Top reasons why an orchid has fallen off flowers or buds. Step-by-step instructions for saving a plant

Top reasons why an orchid has fallen off flowers or buds. Step-by-step instructions for saving a plant

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A beautiful orchid, delighting others with an abundant bright outfit, suddenly begins to lose it. "What is the reason, what to do in such a situation?"

The article describes in detail for what reasons abscission can occur, which of them are natural, and which speak of improper care or diseases and pests, as well as information on how to help the plant save its beauty, various folk and chemical means of prevention are given.

Flowering features

The orchid begins to bloom at the age of 1.5-2 years, when 5-8 leaves have formed on the stem.

Blooming too early is undesirable: it will be difficult for the plant to regain strength, and it may die.

The orchid can bloom profusely for up to 7 years. After that, flowering is reduced to 1-2 months, and it is not possible to prolong it, despite careful care. In this case, the rejuvenation of the plant is required.

There are several phases in the development of an orchid:

  • The growing season begins with the formation of a new shoot - leaves and root system grow.
  • During the dormant period, new buds and peduncles are laid.
  • In the flowering phase, the plant consumes energy.
  • This is followed by a period of rest, restoration of strength and accumulation of energy for a new flowering.

The flowering phase usually lasts about three months and begins in the fall. With the right content, a strong plant can give flowering arrows even in spring, having time to replenish its strength. Peduncles can appear three times a year. With good care, orchids can bloom for more than 8 months.

What can accelerate the withering process of buds?

The shortened flowering time and the rapid natural wilting of the buds may be influenced by the age of the orchid. In older plants, the buds will wither quickly. In plants of active age, the acceleration of bud wilting can occur when:

  • Rearrange the flower pot from its usual place.
  • Insufficient lighting.
  • Sudden fluctuations in temperature.
  • Close proximity to radiators in winter.
  • Violation of the watering schedule.
  • Excessive or low air humidity.
  • Pollination of flowers by insects flying from the street.
  • Exposure to ethylene from ripe bananas and apples lying next to the orchid.

When is dropping natural and when is it not?

The flowering of an orchid begins with a smooth and slow opening of the bud, located closer to the end of the peduncle. First, the side and upper petals unfold, and then the lip and the whole flower open. This happens during the day.

The flower flaunts for 2-3 days. Then it withers, dies and falls off. This is a natural process. Earlier, the flower that opened first falls. With a sudden discharge, the flowers wither and fall chaotically, regardless of the beginning of the opening of the buds.

Important! To track the development of flowers, it is better to choose plants with barely opened buds when buying.

Why it happens: the main reasons

When an orchid quickly sheds buds and flowers, one should think about why this is happening. It is necessary to analyze the system of plant care in order to help it and protect it from death. Common reasons:

Temperature violation

Orchids are sensitive to temperature changes and shed flowers when:

  • Hypothermia. Inflorescences die at temperatures less than + 5 ° C. A cold window sill in winter can provoke a shedding of buds.
  • Overheating from direct sunlight or radiators in winter. This injures the roots and dries out the soil.
  • Sudden changes in temperature. A decrease of more than 4 ° C is a signal of the end of the flowering period.
  • Drafts and excessive ventilation.

Insufficient lighting

Orchids grow buds with the growth of daylight hours. The development of buds requires more and more light. If there is not enough sunlight, the buds will fall off.

The orchid grows best on light oriental windowsills.

On the southern windowsills, the flowers are shaded from the direct rays of the sun. Orchids also grow on the northern windows, but they need additional lighting. In winter cloudy weather, orchids are illuminated with fluorescent lamps up to 10-12 hours of daylight hours.

Low air humidity

The most comfortable air humidity for a blooming orchid is at least 60%. With a decrease in humidity to 50%, not only the discharge of buds begins, but also a general deterioration in the condition of the plant.

Humidity increases in one of the following ways:

  1. Place open bowls of water next to the plant.
  2. In the morning, spray the leaves and roots with water.
  3. Arrange a small fountain or an automated humidifier.
  4. Place the orchid pot on a pallet of damp expanded clay.

When placing the pot on a pallet with expanded clay, the bottom should not touch the water in order to prevent root rot from waterlogging.

Improper watering

Overdrying and waterlogging of the soil are detrimental to the orchid. The soil in the pot should be slightly damp, but not wet.

The presence of diseases and pests

An orchid may appear:

  • Gray rot - gray spots are formed on the lower part of the plant. The disease can be caused by waterlogging of the soil, hypothermia or overdose of nitrogen fertilizers.
  • Root rot - manifested by the browning of the leaves, softening of the roots, which cease to provide the plant with moisture and nutrition. Treat with drugs "Fundazol", "Topsin". Processed 2-3 times after 20 days.
  • Mealybug - the foliage turns yellow, a white fluffy bloom forms in the sinuses. The worm is removed with soapy water, and then the plant is sprayed with an insecticide.

Step-by-step instructions: what to do to save the plant?

To save the plant, you need to know what to do next with the orchid if all the flowers and buds have fallen off.

With blossoming flowers

  1. Isolate the plant from other potted crops.
  2. Carefully examine the leaves, sinuses, root areas. If signs of disease or pests are found, treat them.
  3. Provide comfortable temperature conditions: 20-24 ° С during the day and 15-18 ° С at night.
  4. Increase air humidity if it is insufficient.
  5. Maintain soil moisture, avoiding overdrying or waterlogging.
  6. Eliminate drafts.

With unblown buds

  1. Isolate the plant.
  2. Carry out a thorough inspection of all parts of the plant. If pests or signs of disease are found, treat the orchid.
  3. If the pot has been moved, return it to its original place in the same position.
  4. If there is a lack of light, equip additional lighting with a fluorescent lamp.
  5. Analyze the irrigation schedule and correct in cases of dehydration or overflow of the substrate.
  6. Provide plant nutrition, paying attention to the phosphorus-potassium ingredients.
  7. Check the temperature regime.
  8. With increased dryness of the air, organize humidification.

The use of folk and chemical agents for prevention

To extend the flowering period, growers use home remedies.

Attention! All folk dressings are used in low concentration solutions. Their shelf life is less than a week.

Banana peel infusion

Banana peel contains substances that are useful for the formation of flower stalks.

Fertilizer preparation:

  1. The dried peel of one banana is chopped.
  2. Pour the mixture with one liter of warm water, insist for 2-3 days.
  3. The mixture is filtered, diluted with settled warm water in a ratio of 1: 2.
  4. The orchid is gently watered with the resulting infusion.

Onion peel decoction

Onion fertilizer stimulates the formation and growth of flower ovaries.

Onion fertilizer is prepared:

  1. The husk of one onion is poured with a glass of water.
  2. Boil for 10 minutes over low heat.
  3. Insist 1-2 hours, filter.
  4. Flowers are watered with diluted water until a light shade with a decoction of room temperature.

Potato fertilizer

Potato infusion stimulates bud formation and root growth. Pour boiling water over the peelings from several small potatoes, leave for half an hour, filter. The resulting composition is watered with a temperature of 35 ° C.

For feeding orchids and extending flowering time florists recommend using preparations:

  • "Greenworld" - for root feeding and spraying.
  • Bona Forte - complex fertilizer that stimulates re-flowering.
  • "Kemira-luxe" - most popular with flower growers.

The ongoing feeding of orchids provides the necessary nutrients not only to the peduncles, but also to the entire plant, giving it vitality and strengthening the immune system. A strong healthy plant does not shed flowers and buds.

Strict adherence to all the rules for caring for an orchid prevents the shedding of buds and flowers. A healthy plant in comfortable conditions will bloom for a long time and profusely, delighting everyone with its unusual outfit.

Watch the video: How to get your Phalaenopsis orchids to flower again (July 2022).


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