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Luxurious inflorescences of potted begonias on store shelves are so attractive that it is almost impossible to resist buying.
So that the euphoria from the acquisition of this beauty is not replaced by the disappointment of her death, you need to know the nuances of keeping the plant after it is brought from the store to the house.
That is why it is necessary to understand how the plant was taken care of in the flower shop, and what measures should be taken in order for begonia to continue to delight with abundant flowering.
How are flowers kept in stores?
Often, potted crops in stores are sold in bloom. Flowering takes a lot of energy and plants need feeding. The transport soil, as a rule, does not contain nutrients and is only needed for the development of the root system, therefore, the viability of plants is maintained by irrigation with fertilizer solutions. Shop lighting is usually inadequate.
Begonias do not have time to die or deform while on the counter, but still the plant has time to get used to a small amount of light and it will take some time to adapt to return to a normal light regime.
Why do you need special care at first?
Commercially available begonias are grown in mass production in industrial greenhouses, where high air humidity is maintained, optimal lighting, watering and fertilizing are carried out according to the regime.
After that, the plant experiences the stress of transportation, then it is kept in warehouses and in a store, and then it gets into the conditions of an apartment with dry air and not always suitable temperature and lighting. All this implies that the plant will not feel very well upon arrival at a new habitat.
For normal development at home, begonias will need adaptation, which implies special competent care at first after purchase.
When is a transplant required?
A transplant for a store-bought begonia is desirable, but you should not rush into this event. The plant must adapt to new conditions. Normally, this can take from two weeks to a month. If a flowering plant is purchased, then for transplantation you need to wait until the end of flowering.
What's the first thing to do?
After bringing begonias from the store, the first step is to place them where there are no other plants. This is done so that in the case of the presence of previously undetected parasites on the flower, other houseplants are not infected. The ideal place to adapt begonias would be a windowsill, the only condition is that the light should not be too bright.
If the purchased begonia has damaged leaves, they must be removed. You can treat the plant with Epin. It is not recommended to water the begonia for the first five days. If there is a fear that the earth will dry up, you can put a container of water next to the flower. Read about all the nuances of watering begonias here.
How to care?
For a softer adaptation of begonia in the room where it is kept, it is necessary to maintain high humidity. During this period, you need to try to minimize stress for the plant - do not disturb it, do not rearrange it from place to place, do not turn the pot, do not wash the leaves and do not carry out other manipulations. Shop begonias that have passed the adaptation period at home will need a transplant. To do this, you need to prepare the pot and soil.
- Pot for begonia.
It is best to opt for a breathable ceramic or clay product. In a plastic container, root rot is more likely. The bottom of the pot should be perforated, as drainage for the begonias is mandatory. Large expanded clay or pieces of brick can be used as drainage. Coal is used for top drainage. You will learn about the rules of planting and choosing a pot for begonias here.
- The soil.
Ready-made formulations for begonias are easy to purchase at a flower shop. If desired, you can prepare the substrate yourself. Half of it should consist of leaf humus, and for the rest of the parts, peat and sand are taken. The substrate prepared according to this scheme turns out to be loose and nutritious.
The transplant is carried out as follows:
- A plant is removed from an old pot along with an earthen lump. The root system of begonia is quite fragile, so the procedure should be carried out as carefully as possible.
- The roots are carefully examined, if there are dry areas, they are cut off, if some of the roots are damaged by rot, they are also removed, and the rest are treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The cut points are dried and sprinkled with charcoal.
- Begonia roots are dipped into prepared soil, which should be poured into the pot so that at least a centimeter remains to the edge. This will allow enough water to be used for irrigation.
- After transplanting, the begonia should be watered abundantly.
If a window sill is chosen as a permanent habitat for begonia, you should make sure that the leaves and petals of the plant do not touch the glass. In winter, they can freeze to it, and in summer get burned.
You can read about how to preserve begonias in winter in this article, and you can find all the details of caring for this wonderful plant here.
Watch a video about transplanting begonia and caring for it:
When to switch to normal mode?
The end of the adaptation period of begonia can be determined visually, a plant that has taken root under new conditions shows all the signs of renewed growth and active development. In time it will take about 2-3 weeks. After the adaptation period is over, the plant is placed in a permanent place and care is carried out according to the standard scheme. You can read more about how to care for a flower growing in a pot in this article, and you will learn all the secrets of successfully growing garden begonias in the open field here.
When purchasing a potted begonia, the most important thing to remember is that it is alive. If you pay attention to the needs of the flower and respond sensitively to discontent during the period of its getting used to new conditions, the plant will respond with gratitude and from year to year it will delight the eye with abundant flowering.