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Overview of types of beet harvesters, their pros and cons

Overview of types of beet harvesters, their pros and cons



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In order to grow beets most efficiently, specialized equipment equipped with innovative technologies is needed.

This kind of equipment allows you to work on a larger area of ​​crops and involve less manual labor.

In the article, we will consider general information about the technique for harvesting beets, the types of machines with their characteristics, and also find out which type is better to choose.

General information about the technique for harvesting beets

A beet harvester is an agricultural piece of equipment for harvesting sugar and fodder beets (you can learn more about beet varieties here). Subsequently, the collected products are sent to the processing plant. The harvester is equipped with overhead equipment and a primary processing system.

Varieties of cars

There are several types of combines, which differ from each other in terms of their characteristics.

  1. Trailed. As a rule, these types of combines are used for harvesting beets in small areas, as they have a rather primitive design. Due to the low cost in comparison with competitors, the trailed combine has low productivity.
  2. Self-propelled. Its main feature is the absence of the need for large maintenance personnel. Despite this, the harvester is able to show a high level of productivity without auxiliary equipment. The technical component assures that with a combine of this type it is possible to obtain the maximum efficiency with a minimum level of losses.

Among other things, the harvesters are divided according to the method of collecting beet products.

  • Terebilny. With this method, the roots are extracted from the ground together with the tops. Subsequently, the tops are trimmed in the harvester itself.
  • With a preliminary cut of the tops. With this method, the blades are initially cut to the very root, then special buckets collect the roots themselves.

Table - Characteristics of beet harvesters:

The costModernityThe amount of the processed area
TrailedCheaper than competitorsModern enoughSmall areas
Self-propelledDearModernLarge areas
TerebilnyCheaper than competitorsAlmost never used in modern agricultureNo difference
With a preliminary cut of the haulmDearModernNo difference

Which type should you choose?

The outcome of this choice mainly depends on the size of the field.planted with beets. If it is a several hectare area, for the harvesting of which it is necessary to spend a lot of time and manpower, then you should choose a self-propelled harvester with a preliminary cut of the tops. However, it is expensive and not every farmer is able to purchase it.

If the farmer is ready to spend more time on harvesting, then you can choose a beet harvester with a top-lifting method of accepting beets. If the farmer owns a small field that does not require serious equipment, then the self-propelled harvester can be easily replaced with a trailed one.

Models, their advantages and disadvantages

There are a number of different models of beet harvesters on the market, differing from each other in price, performance and quality.

Holmer

The German manufacturer Holmer has gained its popularity all over the worldbecause it is able to provide customers with a quality product equipped with modern equipment.

Differences from competitors:

  1. Possibility of installing a massive reservoir due to an auxiliary pair of wheels.
  2. The ability to use equipment that has a huge weight due to the triaxial system, which is used in the latest models.
  3. High efficiency and impressive engine power of up to 600 hp allow you to achieve maximum performance.

Disadvantages:

  1. This harvester is not suitable for small fields.
  2. The cost of fuel and spare parts is very high.

Holmer combines are capable of working on rocky surfaces, snow and in areas with a huge amount of weeds. Their job is to get the job done regardless of weather and soil conditions.

CS 6B

This technique can only work in conjunction with other equipment.

It is used for harvesting beets, from which a different technique has previously cut and removed the tops. Each root crop is pulled out of the ground with the help of disc diggers.

Advantages:

  • Possibility of automatic movement.
  • Driving aid system.

Disadvantages:

  • Works only on wet soil, with dry soil difficulties appear.
  • Breaks down quickly.

The harvester cleans the beets and loads them into a trucklocated under the conveyor.

Ropa

This company is also German, which guarantees the quality of the equipment provided.

Advantages over competitors:

  1. Economical fuel consumption, regardless of the amount of the harvested crop. Thanks to the reduced fuel consumption, the farmer will be able to save his money, having considerably saved on refueling the beet harvester.
  2. A variety of equipment can be attached to the technique to help improve harvesting.
  3. There is an option to control the haulm trimming process.
  4. An additional trolley allows you to transport wide-grip attachments along the track without fear of turns and descents.

Ropa combines excellent braking systemensuring the safety of the driver.

Kleine

This company has created combines, taking into account all the subtleties of its purpose. Advantages over competitors:

  1. There is a mounted unit in the design.
  2. The harvester uses wide front tires, which improve the vehicle's cross-country ability.
  3. The driver's cab is located in the center for better visibility.

The presented equipment has not only high productivity and impressive endurance, but also a hopper for receiving root crops.

Which manufacturer should you choose?

If you need a harvester for large-scale production with large areas, then Holmer is the ideal contender. Insofar as it has a high level of power and high efficiency.

If the farmer has financial difficulties, and there is no way to keep expensive equipment, KS 6B will come to the rescue. However, for full-fledged operation, the combine needs accessories that must be purchased separately.

If there is a need to overtake equipment on the highway, then you need to take the Ropa. He needs a small amount of fuel for a comfortable existence on the road.

The low-calorie fortified root vegetable beet, beetroot or beetroot has long and firmly entered human life. Many people know about its beneficial properties. However, few people know that excessive consumption of this vegetable can cause an allergic reaction. Read more about the symptoms and prevention of allergies in children and adults, as well as how and in what form to use beets for nursing mothers, pregnant women, babies and pets - read on our Internet portal.

Features of maintenance and repair

Each beet harvester has its own weak points in the design. Everything depends on the type of combine and its model. The best solution would be to divide the products into imported and domestic ones:

  • Modern samples of imported production are often equipped with various electronic and hydraulic systems, due to which they are more whimsical to service. This technique requires regular maintenance.
  • Domestic products are less whimsical and can be repaired in the nearest garage.

Important! It is necessary to use only original parts, otherwise the equipment may be damaged.

When choosing a combine, you should carefully study its characteristics: advantages and disadvantages, since this equipment is bought for years to come and, with proper maintenance, serves for a very long time and efficiently!


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