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Healing herb gozloborodnik - where is it used and how to prepare raw materials?

Healing herb gozloborodnik - where is it used and how to prepare raw materials?



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Goatbeard is one of the most useful plants growing in the wild.

Possessing many useful properties, it is used in medicine, cooking and cosmetology.

You will learn more about this outlandish plant from this article, and you can also look at illustrative photos.

What it is?

Goatbeard is a plant that belongs to the genus of annual, biennial and perennial herbaceous plants of the Astrov family. It got its name due to its appearance. Its faded basket with unripe fruits resembles a goat's beard.

Botanical description

Goatbeard is a plant whose stems are either single or branched. Leaves wide at the base taper towards the top.

The inflorescence has the shape of a basket, growing at the ends of the shoots. The yellow or violet-pink flowers are exclusively ligulate. The basket contains 5 stamens, the anthers are collected in a tube. The one-nested inferior ovary is single-seeded. There is only one column, the stigma is bifurcated.

Plant height ranges from 40 to 130 cm... The root is straight, conical. In length it reaches up to 50 cm in length and 4 cm in diameter.

Blooming goatbeard begins in June and lasts about a month.

Goatbeard fruit is achene. The seeds are shaped like sticks with fluffy tufts and are carried by the wind. They retain their germination capacity up to 3 years.

Where does this herb grow in Russia?

The most widespread in Russia are the meadow goat, reed and eastern... They grow mainly in meadows and forest glades of the European part of Russia, the Far East, Western and Eastern Siberia.

The dubious goatbeard species is found in the steppes, on the steppe slopes, sometimes in weedy places, fallow lands and forest edges.

The main range of the Siberian species exists in Siberia and Udmurtia.

And here large species on the territory of the Russian Federation is not widespread, except that it is rarely found in the European part of Russia.

The chemical composition of the most common species

LugovoiDoubtfulOrientalSiberianPorousLarge
PhosphorusNitrogen-free extractProteinVitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9, C, D, E, KProtein substances 0.9-1.3%Folic acid
IronFatty oilVitamins of group B, P, CAlimentary fiberMineral saltsManganese
MagnesiumVitamin CMilky-like juice resembling rubberActive carbohydratesSugarCopper
ZincPantothenic acidCelluloseFatsInulinCellulose
SeleniumVitamin B6Bitter milky juiceRiboflavin
CalciumPlaminAsh componentsSelenium
InulinSodiumPolyunsaturated fatty acidsSodium
Vitamins PP, C, B2, B6, B5, B9Vitamin B6
Potassium

Types, their useful properties and contraindications, photo

Lugovoi

The useful properties of the goatbeard include:

  • The richness of its roots is inulin, which is effective in the fight against diabetes. Also, this trace element promotes fat burning processes, normalizes glucose levels and carbohydrate metabolism. It is broken down only in the intestines and leads to the growth of beneficial bacteria.
  • Meadow species contains a fifth of the daily dose of potassium, which enhances the strength and elasticity of the heart muscle and other muscles of the body.
  • A whole complex of PP vitamins improves blood circulation, stimulates the brain, lipid and lipid metabolism.

Contraindications for goat beetle may be:

  1. individual intolerance to some components;
  2. allergy;
  3. not recommended for use by lactating and pregnant women; children under 3 years old.

Further, a video about the meadow goat and its beneficial properties:

Doubtful

  • In terms of nutritional value, it is not inferior to cultivated vegetables.
  • Contains a large amount of starch, inulin and proteins.
  • The dried leaves of this species work well as a healthy soup dressing.

Contraindications are similar to those of the meadow goatbeard.

Oriental

  • Its flowers contain glucose, nectar, sucrose and fructose, and the seeds contain fatty oil.
  • A decoction of the roots of the eastern goatbeard is useful for treating leucorrhoea, hysteria, gonorrhea and rheumatism.

No contraindications have been identified to date.

Siberian

  • It stabilizes blood pressure, reduces the load on blood vessels, and also prevents the formation of blood clots, strokes and heart attacks.
  • It is useful in the diet of patients with diabetes mellitus.
  • It is able to solve many problems of the digestive system (constipation, indigestion).

Not recommended for use by people with pronounced allergic reactions.

Porous

  • Iron and copper, which are contained in this type of goat breeds, improve blood circulation.
  • Stimulates hair growth thanks to a complex of B vitamins.

To find individual contraindications, you should consult a specialist.

Large

  • A root poultice of this type is useful against bee stings.
  • Tea made from it is recommended to reduce profuse urination, relieve abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea.

This type should not be used only in case of exceptional intolerance to vitamins and individual microelements such as protein, plamin.

Procurement and storage of raw materials

Goatbeard raw materials can be found on the market, but they are very rare. If you get it in the wild, then you should choose young plants.

  1. The roots are dug up in late autumn. Slightly salted cold water will be an excellent storage place for them. So the peeled root will not turn black, but at the same time will lose its bitterness.
  2. The stems and leaves should be well dried out of direct sunlight. It is necessary to store these blanks in a tightly closed container and in a place protected from moisture.

Application

In cooking

Basically, the roots of the goatbeard are eaten. Less often - leaves and stems, which are chopped into salads.

  • Chopped roots are added to soups. Especially in Italy and Spain, stewed and steamed roots are served as an independent dish or as a side dish for meat and fish.
  • From the ground and roasted roots, a coffee substitute is obtained.

In cosmetology

  1. Boiled gruel from finely chopped roots and aerial parts of this plant is used as face masks. Masks are very nutritious, relieve facial skin irritation and allergic reactions.
  2. The leaves and stems of this plant are effectively used as an anti-dandruff rinse. And also for nourishing the hair roots.

In medicine

The use of goatbeard in folk medicine is very popular. This weed:

  • Endowed with wound healing, antiseptic, antiscorbutic actions. Its trace elements normalize digestion, stimulate the intestines, prevent atherosclerosis and heart disease.
  • A decoction of the roots of this plant is used as an expectorant for bronchitis, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract. The course of treatment lasts about 1-1.5 weeks.
  • As a diuretic and choleretic agent, goat is irreplaceable. In case of diseases of the kidneys, urinary tract, liver, it is recommended to insist the roots in cold water, after adding a little vinegar there, and then boil them until soft. The broth should be drunk until the symptoms of ailments are eliminated.
  • He wounds and ulcers are used by the aerial part of the goatbeard. The leaves have a pulling ability for swelling of the skin.

    Milky juice has a wound healing effect in abscesses, ulcers, purulent wounds.

In gardening

Due to its exceptional and useful properties, goatbeard is often grown by gardeners. This is done for two purposes: either for the use of this plant in medical tasks, or as a beautiful decoration for a summer cottage garden.

A wide variety of herbs grow in the wild. They are often called weeds when they appear in the garden. But the scientific study of these weeds proves that they can be not only edible, but also very useful. Kozloborodnik is a vivid example of this.


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