vicinity of the battery and other heating devices.
How many days does a vegetable grow?
For growing at home, early maturing varieties are preferable, yielding 18-23 days after germination. Re-sowing in the same soil can be done at intervals of 10-14 days.
What containers to use?
How to grow radishes? As a planting container, you can use:
- wooden box;
- plastic container with drainage holes;
- special container with separate cells;
- paper or plastic cups;
- egg cassettes;
- clay or ceramic flowerpots.
Any container must be at least 14 cm high. and a width corresponding to the window sill. Each container should be provided with a drip tray and drain holes to drain excess moisture.
How to choose the time?
People often ask: is it possible to plant radishes in spring, for example, in April, or in winter, how does it grow at this time at home on the window?
It should be noted that radishes on the windowsill can be planted at any time of the year... Even in winter, with proper care, the fruits grow quickly and have the same taste and health benefits as the spring harvest.
From the conditions of proper care, it is necessary to observe the presence of a suitable temperature and illuminated daylight hours.
Varieties with photos for growing at home
The most optimal varieties are considered to be with fast ripening periods, since they are resistant to flowering, drought and insufficient lighting.
Firstborn is a hybrid ultra-early variety with rounded juicy dark red fruits, has a high yield. The root crop is rounded, red, the pulp is juicy, sweetish. Ripening period - 17-19 days.
Dutch early-ripening variety, gives large red fruits and low tops, does not tolerate very low temperatures. the variety is resistant to the formation of a void in the fetal cavity. Ripening period 18 days.
Hybrid variety, unpretentious in care with slightly flattened fruits with red skin and white oily flesh, has good fruiting in low light conditions. Ripening period - 22-24 days.
Liman is an early ripe high-yielding variety, rounded-elliptical roots - red with a white tip. Ripening period - 22-23 days.
An early variety with large bright red fruits (30-40 grams), resistant to stemming and cracking. The variety has a mild flavor and excellent crunchiness. Ripening period - 23-25 days.
A mid-season round-oval variety with a ruby-red color of a root crop and a weak white pulp, characterized by disease resistance. Ripening period - 25-30 days.
Ultra-early ripening variety with medium-sized cylindrical fruits, the fruit of the variety 18 days tastes juicy and tender... Ripening period - 18-20 days.
Early ripening variety, characterized by small tops and fast filling of root crops. The pulp is weakly sharp, juicy, without characteristic bitterness, the fruits are round, red. Ripening period - 22-25 days.
- container for soaking seeds;
- wooden dive stick;
- planting container;
- drainage (expanded clay, crushed stone or broken brick);
- soil (substrate);
- potassium permanganate.
- It is necessary to sort the seeds. If the grains have a brown tint and stale appearance, this may mean that they are old and must be disposed of immediately. To check, the seedlings can be lowered into the water - the suitable ones will settle to the bottom, and the empty ones will rise to the edge.
- The seeds should be soaked in warm water (room temperature) a day before the intended planting at home.
- Place for 2-3 hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate and immediately plant (disease prevention).
Note! For sowing, any soil mixture for germinating vegetable seedlings is suitable.
In the pot
- The soil moistened with water is placed in a pot.
- With a diving stick, recesses are made at a distance of 5-6 cm from each other, the depth of the hole is 1.5-2 cm.
- One seed is placed in each recess and sprinkled with earth or sand, the surface is sprayed with a spray bottle.
- The pot is covered with plastic or glass and put away in a warm place until shoots appear.
- 2-3 days after pecking the tops, the vegetable is hardened in a cool place at a temperature of 7-9 ° C for several days.
To obtain sufficient and uniform crop emergence use large pots.
In egg cassettes
This method is considered the most affordable and hygienic:
- egg cells are treated with alcohol or heated in an oven at a temperature of 70 ° C;
- the bottom is cut off, thus forming holes;
- drainage and a substrate moistened with water are placed in a plastic container with holes;
- cells are pressed into the soil;
- each of the seeds is lowered into the middle of each cell, sprinkled with sand on top and watered;
- the container, as well as the pot, is placed before the seeds emerge in a warm place and create a greenhouse effect, and then the plant is hardened.
Reference! The advantage of growing radishes using egg cassettes is that you do not need to mulch the soil and weed, for leaving it is enough only to systematically water the plant.
- Dishes with seedlings are located in a bright place, if there is a lack of light, additional lighting is provided by lamps.
- Watering daily, moderate.
- It is not recommended to loosen and huddle the ground around the seedlings.
- If the air is dry, it is necessary to provide a spray from a spray bottle.
- With a high-quality soil composition, top dressing is optional.
- The difference between day (+ 15-17 ° C) and night (+ 6- + 8 ° C) temperatures must be observed.
If the planting of seeds was too dense, plants must be thinned out, leaving a distance of at least 1.5 cm between each fruit. Otherwise, root crops will not be able to grow and develop freely.
How to make sure that the radish does not stretch?
In order for the plants to grow symmetrically and not to stretch, it is necessary to periodically rotate the container with the seedlings so that the light evenly falls on the crops.
The collection is carried out as the root crop is formed, depending on the selected variety. It is undesirable to overexpose radishes in the soil - the fruits quickly coarse and become bitter.
The overgrowth of the tops is a sign of improper development of the root crop, what can result from:
- excess watering and fertilizers;
- too hot climate;
- lack of light;
- placing seeds too deep in the soil.
You can try cutting the tops off completely to give the fruit a chance to grow.
- Shooting (color)- excessive loosening of the soil and thinning of crops.
- Inexpressive taste. The reason is an excess of fertilizers.
- Bitterness. The reason is uneven watering.
- Fruit cracking. The reason is the difference in soil moisture indicators and dry air.
For proper growth, radishes need sufficient watering and the right temperature. To avoid problems when growing radishes, you must follow the recommendations for planting seeds and caring for seedlings. Growing radishes on a windowsill will allow you to eat this vegetable rich in vitamins and minerals all year round.