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The orchid, a beloved tropical beauty by many, takes pride of place among the inhabitants of the home flower garden. Its flowers from afar resemble a flock of butterflies perched on a twig.
Many novice florists are interested in the life expectancy of this plant. From this article you can find out how many years an orchid lives, and whether it is possible to extend its lifetime.
What does it depend on?
The life span of this beauty depends on several factors:
- type and grade;
- conditions of detention.
Let's start with the latter.
- Transfer. For a good and long life, the orchid needs a transplant every 2-3 years, since over time the soil is depleted, ultimately, without changing it, the plant may die. In the wild, all the necessary nutrients are supplied to the flower from the environment.
- Adequate amount of nutrients. Saturation with nutrients is just as detrimental to the lifespan of phalaenopsis, as is their lack.
By constantly stimulating flowering and growing green mass, you can destroy the plant.
- Diseases and pests. Some of their species can destroy the orchid in a very short time, causing rotting of the roots, leaves and growth points.
The average life span of a flower in nature and at home
With ideal care, phalaenopsis will delight its owner for up to 10 years., however, the average life span of a flower at home is 6-7 years, since domesticated species often live in a state of complete or partial non-compliance with the conditions of their maintenance.
In the wild, the orchid lives for a very long time, its life span is comparable to that of a human (60-80 years). This happens because the natural habitat has all the conditions for a comfortable and long life of a plant.
Does the plant variety affect the lifespan?
The current orchids living on our windowsills are mostly represented by hybrids obtained by selection. This removal can unexpectedly affect the lifespan of the plant.
Two orchids of the same species can behave very differently. One flower can live for ten years, while the other will die in a year. So that the duration of the existence of phalaenopsis depends on genetics.
How to find out your age?
In fact, there is no exact way to determine the age of an orchid, but you can roughly understand a young or adult plant in front of you.
The more leaves and the longer the stem, the older the flower. Also on young phalaenopsis, the leafy trunk is short.
Care of young and old plants - is there a difference?
A favorite flower, regardless of its age, requires proper care - timely watering, transplanting, feeding. This also applies to the orchid. Whether for a young or an elderly phalaenopsis, it is necessary to maintain conditions conducive to the life of the plant.
The only difference in grooming between orchids of different ages is that a young flower should not be replanted until after it has finished blooming.
Flowering and pot life - what's the difference?
Many people who are not versed in floriculture confuse these two concepts.
- Flowering period - this is the period from the launching of the arrow by the orchid to the dropping of the inflorescences. The duration of flowering can vary depending on the experience of the owner of the flower. For a beginner, this process can last 2-3 months, while for an experienced grower, this period can last up to 6-7 months.
- And the life of the plant much longer, since it includes periods of flowering, when the orchid pleases with its inflorescences, and periods of rest, when the plant is resting.
Is it possible to rejuvenate and how?
Yes, it is possible to rejuvenate an orchid, but before doing this, you need to make sure whether the plant needs this procedure. Phalaenopsis, which vitally needs to rejuvenate, looks like this:
- aerial roots do not form on the root collar, but high on the trunk;
- "Runs away" from the pot, rising from it and falling on its side.
- due to the need for a rejuvenation procedure, the orchid can "get stuck" for a long time in the dormant stage, and during the flowering periods its inflorescences are small and scarce;
- before rejuvenating a plant, you need to make sure whether it really needs this procedure, since it is associated with cutting and re-rooting, which does not always go well and painlessly.
Step by step instructions on how to update
- Preparation of materials and tools:
- pruning shears or sharp gardening knife;
- additional pot with holes in the walls and at the bottom;
- clean cloth napkin;
- ground cinnamon or brilliant green;
- Soil preparation for rerooting. The substrate can be bought at the store, or you can cook it yourself, here are some options:
- 3 parts pine bark, 1 part fern roots, 1 part perlite;
- 5 parts of pine bark, 1 part of sphagnum moss;
- 3 parts pine bark, 1 part coconut fiber, 1 part expanded clay;
- 4 parts pine bark, 1 part charcoal, 1 part sphagnum moss.
- Splitting an old orchid:
- treat the cutting tool with alcohol;
- remove the orchid from the pot;
- free the roots from old soil and inspect them;
- trim off all empty and dry roots;
- determine the place on the trunk of the plant where you will make an incision;
- cut the flower in half in one quick motion.
The split plant does not need to be replanted immediately. It is necessary to dry it on a napkin for a day, treat the cut sites with brilliant green or ground cinnamon, thereby reducing the risk of infection.
- Transplanting the cut parts into new soil:
- a day after separation, prepare the soil by mixing its ingredients in a container convenient for you and slightly moisten it with water;
- place the orchid pieces in different pots and cover them with the substrate.
In order not to damage the roots, do not press or tamp the substrate when pouring, just tap on the walls of the pot. There is no need to deepen the bush, transplant the orchid so that the root collar is on the surface above the ground.
From the video you will learn how to rejuvenate phalaenopsis:
In conclusion, I would like to say that the life expectancy of your phalaenopsis depends entirely on you - you need to approach the care of the plant responsibly, as well as treat it with love.