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Now orchids can be grown by both experienced and novice growers. These plants are extraordinarily beautiful and, with proper care, can bloom for a long time.
At the same time, some species may also have a pleasant aroma - among these, Phalaenopsis Liodoro is especially popular.
Further in the article you will find a detailed description of this beautiful plant, as well as read about the care and reproduction of this type of orchid.
History of origin
The sophistication of flowers, a long flowering period, these and other features are inherent in this hybrid. In 1982, the American company Orichid Universal officially registered this orchid species under the name Phalenopsis Sweet Memory, the author of which is believed to be Rex Smith. Later in the 90s, the plant received the currently used name Phalaenopsis Liodoro.
Phalaenopsis Devertiana and Violacea were used as "parents" when crossing.
reference... In nature, the ancestors of this species can be found on trees and between stones in the tropical forests of Malaysia, and Phalaenopsis Violacea also on the northern coast of Australia and China.
According to botanical characteristics, Liodoro is a medium-sized orchid - in height, together with a peduncle, it reaches about 70 cm.The size, shape and color of leaves and peduncles, this hybrid borrowed from Violacea.
Plant has oval or elongated leaves slightly wavy along the edge with a rich light green color. They are located on both sides of the main stem, and their sizes are small - up to 25 cm in length and up to 12 cm in width.
The plant must be handled very carefully, especially during the growing period, since its leaves are soft and delicate and can easily be injured.
Phalaenopsis has one or more peduncles up to 50 cm long, which hang neatly under the weight of the flowers. They can grow for a long time, while new buds will form on them, so you should not rush to cut off the drying peduncle.
This hybrid borrowed flowers from Phalaenopsis Devertian... They are quite large in size up to 7 cm and resemble a star in shape and consist of petals and sepals of a wide oval shape.
The color scheme of this species is diverse - shades of pink, purple, yellow, and small blotches are red, the intensity of which directly depends on the conditions of the flower.
Also Liodoro flowers have a light pleasant sweetish aromareminiscent of lime or lily of the valley, which is why this hybrid is so in demand among flower growers.
The intensity of the scent is related to the surrounding conditions, so some growers can enjoy it, for example, only in the morning or evening hours, and some throughout the day.
The flowering period of the Liodoro orchid can be 2 years. Such a duration of this period is ensured by the fact that the flowers open alternately in groups of 3-5 pieces, and at the same time, until all the blossoming buds wither, the new group will not open. For this feature, the hybrid was nicknamed "revolving".
What is the difference from other types of orchids?
Florists choose Phalaenopsis Liodoro for its main features:
- Alternating group opening of the buds, which increases the flowering period to 2 years.
- The flowers have not only an amazing color, but also a pleasant sweetish aroma, which can be felt depending on the conditions of detention at different times of the day.
- Liodoro is the only orchid species that has an oblique peduncle. for the rest, it is only erect.
Varieties and subspecies of orchids, photo
The Liodoro orchid variety has a subspecies - Phalaenopsis Amber. Plants of this subspecies have the following distinctive features:
- its stem is slightly shortened, and the root system is airy with thick roots;
- leaves are denser, saturated green with slight waviness along the edge;
- the peduncle is formed twice a year;
- the shape of the flowers is more rounded, but the petals are also slightly pointed;
- the color of the flowers themselves is a rich purple-burgundy;
- flowering is accompanied by an intense aroma;
- with proper care and conditions, Amber will live for 15 years.
Below is a photo of a flower.
For the grower, the flowering period of Liodoro is the most pleasant.
When and how do the buds appear?
This orchid variety has a fairly long flowering period. - in some cases it can be about two years. It is due to the alternate blooming of groups of buds that such a duration of flowering is ensured.
At the same time, the buds can open at any time of the year - everything will depend on the conditions for caring for the flower. In order for the flowering to last longer and plentiful, the flower must be given special care.
Important! Liodoro practically does not need a dormant period, since the plant can release a new peduncle as soon as the faded one dries up.
Care before and after
Since the presence of flowering and its duration will depend on the conditions of keeping this phalaenopsis, then it is important to know the main features:
- Use warm soft water for watering. Water the flower only during the daytime, avoiding getting water into the outlet, otherwise the roots will begin to rot.
- Provide a small difference in daily temperature (about 5 degrees), with a daytime temperature of about 25-27 degrees.
- The lighting should be diffused, but there should be a lot of light.
- Before and after flowering, it is enough to apply fertilizers once a month, while during flowering it is necessary 1 time in 10-15 days.
What if it doesn't bloom?
Mainly to look for the reason in the absence of flowering Liodoro should be in the conditions of the flower. Pay attention to the following points and correct if necessary:
- There is no difference of about 5 degrees between day and night temperatures, so at night you can remove the plant in a cool place.
- The flower does not have enough daylight or is in direct sunlight. In this case, you should move the phalaenopsis and shade it from the sun with a newspaper.
- Cold water is used for watering or watering is done frequently.
- After the transplant, Liodoro needs to adapt within six months.
Sometimes after flowering, the plant needs a little rest (during a year). A young flower may take up to two years to recover.
Also, if the plant is healthy, then you can give it a “shake-up” for a short time (a couple of months) in the form of a change in climate, drought or top dressing with chemical fertilizers (succinic acid, “Epin”), while choosing only one method.
Step by step instructions for home care
It is the proper care of this hybrid that will ensure its timely and long-lasting flowering at home.
The homeland of the "parents" of this orchid variety is the tropics, so it needs a lot of good daylight, for example, southern windows, southeastern and southwestern windows are allowed.
Additional artificial lighting may be required in winter. Also light should only be diffused, i.e. shade the plant if necessary.
Preparing the soil and pot
For beginner growers for this species, it is better to purchase ready-made special soil for orchids in the store.
For self-preparation of the soil you will need in equal parts:
- sand (coarse);
- crushed bark;
- cork chips.
It is better to lay a drainage layer on the bottom.
A transparent pot is perfect for monitoring the condition of the root system., predominantly with smooth walls, so that the roots do not grow into them. But the flower will grow well in both ceramic and flat containers.
Like any plant native to the tropics, Liodoro needs temperature control:
- in the afternoon - 22-25 degrees;
- at night - 18-22 degrees;
- the daily difference is about 5 degrees.
The plant is negatively affected by: prolonged low temperatures, drafts and sudden temperature changes.
For this hybrid it is very important to maintain the required humidity level - at least 50%, otherwise the flower will stop blooming and begin to fade. To provide such moisture, you should either periodically spray the orchid or put a natural humidifier next to the pot - a container of water.
It is not recommended to greatly increase the humidity, as this will contribute to the development of diseases.
Phalaenopsis Liodoro needs a significant amount of diffused daylight - at least 12 hours, therefore in winter, you should use additional artificial lighting... Also, the flower must be protected from direct sunlight with newspaper or paper.
This type of orchid loves to keep the soil moist, but you should not fill the flower, it is even better to dry it sometimes.
Use water that is soft and warm., melt or rain is perfect. The flower can be watered either from above, but so that the water does not get into the outlet, or by immersion for 10 minutes, but after the pot should stand a little so that the excess water drains.
Liodoro needs fertilization only during active growth and flowering. It is better to use special fertilizers for this type of orchid. You need to add them once a week and you do not need to overdo it with their concentration.
reference... You can not apply fertilizers, but change the soil every 2 years.
After purchasing, phalaenopsis must be transplanted only if it is planted in Sfagnum moss.
If the soil is compacted, dries poorly and the plant begins to ache, then this is a signal of the need to renew the soil, which is recommended for this hybrid once every 2-3 years. It is necessary to carry out a flower transplant after the end of the flowering period..
How to propagate?
Florists distinguish two ways of propagation of this plant:
- Seating children... After the baby appears on the orchid, it should be sprayed more often. When the baby has roots, it must be carefully cut off, having processed the cuts with crushed charcoal, planted in a separate container and provided with proper care.
- Vegetative... The roots should be divided into several parts, taking into account the fact that each part will have at least two bulbs, and planted in prepared pots. The divisions also need to be treated with crushed charcoal. You need to take care of such seedlings as well as an adult flower.
Diseases and pests
In almost all cases, the cause of the onset of the disease is non-observance of the basic rules in care:
- frequent watering;
- high humidity;
- untimely soil change and others.
The most dangerous and common pests on this hybrid are:
- Different types of rot (brown, gray, black, root). The affected areas must be removed, and the plant must be treated with fungicides.
- Shield has signs such as pseudobulbs formed on the leaves. They need to be removed, the soil changed, and the plant treated with Fitoverm.
- Schervets, which appears in the form of white lumps on the peduncles, is removed with a damp cloth, and the flower is treated with Fitoverm.
- Whitefly it is removed only after all parts of the plant have been completely treated with soapy water and then with Actellik.
Prevention of various problems
The main prevention of various diseases of the Liodoro orchid is compliance with the basic rules of care.
Also plants are not recommended to be placed close to each other, this leads to the rapid reproduction of pests and infection of all plants.
Among the long-flowering varieties of orchids, Phalaenopsis Liodoro occupies a leading position. Also, a feature of this flower is a pleasant sweetish aroma emitted by the opened buds.
A prerequisite for a long and abundant flowering period is proper care and the necessary conditions of detention.