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Bright summer - growing marigolds in your favorite garden

Bright summer - growing marigolds in your favorite garden


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Marigolds are a plant named for their flowers, whose petals resemble velvet fabric. Their homeland is South and Central America.

Due to its characteristic features, it grows in many countries, in particular on the territory of Russia and the CIS, and is distinguished by abundant flowering from June to the first frost. This article describes in detail the process of growing marigolds.

How to grow?

Landing

There are two ways to plant marigolds - seeds and seedlings.

In open ground

In most regions, sowing seeds of marigolds in open ground is carried out in May-June, in the absence of the threat of repeated frosts. The appearance of the first shoots can be observed on average after 1-2 weeks, and the first buds after a couple of months.

For sowing seeds in open ground, longitudinal furrows are made with a depth of no more than 1 cm. It is advisable to distribute the seeds at an equal distance from one to the other.... You can use both dry and pre-soaked in potassium permanganate (to accelerate the emergence of shoots). Sprinkle with a thin layer of soil and water gently, avoiding washing the seeds out of the soil.

To accelerate seed germination, you can cover the bed with foil.

It is necessary to take into account the climatic conditions of each region and the date of seed collection (up to 2 years) indicated on the bags purchased from garden stores.

What types of marigolds are suitable for open ground, read here.

For seedlings

Planting for seedlings is carried out in the first decade of April in a previously prepared container (container), using special soil, subject to a temperature regime of 15-20 degrees, indoors. From germination to flowering, it takes from 40 to 50 days, depending on the variety.

For seedlings, it is necessary to prepare a container with a pallet, tweezers for even distribution of seeds. The soil for seedlings must be pre-treated with a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate. Distribute the seeds evenly into the prepared grooves and cover with soil, paying attention to the fact that the sowing depth should not exceed 1 cm, lightly sprinkle with water from a spray bottle.

Cover the container with seedlings with a lid or cling film and put in a bright place, the room temperature should be 15-20 degrees. Watering should be moderate to avoid water accumulation in the pan.

When the first shoots appear (5-7 days), remove the cover. After the appearance of 2 leaves, they are transplanted into cups, or into special seedling containers.

When the first shoots appear, hardening (daily airing) is necessary, but drafts should be avoided.

Soil preparation

For sowing marigold seeds in open ground, a bed (flower bed) is prepared in advance:

  1. dig up;
  2. leveled and added fertilizers (superphosphate).

The soil should be well moistened and loose; the following land mixture is also suitable:

  • peat;
  • humus (or compost);
  • washed sand.

It is advisable to choose a sunny place for sowing seeds and seedlings, although it is possible and darkened, but in this case the flowers will be small and the flowering itself is not so abundant.

Site selection and scheme

The choice of a place for growing marigolds depends on the purpose: it can be either a decorative flower bed to decorate a personal plot, or a garden bed with vegetables (tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants, basil, etc.) to protect against aphids, Colorado potato beetle, etc. In this case, marigold seedlings should be planted around the perimeter of the garden. Rose gardeners use marigolds as a natural protection against aphids.

To transplant to a permanent "residence", you need to wait for 2-3 true leaves, planting according to a scheme depending on the variety: undersized varieties - 20x20, tall ones - 40x40.

When planting seedlings in the soil, the depth of the hole must correspond to the length of the root, after which the hole must be watered and the seedlings should be planted, the height of which should not be less than 15-18 cm (low and fragile seedlings can be destroyed by slugs).

Plant care

These plants do not require special care, from time to time you need to remove weeds, weed and loosen the soil.

Watering, weeding, loosening

Despite the fact that this plant is quite drought-resistant, it needs regular watering before the first buds appear, but as soon as the marigolds begin to bloom, the intensity of watering must be reduced, since it is during this period that the plant is prone to decay. Watering is best done either early in the morning or after 6 pm.

Mulching, feeding and pruning

To protect the root system and dry out, mulching with sawdust is used, placing them during planting in open ground around the flower. Marigolds are very unpretentious plants and live on any soil where there is no stagnant water, but, if desired, 1-2 times per season you can feed with organic and mineral fertilizers, applying them to each plant.

For more intense and long-term flowering, it is necessary to remove faded peduncles.

Disease and pest control

  • The most common marigold diseases are root rot and black leg. To prevent blacklegs, seeds and soil must be pickled with fungicides before sowing, and when watering young seedlings, use a weak solution of potassium permanganate. In the absence of a positive result, the affected plant must be removed, the ground around the unaffected plants must be sprinkled with wood ash or perlite.
  • Unfavorable conditions can contribute to the development of root rot. Therefore, do not forget about the timely weeding and loosening of the soil, avoid excessive watering and stagnant water.
  • If the plants have underdeveloped buds or lack of seeds, this is a viral disease that does not respond to treatment. Therefore, it is better to remove a plant with such signs.

Pest control methods are different:

  • from increasing humidity to the use of special chemicals for spraying ("Aktara");
  • from cultivating the soil around flowers with ash mixed with lime to hand-picking, for example, slugs and snails.

Thanks to such qualities as fast growth, unpretentious care, abundant flowering and the ability to repel many garden pests, marigolds can be considered one of the most beloved and demanded plants that are widely popular around the world.

We offer you to watch a video about growing marigolds:


Watch the video: Flowers no dig for summer, tips on planting and care (July 2022).


Comments:

  1. Muhsin

    I agree with her

  2. Berhanu

    I apologize, but I think you are wrong. I offer to discuss it.

  3. Carraig

    You rarely see a good post on this topic, few people want to dig so deep, I liked your opinion

  4. Ethelbald

    Really and as I have not thought about it earlier

  5. Paul

    exactly, you are right

  6. Pendaran

    I agree with her

  7. Hueil

    Excuse for that I interfere... To me this situation is familiar. Is ready to help.



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