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The health of any plant depends on many factors. Orchids require special care, which is why flower growers often have difficulty maintaining their well-being. If the plant has enough nutrients and it receives all the necessary conditions, lush flowering and a healthy appearance are ensured.
But what if the orchid flowers suddenly start to wither and dry? If you determine the causes in time, you can save the plant, and also avoid the recurrence of the problem in the future.
Why do buds dry up?
As a very moody flower, an orchid can go into survival mode and stop blooming for a variety of reasons. Depending on the situation, you will need different ways to save your pet. So why did your plant have dried flowers and buds? There are only a few main reasons:
- Stress due to a transfer or relocation.
- Lack of moisture.
- Excess moisture.
- Improper spraying.
- Improper watering.
- Lack of light.
As you can see, there can be many reasons for an orchid to feel unwell. In order for the plant to become healthy again, you need to find out as early as possible why the orchid flowers began to dry, and start taking rescue measures.
Danger to the plant
Orchids do not adapt well to adverse conditions... Drying flowers can be the first sign that a plant is in urgent need of help.
If you ignore the alarming symptoms, the orchid can not only stop blooming, but also die.
By creating the right conditions, you can enjoy the orchid bloom almost all year round.
Eliminating the cause
First thing you need to understand why the orchid feels bad... Only after that you need to start acting, because any wrong action can aggravate the situation and greatly harm the flower.
All types of orchids are thermophilic. They can tolerate temperatures up to 40 degrees well, but if the room temperature drops to 15 degrees, the health of the flower will deteriorate.
As a rule, it is rarely colder in an apartment. But hypothermia can be caused by:
- transportation of the plant;
- working air conditioner.
Due to the cold, the root system of the orchid can even get sick, which is much more dangerous than dumping the flowering.
- Try to rule out all possible causes of hypothermia.
- Do not bathe the plant in too cold water.
- Do not ventilate the area immediately after watering or spraying.
Abrupt change in conditions of detention
Many indoor plants experience stress when changing surroundings. This can be due to moving, or due to transplanting to another pot, or even moving to another room.
Orchids are particularly emotional... If this is the reason that causes the flowers to dry out, just leave the orchid alone and keep it comfortable. After a while, the plant will come to its senses and begin to bloom again as before.
Often, after buying an orchid, at first, its appearance deteriorates sharply. No need to throw away the flower. This is a normal situation and the plant just needs to get used to the new conditions.
There is one common mistake that leads to the fact that the flowers of an orchid fade. In no case should you spray flowers... Experienced flower growers advise avoiding spraying the orchid altogether, but if the air in the room is very dry, for example during the heating season, irrigate only the leaves of the plant.
Choose a spray with small droplets, as large ones can harm orchids. In addition, it is important to spray the flower from a distance of about 20 cm. This will make the droplets even smaller and will be easily absorbed into the surface of the leaves.
Excessive or insufficient moisture
Dry indoor air causes the flower to dry out and wither. And it all starts with the fact that only the buds dry out. In general, people suffer from low humidity, so this can be an excellent reason to start a humidifier. Or place a tray with wet sand or expanded clay next to it.
In no case should you begin to spray the entire plant, as well as the air around it. Excess moisture is no less harmful than lack of moisture.
In nature, orchids are protected from the sun by the foliage of trees, which the plant uses as a support. But in indoor conditions it is important to protect the flower from direct sunlight in summer. Regular overheating leads to the fact that the roots of the orchid begin to dry out and soon the flower begins to experience a state of dehydration. Usually, an orchid not only withers the buds, but also the leaves dry.
To save the plant, move it away from sunlight, but in a bright place. The orchid needs a light shade, as if under the crown of a tree or in slightly cloudy weather. You can't put a flower too close to the batteries.... The heating season is dangerous because orchids can be overheated and dehydrated at the same time.
Lack of light
Plants need sunlight for proper development. Surely you have noticed that with the onset of autumn, the exotic beauty stops abundant flowering and falls into energy saving mode.
To make the orchid feel good, it is recommended to install special lighting (phytolamps) for it. Also, the plant can be helped by turning it towards the light, since orchids do not know how to do this on their own, unlike sunflowers.
This is the most common mistake that often ruins flowers. For watering the plant, you need to use only purified soft water at room temperature. Plain tap water is absolutely not suitable! It is advisable to boil water for irrigation or pass it through a filter.
Remember that the soil should not be too dry or, on the contrary, too wet. We need a middle ground. Watering must be stopped if water begins to flow into the pan, which means that there is already enough liquid for the plant. Morning is considered the most optimal time of day for watering.
It is not necessary to pour water in a continuous stream, as this can damage the root system. Use a watering can or the method of dipping a flowerpot into a bowl of water. The plant will take as much water as it needs, so this method is considered the most suitable for orchids.
Important! With excessive watering, the roots of orchids begin to rot. It is very difficult to treat a plant affected by rot, and it often dies. It is much easier to prevent this problem than to cure the flower.
Preventing the recurrence of the problem
To prevent the orchid from shedding its buds, it is enough to follow the rules of proper plant care:
- If during the heating season it is not possible to remove the flower from the battery, cover it with a damp cloth. Buying a humidifier is also a good solution for the winter.
- In winter, light the orchids in the evening for at least two to three hours.
- Don't put orchids on the windowsill in summer. Better to place them on a table near a window or any other surface. The flower loves good natural light, but not direct sunlight.
- Reduce watering when you notice a peduncle forming. But when the bud starts to bloom, return to normal mode. The plant should not be deficient in moisture.
- In the period before flowering, it will be helpful to feed the orchid so that the flowering is abundant and lush. When it blooms, it will no longer give the desired effect.
Orchid is a very delicate and beautiful flower and if not properly cared for, it can dry out. Read our resources on the possible causes of root, stem and leaf drying, as well as find out what you need to do to save the plant.
The climate greatly affects the well-being of any flower. But your exotic guest will feel great, even in temperate latitudes, if you take care and arrange competent care. Then the orchid will certainly delight you in return with its delicate and fragile flowers, which are so popular with all lovers of indoor plants.