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Plants of the Geraniev family attract gardeners and landscape designers for their decorativeness, ease of care, and long flowering.
One of the species in the family is Robert's geranium. This article tells about the features of this type of flower, the pros, cons and growing conditions.
There you will also find a description, breeding history, all the differences of the species from other varieties, as well as bright and colorful photos of this interesting plant.
Botanical description and history of selection
Geranium Robert (lat.Geranium robertianum) belongs to the Geraniev family... It is an annual or biennial rhizome herb. The height of the stem is from 15 to 60 cm. The surface is covered with hairs and glands. Stems are straight, branched at the top.
The lower leaves have long petioles. The leaves are pinnately bipartite, deeply dissected, covered with adpressed or lagging hairs. The upper leaves are trifoliate. In autumn, the foliage turns red.
Sepals ovate-lanceolate, narrowed to a long point, have glandular hairs. Geranium-type flowers, quintuple, are located on two long pedicels. The petals are pink, 1-1.5 cm long, with rounded edges. Ten stamens. The fruit has a beak-shaped shape, when ripe it is divided into five single-seeded fruitlets.
Geranium Roberta is of natural origin... There are no cultivars.
Grows in shady forests, in humid places among rocks. As entered - in parks and near dwellings. Areal:
- European part of the former USSR;
- Middle Asia;
- Western Siberia;
- Western and Eastern Mediterranean;
- listed in North America.
Description of appearance
Geranium Robert is easily recognizable by its strong peculiar smell.reminiscent of musk. The aroma becomes especially sharp if you rub the leaf in your hands. The average height of the bush is 30 cm. The villi give the stem a red tint.
Leaves are pinnate, carved. Thanks to this form of foliage, the plantings look delicate and elegant. They look especially impressive in autumn, when they turn red.
Flowers about 2 cm in diameter are located on two peduncles. Five petals of a pink or pale purple hue have longitudinal white stripes. The edges of the petals are rounded. By autumn, a fruit is formed that resembles the head of a crane with a beak..
Roberta's geranium reproduces by self-seeding. The seeds germinate well.
Below is a photo of the appearance of the plant:
Distinctive features, advantages and disadvantages over other varieties
Geranium Robert differs from other members of the Geranium family in appearance, one-year or two-year life cycle, seed propagation. It has advantages and disadvantages.
- Loves the shadow... This allows you to use it for landscaping shady areas of the garden, to fill bare areas.
- Self seeding... This quality will be appreciated by gardeners who cannot devote much time to reproduction and annual planting of flowers.
- Decorativeness... Thanks to its feathery, bright green leaves, Robert's geranium can be used to create compositions in landscape design. She will bring lightness and freshness. Can serve as a perfect backdrop for brighter colors.
- Long flowering period... This species pleases with flowers from June to September.
- Red foliage in autumn... When many crops are blooming, Robert's geranium will be a decoration of the garden, adding bright spots to it.
- Cold resistance... Even severe frost is not terrible for this species. Withstands up to -40 ° C.
- Healing properties... Geranium Robert is used as an anti-inflammatory, hemostatic and antiseptic. It is suitable for replenishing the pharmaceutical garden.
- Pungent peculiar smell... The smell is caused by the high concentration of essential oils. The scent may sound unpleasant. The people called Robert's geranium a stinker or a stinky stork. If you do not touch the plant, then the smell is imperceptible.
- Self-seeding can also be regarded as a disadvantage.... When ripe, the seeds are scattered over a large area. Shoots that have sprouted in the wrong place can be perceived as a weed.
Important! Geranium Roberta is suitable for free-style flower beds. If the flower garden is strictly decorated, then the self-seeding of the plant must be taken into account.
Before planting this variety in the garden or in the country, you need to evaluate all the pros and cons.
Growing tips and rules
When choosing a place for planting Robert's geraniums, the growing conditions in the wild are taken into account.
Lighting and location
Geranium Roberta - a dweller of the forests... The best place for her would be a shady corner of the garden.
Having tenacious roots, it is suitable for growing on an alpine slide, in rockeries, on other sites with a slope.
A prerequisite is protection from direct sunlight... Bright lighting is acceptable in the morning and evening hours. At noon, the bushes should be shaded. Geraniums are not suitable for wetlands with high humidity. Prefers medium humidity and moderate temperatures.
The soil should be loose, well-drained, excluding stagnant water. Root decay will begin on the flooded area.
Geranium Roberta loves slightly acidic and neutral soil. Add peat, gray forest soil or leaf compost to the substrate.
Ripe seeds are harvested in late summer and early autumn. They can be sown in open ground immediately, then the sprouts will appear before frost. But it is preferable to plant seeds before winter, in slightly frozen ground.
In this case, the shoots will form in the spring under favorable conditions. For point planting of individual bushes in flower beds seeds are sown in March-April in a nursery with subsequent transfer to a flower bed.
Step-by-step planting instructions
- Prepare a substrate of humus, peat and deciduous compost. Pour into a pot or box.
- Sow seeds. Considering good germination, sowing is not too thick.
- Moisten the soil.
- Place glass on top of the drawer.
- When the first leaves appear on the sprouts, remove the glass.
- Dive and plant the sprouts in separate containers.
- Transplant the grown bushes to a prepared place on the site.
- Water abundantly for the first two days. Loosen the soil after watering so that a crust does not form.
Features of care and reproduction
Caring for Robert's geraniums is not difficult. She is sensitive only to stagnant water and direct sunlight. Care features are associated with the fact that it is an annual or biennial variety.
Plant care is as follows:
- Loosening the soil in the spring.
- Application of complex mineral fertilizers or wood ash.
- Weeding until foliage appears.
- Watering as needed. Plants are watered in the first two days after planting, and then - when the soil dries out.
- Pruning old shoots once a season. This will allow for renewal and may cause re-flowering.
- Protection from pests. Geranium Robert is rarely sick.
- When infected with powdery mildew, the affected leaves must be cut off and burned. Treatment with colloidal sulfur or a five percent solution of Bordeaux liquid will help.
- When infected with a fungal infection, they are treated with fungicides.
- Removal of wilted aerial parts in autumn and mulching with compost or sawdust.
Geranium Roberta is propagated by seeds that ripen in a capsule. They self-spray abundantly. Seed germination is very good. It can be difficult for gardeners to get rid of unwanted plants.
Geranium Robert is an unpretentious plant... Without the need for careful maintenance, it is suitable for weekend gardeners who leave the cottage for a long time. With the help of this variety, shady corners of the garden are planted, where light-loving crops cannot grow. Light openwork bushes will fill the voids between trees and shrubs and become a suitable backdrop for brighter cultivated flowers.
This view will decorate an alpine slide. Having medicinal properties, it will replenish the pharmaceutical garden.