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It is not at all difficult to regularly consume self-grown organic tomatoes, even if there is no land for their cultivation. It is quite possible to plant tomatoes on the windowsill, for this you just need to observe some points.
This article will tell you whether it is possible to grow tomatoes on a window at home, how to choose a tomato variety, a place, how to plant tomatoes with seedlings and seeds, how to water and fertilize, prune and pinch, and what diseases and pests can threaten indoor tomatoes.
Is it possible to plant tomatoes on a window for growing at home?
Breeding work is ongoing and has resulted in many hybrid varieties of tomatoes suitable for growing in a flower pot. They are distinguished by their unpretentiousness and productivity.
A huge advantage of such cultivation is year-round, knowing the ripening time, you can easily get a harvest just in time for the New Year's table. The main thing is to choose the right variety..
The disadvantages of such growing tomatoes can be attributed only to the limited planting, especially if the window sills in the apartment are not wide and, of course, home harvests in volume will differ from those collected from open field plants.
Preparatory Activities: Growing Correctly
How to choose a seat?
It doesn't matter which side the window faces, you will still be able to get the harvest.... Hybrids intended for growing on windowsills are adapted to short daylight hours and lack of sunlight.
Tomato is a heat-loving plant, so the temperature near the bushes should be maintained at + 22-25 degrees during the day and not lower than +15 degrees in the evening. Tomatoes are also demanding on air humidity. Especially in the winter version of cultivation, when heating radiators dry out the air very much, which can cause plant disease. The indoor air should be humidified regularly.
Standard and ampel varieties are suitable for the beds on the window.... Such plants do not exceed 35-45 centimeters in height. The best options are:
Refers to dwarf varieties, does not grow above fifteen centimeters. Fruits are sweet - yellow or red, weighing no more than twelve grams. The well-being of the plant is absolutely independent of the length of daylight hours.
The bush is compact, the fruits are sweet, round, weighing twenty grams... If the seeds are sown after September 20th, the first harvest can be reaped by the New Year.
An ultra-early variety, a compact standard plant, 30-40 cm high. Does not stalk, the fruits are red, round.
Important! Potted tomatoes are able to bear fruit for up to five years, gradually decreasing in intensity. The bushes bear fruit as abundantly in the first two to three years.
For growing miniature tomatoes, a regular flower pot is quite suitable.made of plastic. When choosing a diameter, you need to focus on the size of an adult plant.
For planting potted tomatoes, both a ready-made store substrate and a soil mixture prepared by yourself are suitable. This will require:
- humus - 50%;
- black soil - 45%;
- sand - 5%;
How to plant at home: technology from A to Z
- It is best to purchase planting material in a store to be sure of its quality and compliance with the declared characteristics.
- Before planting, you need to sort out empty seeds that are not capable of germinating. To do this, they need to be immersed in salt water for ten minutes and substandard seeds will float up, while healthy ones will settle to the bottom.
- Next, the seeds are soaked for half an hour in a solution of potassium permanganate in order to develop immunity to late blight in future plants.
- After all procedures, the seeds are placed in a damp cloth.
- After the sprouts of the sprouts have appeared, the seeds are sown into the ground, deepening by a centimeter, observing an interval of three centimeters.
- The soil is lightly tamped, cover the container with plastic wrap and put it in a warm place until shoots appear. Small holes must be made in the film for air circulation.
- Seedlings will appear in a week. It is necessary to ensure that the soil is always moderately moist.
- Tomato seedlings dive in the phase of two true leaves.
- To make them easy to separate without damage, watering is stopped two days before the procedure.
- Gently prying the sprout with a spatula together with an earthen lump, it is moved into a new container with soil so that the stem is completely in the ground.
- The soil is slightly compacted and spilled with warm water.
- After a month, during which the seedlings need to be fed with mineral fertilizer, the mature seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place by transshipment.
- Dwarf plants can be planted one at a time in separate pots.
- After disembarkation, you need to maintain a temperature of +18 +20 degrees and avoid exposure to direct sunlight.
Step-by-step instructions for caring for a room crop
Watering and fertilizing
Potted tomatoes respond very gratefully to watering... Moisturizing the soil promotes healthy growth, amicable ovary formation and fruit ripening. Watering is carried out twice a week, without touching the stems. By the beginning of flowering, watering is stopped and resumed only with the appearance of ovaries.
Three weeks after the pick was carried out, special mineral fertilizers are applied for the first time. You need to feed the tomatoes at intervals of two weeks, applying fertilizer on the second day after watering.
Pruning and pinching, pinching
It is imperative to remove shootsformed in the axils of the leaves, that is, pinching. This is necessary for the correct formation of the plant. Not removed in time, stepchildren lead to thickening, take away nutrients and reduce the yield of tomatoes.
Reference! After the main ovaries have formed, you need to pinch the top, and cut off the lower leaves, which have withered during the growth process.
Varieties suitable for growing on a windowsill do not have branching, they have a stable trunk, so they do not need a garter. If, nevertheless, such a need arose, then a peg is stuck into the ground carefully so as not to damage the roots, and the branches are attached to it.
Diseases and pests
- Late blight - a fungal disease transmitted through the air, soil, through seeds and plant debris. Symptoms are dark brown spots on the leaves, eventually spreading to the stems and fruits. Capable of completely destroying crops. For prevention, the method of soaking seeds in potassium permanganate is used even at the germination stage; you can also treat young plants with Bordeaux liquid.
- Blackleg - a fungal disease caused by thickening of plantings and lack of light. The base of the stem turns black, the plants deform, fall and die. For preventive purposes, the soil is enriched with ash and sand. If the disease is already in the active stage, they are treated with fungicidal preparations.
- Septoria- infection occurs through the soil. The lower leaves of the plant are covered with grayish spots with black dots, then the leaves turn brown and dry. Prevention - disinfection of the soil with potassium permanganate, the affected parts are destroyed, and the treatment is carried out using the treatment with Bordeaux liquid.
- Brown spot - light brown spots on the leaves, caused by high humidity and soil flooding. Treatment is similar to septoria.
- Whitefly - a small insect that sticks to the leaf and resembles scales. Poses a threat as a vector of diseases. Applying enough nutrients will promote resistance, and already emerging insects and their larvae can be washed off the leaves with soapy water or dandelion infusion.
- Thrips - insects, traces of vital activity of which appear in the form of dry, falling leaves and dried buds. The fight is with sufficient watering and insecticide treatments.
Growing tomatoes on a windowsill is an opportunity to harvest fragrant fruits, not only in spring or summer, but all year round. This is an exciting activity that brings great pleasure even to those who previously considered themselves far from the topic of gardening. After reading the article, you learned when to plant tomatoes and which varieties to choose for a bountiful harvest.
We invite you to watch a video of growing tomatoes on the windowsill: