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All about the tiger orchid: how to grow and make it bloom at home?

All about the tiger orchid: how to grow and make it bloom at home?



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Every person who has seen a tiger orchid at least once in his life will no doubt say that she won his heart. This flower, despite its tropical origin, has settled in many greenhouses.

From this article you will learn about the history of occurrence, origin and existing varieties of exotic, as well as tips and advice on care, prevention of various problems and diseases at home.

History of origin, origin, place of residence

The name "Orchid" comes from ancient Greece. A disciple of the ancient Greek philosopher Plato gave this flower the name "Orchis", and the name "tiger" orchid was given due to its "predatory" color. The place where the orchid appears is considered to be South America, but later the flower was spread to other countries.

Flowers require a temperate climate, temperatures around + 22 ° C.

Appearance: detailed description and photo

The tiger orchid is the most famous type of flower in the genus of orchids. Her leaves are either oblong or broadly lanceolate. The lower part of the leaf is covered with small brown spots. Duration of flowering is 1 month.

The color of the flowers varies between white, yellow and red with small splashes.

A distinctive feature is the presence of serrated callous outgrowths, which are located immediately at the base of the lip. It is white with a cream shade, has single red spots, its shape is round. At its base is a fleshy crest.

The peduncle is curved, grows from the axils of the lower layer of leaves, and its length is about 30 cm. The number of flowers can be up to 9. The diameter of the flower is 15 cm. Sepals are lanceolate with a curved edge down, their color is yellow with large brown stripes. Occasionally, you can see flowers with reddish brown flowers.



What's the Difference?

The most important distinguishing feature of the tiger orchid is its memorable coloration, which gives the flower an unforgettable look.

Varieties

Grammatophyllum speciosum

It is also called giant orchid, royal orchid or sugarcane orchid. Listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the tallest orchid in the world. Its height reaches 25 feet (7.62 meters). Habitat - Indonesia. Each brush has up to 80 flowers, and its length is up to 3 meters. The flowers are yellow with dark spots.

The lowest flowers have no lips. This means that they function as osmophores (special glands in plants that give off scent), attracting pollinators.

The orchid blooms every 2-4 years for two months.

Maxillaria cucullata

Habitat - from Mexico to the south of Panama. Flowers are solitary, small, growing on short petioles. The petals and sepals are curved. The lip has a distinct callus, its central part protrudes slightly. Papillae (small warts, peculiar glands) and lip trichomes are of great variety.

Rossioglossum grande

Habitat:

  • Panama.
  • Mexico.
  • Honduras.

Inflorescences are lateral, non-branching. The perianth leaves are slightly set back. The flowers are large. They are yellow in color with brown spots. The lip has the shape of a peculiar shell, has a protruding callus.

Bloom

When and how?

The blooming of the tiger orchid lasts on average for 3 months, 2 - 3 times a year.

The buds open gradually. This process is quite fast, it takes about 24 hours.

And in just a day you will be able to admire a beautiful flower.

Care before and after

  1. Care before flowering - moderate watering is important. The substrate must have time to absorb water and dry. Casting must be sprayed from a spray bottle. Reduce the amount of fertilizer.
  2. Post-flowering care - for growing plants after flowering, it is necessary to create conditions for it with low humidity, and bright lighting is also important.

What if the plant doesn't bloom?

The tiger orchid is a very delicate and rather whimsical plant that requires close attention. Even just moving a flower from one window sill to another may not be favorable for him.

If the movement cannot be avoided, then you need to look at which side of the flower the sunlight fell and put it on this particular side of the sun on another window sill. The orchid should be on the sunny side. This, first of all, is the key to a beautiful flowering.

You need to know the age of the flower. Usually, tiger orchids bloom at the age of one and a half to three years. If the age of the flower has not yet reached a year, then you should not expect flowering from it.

Stressing the plant can cause it to start flowering. To do this, it is enough to move the pot with the plant to a cool place, or by stopping watering for a while.

Home Care Tips

  • Choosing a place. The choice of the location of the flower in the house is, perhaps, one of the most important components of flower care. The tiger orchid should be placed exclusively on east and south facing windows.
  • Preparing the soil and pot. Orchid mail can be purchased in a special store, or you can do it yourself.

    To do this, you will need:

    1. Moss. The best time to harvest is spring.
    2. Pine bark. You can collect it at any time of the year. Bark should be taken exclusively from fallen trees or at their foot. Thickness - about 2. see. Never take pieces that have been damaged by bark beetles.
    3. Fern roots. They contain a bunch of nutrients that orchids need.
    4. Other constituent components. These ingredients can be walnuts or charcoal.

    By mixing all of the above ingredients, you get a great post for growing a tiger orchid.

  • Temperature. The room temperature should not exceed +30 ° C. Also, it should not be too low. The room should be regularly ventilated and kept at the ideal temperature for the orchid. During the day + 20 + 24 ° C, and at night + 15 + 18 ° C.
  • Humidity. In the hot season, the plant must be periodically sprayed with a spray bottle, but this should not be done in cold weather. Otherwise, the orchid may rot.
  • Lighting. The tiger orchid needs an abundance of sunlight.
  • Watering. Over-watering should be avoided. This plant will take root better in drought conditions than in excessive humidity. It is recommended to irrigate twice a week in summer, once a week in winter.
  • Top dressing. You should not fertilize an orchid if:
    1. 1 month has not passed from the moment of her transplant;
    2. the plant is damaged by insect pests;
    3. during the period of active flowering.

    Water the plant before feeding the orchid. This is necessary to completely wet the root.

    Top dressing is divided into:

    1. foliar;
    2. sheet.
  • Transfer. The rules according to which the transplant should be carried out:
    1. transplant strictly in a non-flowering state;
    2. the roots of the plant should be placed in a new pot, gradually pouring the substrate there in parallel;
    3. all rotten roots are removed with a knife;
    4. plant slices are washed with warm water, powdered with activated carbon;
    5. after transplanting, the orchid should be watered, this will help secure the plant in the pot.

How to propagate?

  • Method 1. Consists in the branch of the basal baby. In the future, a new orchid can grow from it.
  • Method 2. There is a separation of the baby on the orchid peduncle. They can be found on dormant kidneys.

If your orchid is dead, then do not rush to throw it away. On her "hemp" you can find 1-2 children, from which you can easily get a new plant. They accept separation and transfer with ease.

Diseases and pests

If the tiger orchid receives an insufficient amount of fertilizer, then it can begin to form growths, which will quickly complete their growth.

The most common orchid pests:

  • Shield. May appear due to dry air and slow down plant growth. Get rid of the scabbard with the help of special chemicals.
  • Pemphigi. Pemphigi are whitish insects. The reason for their appearance may be dry air in the room. They damage the leaves of the tiger orchid. Eliminate pemphigi using soapy water or special chemicals.
  • Aphid. The insect is black with a greenish tint. They are the cause of the appearance of fungi or viruses on the plant. They appear due to a violation of the temperature regime in the room where the plant is located. Get rid of aphids with a milk-water mixture.

Prevention of various problems

Prevention from:

  • Brown rot - the orchid is sprayed with copper sulfate raster once a month.
  • Anthracnose - it is recommended to periodically ventilate the room, the air humidity should fluctuate from 40 to 70%. The air must circulate into the room and not stagnate.

    When watering, you should remove the water from the axils of the leaves with a napkin.

  • Powdery mildew - the plant is sprayed with phytosporin.
  • Gray rot - use special preparations to combat gray rot. They will increase the plant's resistance to disease.

This is an amazingly beautiful plant that has won the hearts of many flower growers. The tiger orchid is difficult to get hold of, difficult to care for, but all the work is worth the result that you end up with when it blooms. It is considered to be the most beautiful orchid in the world.


Watch the video: Orchidomania Presents: How to Grow Orchids from Seed (August 2022).