We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Feeding various farm animals has always been a pressing problem in agriculture.
Among all known plant crops used for these purposes, fodder beets are the most unpretentious, affordable and optimal for feeding most animal species.
The fodder beet variety "Eckendorf Yellow" was identified as one of the most stable in the external environment and enriched in the composition of dietary fiber, pectin and fiber, which allows it to be confidently used in feeding most animal species all year round.
Feature and Description
The fodder beet "Eckendorf yellow" is a hybrid, mid-season, highly productive two-year fodder variety of the amaranth family with a growing season of up to five months.
The stem is highly developed, reaching a length of 1 m or more.
Leaves with heart-shaped tips, juicy green, grow at an open upward angle. The shape of the root crop can be either round or cylindrical (more common). The more elongated the fruit, the more pleasant the taste. The skin of the fruit is dry, thin, there may be slight irregularities.
The color of the root vegetable ranges from yellowish to deep yellow-green on top, and from milky white to yellow on the bottom. The pulp has a reduced juiciness, a weak beet smell, dense, firm, white. The weight of root crops is from 750 to 3000 grams, the same even fruits grow within the same sowing.
Germination rate ranges from 82 to 97%. At 1 year, a succulent root crop is formed, and a root crop planted in spring forms leaves, stems, flowers and seeds. The yield is 80-90 tons per hectare, with proper care and optimal growth conditions, it reaches 150 tons per hectare.
This variety was cultivated in the eighteenth century in Germany. after numerous studies on the isolation of dominant genes of resistance to unfavorable environmental factors in parental varieties.
Specific long-term testing of plants with their cultivation in special conditions (a certain soil composition, illumination, a range of sowing and harvest temperatures, frequency and abundance of watering, cultivation taking into account the length of the day) made it possible to identify a special unpretentious variety of fodder beet that meets all the requirements of agricultural technicians and farmers, and also possessing an elongated cylindrical shape of the fruit, allowing to achieve the highest yield.
What is the difference from other varieties?
The differences between this variety and the rest are as follows:
- The content of fiber, dietary fiber, iodine, iron ions, potassium, phosphorus is increased.
- High content of B vitamins, rutin and ascorbic acid.
- Expressed resistance to low temperatures and to many diseases of amaranth.
- Possibility to store root crops all year round.
- Optimum gustatory qualities of tops for feeding cattle.
- Easy harvesting due to the fact that as they ripen, the fruits rise above the ground up to two-thirds of the height.
- The variety is not subject to flowering.
- Technical ripeness is easy to determine by yellowing and partial death of leaves.
Advantages and disadvantages
- High productivity and unpretentiousness.
- Optimal mineral and cellular composition.
- Resistance to temperature extremes, seedlings are also resistant to frost.
- Cylindrical smooth fruit shape.
- Long-term storage without changing taste and appearance.
- Suppresses the growth of weeds.
- For the highest yield requires a temperature regime of 18-20 degrees;
- Acidic soil is not suitable for sowing;
- It is necessary to adhere to the rules of crop rotation.
For what and where is it used?
This variety has good feeding qualities., significantly increasing milk yield in cows, which determines its use for feeding mainly cattle, as well as poultry, rabbits. Both the fruits and the tops of the plant are suitable for food. The leaves are also used as a raw material for making herbal flour.
With a milk yield of one cow per 3 tons, about 1 ton of fruit is required. The variety has great agrotechnical value, since after harvesting it leaves behind a land that is free of weeds.
Step-by-step instructions for planting and caring for
- Where and for how much can you buy seed?
Seeds can be purchased directly in stores in Moscow and St. Petersburg, as well as ordered online with delivery. The average cost is 13.5 rubles and ranges from 11 to 16 rubles per 5 grams.
- Boarding time.
Both seeds and root crops are planted in May.
- Choosing a landing site.
The plant belongs to light-loving and thermophilic, therefore, an open place is chosen, illuminated for most of the day.
Good germination is observed when sowing after potatoes, silage corn, and other annual forage crops. It is not recommended to plant this variety after melons, nightshades.
- What should be the soil.
The soil for sowing is chosen loose to a depth of 20-30 centimeters, structured, rich in organic matter. Subject to fertilization and dressing, it is possible to use loamy and sandy loam soils. Acidic soil is unsuitable for sowing.
Sowing is carried out to a depth of 3 cm according to the worked out scheme of 10 x 45 cm. Seeds are planted in specially prepared furrows, in the first days (before seed germination), abundantly moistening the soil. Seedlings appear in about a week.
Sowing is recommended at a temperature of 10-15 degrees. Seedlings can withstand short-term frosts up to minus 3-5 degrees. The optimum temperature for growth is 18-20 ° C.
Watering is carried out no more than 1 time in 7-10 days, after which the soil is immediately cleaned from weeds and loosened with a flat cutter.
- Top dressing.
Feeding is recommended systematically up to 3-5 times during the growing season. They use both natural (manure, compost, ash, etc.) and ready-made mineral fertilizers at the rate of 200 kg per 1 hectare.
When the sprouts have more than 3 leaves, the plants need to be thinned out and the strongest left. To obtain a high quality crop of a variety with a high content of fiber and pectin, when plowing, it is required to introduce semi-rotten manure, compost, wood ash (natural fertilizers are preferred).
A month before the likely harvest, watering is completely stopped.
Roots are usually harvested before the onset of frost (in early October, before the temperature settles below 8 degrees). Harvesting can be done manually, by pulling the tops, or using agricultural technology.
After harvesting, the beets are dried in the sun, cleaned of soil and foliage residues. The fruits are stored in storages or cellars at temperatures from 0 to +2 ° C in order to minimize the loss of water and trace elements, as well as prevent the growth of leaves.
Diseases and pests
The plant is not susceptible to the development of amaranth diseases, but with improper care and excessive watering, pest infestation (downy mildew) is possible.
Manifestation - yellowing and drying of the ground part and the dying off of the plant.
For protection, use mineral fertilizers (nitroammofoski and potassium-based fertilizers).
Composting is required when carrying out the autumn digging of soil... One hectare will require up to 40 tons of fertilizer, wood ash - up to 2 centners.
In order to prevent infection, plant decay, it is necessary to follow the rules of crop rotation and sowing requirements, do not use acidified soil, fertilize it regularly and clean it from weeds.
The mid-season two-year variety "Eckendorf Yellow" is unpretentious and a plant enriched in composition, suitable for most farm animals and birds, as well as affordable and easy to grow and care for, which makes it an indispensable forage crop for a whole year.