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One of the first vegetables that is planted in the spring in the beds by almost every gardener is radish. Breeders constantly bring out the best varieties of radish with characteristics that attract attention. Large varieties of radish are especially popular.
Most of the articles on the Internet about radishes are uninformative and not structured. It is difficult to figure out which varieties will give a good harvest in the open field, and which ones require attention and careful care to obtain a large number of high-quality root crops.
Which radish is considered large-fruited?
When you read the description and see “the weight of the root crop is 30 grams,” it is difficult to relate this to reality. Of course, pulp density, size and shape are individual for most species, but you can focus on the following approximate indicators:
- For round radishes, the weight is 15-25 grams, the diameter is 3-4 cm.
- For elongated varieties, the weight is 15-25 grams, 3-4 centimeters long and 1.5-2 thick.
This size and weight is optimal for using radishes in salads and eating. Anything larger and heavier is considered a large size, for an amateur. Naturally, the above figures are approximate. There are radishes with dense pulp, which weigh up to 40 grams at this size, there are light ones and with voids - they weigh only 10-15 grams.
Important. The indication "large" in the description of many varieties does not mean getting really large specimens, most often these will be root crops of normal size. You need to understand that in greenhouses experienced agronomist-breeders have much better conditions than an ordinary amateur gardener.
Most popular types
By planting method and requirements for conditions radish is for open and closed ground... At the same time, closed ground means not only a greenhouse or a greenhouse - it can be grown in a simple box on the window.
For home cultivation
Radish is such a simple and unpretentious crop that it can be grown all year round. There are varieties that are resistant to lack of light and can grow in a box in the kitchen or balcony.
An early ripening variety that ripens in 19-21 days. A brightly colored rounded root crop up to 4 cm in diameter. Resistant to lack of light and temperature drop.
Hybrid with high resistance to lack of light, giving good yields at home cultivation. Maturing term 22 - 24 days from the emergence of shoots. A rounded root vegetable with a rich color reaches 4 cm in diameter.
The Dutch hybrid is intended for growing in low light conditions and short daylight hours. The diameter of the root crops is 3.5-4 cm in diameter, reaching 25-30 grams of weight. Reaches maturity in 24-26 days from the moment of germination. Read more about this variety in a separate article.
For planting indoors, only special varieties should be used. In greenhouses and greenhouses, the humidity is higher than outside, so plants are susceptible to more diseases.
Super early variety, from the appearance of the first shoots to the harvest, 16-18 days pass... The root crop is round, with a red color of 3-4 cm in diameter. The weight of one root crop ranges from 20-25 grams.
Medium early variety, ripening period 18-22 days from germination. The root crop is rounded, 4 - 5 cm in diameter and weighing 20-25 grams.
Russian variety of late ripening - from germination to harvest 25-30 days. The oval-shaped root crop reaches 5 cm in diameter and 4 in length. Weight ranges from 10 to 20 grams.
For open ground
When grown outdoors, there are no special requirements for the choice of varieties., so you can use almost any.
An early variety for outdoor use. Ripening time ranges from 17 to 25 days, roots are bright crimson. The diameter of the root crop is 3-4 centimeters, the length usually does not exceed 5 cm. The weight ranges from 20 to 25 grams. You can find all the details about this variety here.
The Russian variety has an average ripening period, it takes about 25 days from germination to maturity. A rounded root vegetable with a rich red color reaches 4-5 cm in diameter and a mass of 18-22 grams. Read about the radish called Zarya here.
Czech variety of late ripening. It takes about 40 days from germination to ripening, the root crop is rounded and slightly elongated. The Champion's weight reaches 20 grams, and the dimensions range from 4-5 cm.
Taste: bitter or sweet?
Often a situation arises when a large root crop is bitter or burns. It is commonly thought to be related to size - in fact, bitterness is related to age and variety. If the radish is overripe, it begins to accumulate mustard oils. It is because of this that even sweet varieties begin to taste bitter or burn.
Large-fruited varieties were bred specifically to remove this disadvantage from large fruits. Zhara, Zarya and Globus have a sweet, rich taste. Greenhouse and Champion get a slight bitter aftertaste during ripeness, which is combined with the overall sweet taste.
Important. New varieties of radish are being developed at breeding stations around the world. Since climatic conditions differ, any variety requires zoning - adaptation to local conditions. An unreleased variety may differ in taste, size or color from the original variety. Therefore, when choosing, it is better to give preference to local varieties of the time-tested.
Extra-large radish: description with photo
In addition to large and fairly common varieties of radish, there are super-large ones. Root crops of varieties “Red giant” and “Autumn giant” reach 150 grams in weight and ten centimeters in length.
Bred by breeders of the Far Eastern station in the 50s of the last century. The shape of the root crop is conical, reaches 15 cm and more, the diameter at the rosette is 3-4 cm. According to its characteristics, it is a medium late variety that reaches maturity in 40-50 days.
After reaching maturity, it does not flabby and does not throw out the peduncle, which compares favorably with analogues. Differs in high keeping quality, roots, placed in a dark cool place, can be stored for 3-4 months.
A characteristic feature of the growth of the Red Giant is considered to be late growth - the first 25-35 days the root practically does not gain mass. At this time, a lush rosette of leaves is formed, the root remains thin and weak. After the formation of the rosette, the root begins to fill quickly and by 40-45 days gains a mass of 80-100 grams.
Bred by breeders of the Kuban in the 70s of the last century. The root crop is white, cylindrical in shape - 6-8 cm in height and 5-6 cm in diameter. The pulp is juicy, white, not bitter.
Mid-season variety, ripening period 25-28 days. Unlike most giant varieties, it actively grows above ground level and by the time of ripening sticks out of it by half or more. It is zoned in the North Caucasus region, in other regions it grows worse and shows lower results. When grown in favorable conditions, the mass of root crops ranges from 130 - 170 grams, in central Russia the results are worse - 70 - 100 grams. You can find out about what varieties can be grown in Central Russia and the Moscow region here, and whether it is possible to grow radishes in Siberia and what varieties are suitable for this we wrote in another article.
Other varieties of radish are no less interesting. We invite you to learn about such species that are easy to grow, give a good harvest and delight with their taste. Read about Radish Diego, French Breakfast, Duro Krasnodarskoe, 18 days, Rondar, Sora, Cherriet, Rudolph, Dubel and Sachs RS.
There are a lot of different types of radish, there are not only red or white varieties, but also black, blue and purple varieties. Daikon, a Japanese radish, is worth a separate mention. Therefore, you should not limit yourself only to the above, but try others.