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Many have heard of the Chinese rose, but few know all the intricacies of caring for Cooper's hibiscus (this is the name of the flower in its historical homeland), which will make its flowering longer and brighter. Cooper's hibiscus will surprise all visitors to your home or garden with its unrivaled bloom and amazing leaves.
This article will tell you what temperature, watering, lighting, soil for a plant are required. How to cut it, how to feed it, how to transplant it and in which pot, and also how the plant spends the winter. And, of course, what diseases and pests can threaten the plant and how to get rid of them.
Cooper's hibiscus belongs to the Malvaceae family... It is an evergreen shrub. Flowering lasts from spring to autumn, but flowers last up to two days. Fruiting in capsules with five valves with a large number of seeds covered with fluff.
Cooper's hibiscus belongs to variegated varieties, therefore it is also called variegated hibiscus (you can read about other varieties and types of this culture here).
Reference! The Latin name for the flower is “Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. cooperi ".
At home, Cooper's hibiscus can grow from 70 centimeters to 1.5 meters tall.
Hibiscus Cooper has longer leaves than its counterparts. (can reach up to 10-12 centimeters in length and 3 centimeters in width). There are cream and pink dots on the petals. The plant branches well.
Further in the photo you can see what the variegated hibiscus looks like.
History of origin and geography of habitation
India and China are considered the birthplace of hibiscus... Thanks to the Silk Road, this handsome man came to the Middle East. In European gardens, the oriental rose appeared in the 13th century.
Cooper's hibiscus was introduced to England from New Caledonia by Daniel Cooper and was subsequently named after him.
Today, hibiscus grows in:
- on the islands of Ceylon and Java.
In the summer season, hibiscus will be comfortable in the temperature range of 16-22 degrees.
The hibiscus needs to be watered every 4 days, as the soil must be constantly moisturized. It is better to use water warm and well settled.
Important! Hibiscuses love moisture, so they need to be sprayed daily. If this is not possible, then you can use an electric humidifier.
Hibiscus loves bright light, but it should be diffused. In direct sunlight, he can easily get burned. Therefore, he will like the southwest window or the south one with shading.
Cooper's hibiscus is very sensitive to light and can twist shoots towards it. Therefore, for a uniform shape, it should be periodically turned in different directions to the light source.
Light soils with good air conductivity will do well. A mixture of the following composition is perfect.:
- garden land;
- coarse sand (or perlite);
- wet peat (or humus) in equal parts;
- a little lime.
Pruning is not only needed to shape the small tree, but it also stimulates flowering. Pruning can be done throughout the year.
- In early spring, all shoots are pinched, even young ones.
- After flowering, pinch the tip of the branch. A little later, the hibiscus will start up side shoots with new buds.
- Cut off shoots growing parallel to the main trunk.
- Cut off the branches growing inside the crown.
The first feeding is given 2 months after transplanting, then the hibiscus is fertilized from April to October at intervals of every 3-4 weeks. For Cooper's hibiscus, do not take supplements with a high nitrogen content, since excess nitrogen can negatively affect the flowering and color of flowers.
But the presence of boron, zinc, molybdenum and copper in the composition will have a beneficial effect.
There must be a drainage hole in the pot. Also, with each transplant, it is necessary to take a container a couple of centimeters larger. The size of the pot also affects the appearance of the flower: a large capacity stimulates the growth of the crown, a narrow one - flowering. Ceramics or wood are suitable materials, but in plastic pots, the roots of the plant can overheat.
Plants need replanting every year... Mature plants are transplanted every 3-4 years. If they are very large in size, then you only need to update the top layer of soil in the pot.
- A couple of days before transplanting, the soil in the pot is watered abundantly.
- The plant is pruned.
- A new container with soil mixture is prepared (a quarter of the container volume should be occupied by a drainage layer).
- On the day of transplantation, the flower is removed along with an earthen lump.
- Gently remove with a wooden stick that soil that is not absorbed by the roots.
- Place the plant in a new pot and add soil mixtures.
In winter, the plant is watered less, mainly only in order to avoid drying out the earthen coma. A temperature of about 14-16 degrees will be optimal for hibiscus. You should also rearrange the flower closer to the flower in order to prevent a lack of daylight.
Breeding features for this species
Cooper's hibiscus can be propagated by cuttings or seeds... Seeds are a more difficult and time-consuming method, but even novice growers can cope with cuttings.
When propagated by seeds, the flowering of grown hibiscus will come only after 2-3 years. When grafting - you can admire the flowering after a year. Another advantage of cuttings is that the daughter plants repeat all the maternal properties.
We suggest you watch a video about hibiscus cuttings:
Briefly about diseases and pests
Any violations of the rules of care affect the hibiscus.... In particular, do not forget about watering and maintaining the required moisture: dry soil at a plant can turn into shedding of all buds and leaves.
Of the parasites, aphids are dangerous, which usually affects immature leaves and buds. A spider mite can be seen by a fine web of cobwebs located in internodes. All parasites are destroyed by special means. You can also use soapy water against spider mites.
- Irises have a bizarre shape and will delight the owners of variegated colors, like Cooper's hibiscus.
- Other a representative of the Malvov family - marshmallow - has an almost identical shape to hibiscus.
- Abutilon can also be grown at home, and its flowering continues from spring to late autumn.
- Sidalcea can decorate the garden from mid-summer to September, being a small copy of mallow. Its colors range from white to purple.
- Kitaybelia It has cupped-shaped flowers of a delicate white color. Blooms from July to October.
Cooper's hibiscus is perfect for those growers who want to decorate their home with an exotic handsome man without unnecessary hassle in leaving. An undemanding but adorable flower can be a real discovery for budding flower lovers.
An incredibly beautiful tropical flower, hibiscus has become one of the most popular crops to grow. The varieties and species of this charming plant have a luxurious palette of colors. On our site you can read about the nuances and features of planting and caring for white and pink hibiscus, marsh and terry, hybrid and herbaceous. Meet the handsome Changing and fiery Fireball, as well as the tree-like hibiscus or bonsai.
We suggest you watch a video about caring for Cooper's hibiscus: