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Coleria (variants of the name - kaleria or cochleria) is a herbaceous perennial plant of the Gesneriaceae family, the main advantage of which is an unusually luxurious and long flowering.
Despite its tropical origin, this flower, which can decorate the most sophisticated interior, is completely undemanding to care and maintenance. Even a novice florist can handle it. More details about what varieties and varieties are in the article.
Plant species: description and photo
Currently, over five dozen species of this plant grow in the wild. In indoor floriculture, predominantly color varieties of hybrid varieties are widespread, characterized by greater decorativeness, unpretentiousness and better adaptation to home conditions (how to grow color at home?). Consider them in the photo.
The natural habitat of the smallest variety of cochleria, the bushes of which rarely reach 30 centimeters in height, are the steep slopes of the Ecuadorian mountains. Its main features:
- Straight, without lateral branches, flower stems are covered with many soft whitish villi.
- The surface of the elongated lanceolate leaves, reaching 7 cm in length and 2 cm in width, is colored dark green and speckled with silvery and light green veins. The reverse side of the leaf plates has a pale pink color.
- On long (up to 6 cm) peduncles, a large number of buds are formed.
- Small (up to 1 cm in length) flowers, resembling bells, have a white (with a yellow core) tube, light yellow petals with light purple strokes and a light throat covered with chocolate specks.
The period of active flowering, during which the koleria bush becomes like a bright cap, is observed in early autumn.
Its distinctive feature is the presence of a very pleasant and persistent sweetish aroma.
Hot Colombia is considered the birthplace of this tall (at least 60 cm in height) species of coleria. It is characterized by:
- The presence of erect single stems.
- Oval-shaped pubescent leaves with a pronounced reddish tint.
- Bright (mostly red or orange) color of tubular flowers that do not have the usual corolla expansion.
Foxglove color, one of the largest species, has:
- Straight (drooping over time) stems reaching 80 cm in height.
- Ovate-oblong large (up to 15 cm long and up to 8 cm wide) opposite leaves.
- Many single flowers that form in the leaf axils and have a bell-shaped corolla with a 5-centimeter tube and five petals bent outward. On the outside, the petals are white and covered with purple stripes; from the inside they are light green in color and many dark purple dots.
All parts of the plant are densely covered with a large number of white villi, which makes it seem fluffy.
The height of the coleria is pleasant - another native of the Colombian mountain ranges - no more than 60 cm. This species is characterized by:
- The presence of reddish or light green, densely pubescent stems.
- Opposite arrangement of ovoid dark green leaves, decorated with red-brown veins and silvery lines (their length is 10 cm, width is 3). The color of the seamy side of the sheet plates is several tones lighter than the outside.
- The presence of flowers of the axillary type, outside with a slight pubescence. The color of the outer side of the corolla is scarlet, with barely noticeable purple streaks. The pharynx is white. The folds of the petals are densely strewn with specks of crimson, purple or cherry.
Kaleria blooms can last for almost 12 months.
The natural habitat of Calaleria is the rainforests of Central America. Its lush bushes, capable of growing up to 40 cm in height, have:
- Straight stems with dense pubescence, consisting of innumerable white villi.
- Slightly pointed dark green leaves with a bronze tint and a reddish edge along the border and on the seamy side.
- Spectacular flowers, the corollas of which are painted in bright scarlet on the outside, and on the inside - in sunny yellow with frequent burgundy specks. A graceful yellow stripe runs along the contour of all petals.
The homeland of the fluffy-flowered calale is Mexico. This plant, reaching 50-60 centimeters in height, has:
- Increased velvety. Its leaves, due to the dense fleecy pubescence, have a surface that resembles soft plush.
- Emerald or dark green leaves with burgundy edging around the edges. Their length does not exceed 7 cm.
- Its flowers, similar to large (up to 5 cm in length) bells, bent downward, outside can be painted in bright shades of orange or red. Their inner surface is yellow and pinkish. The petals are decorated with a generous scattering of sunny yellow, pink and dazzling white specks and strokes.
A plant of this species, capable of blooming throughout the year, is famous for its undemanding care. It is this quality that makes it an ideal flower for keeping in urban apartments.
In its natural environment, the Bogotka koleriya grows on rocky soils of North American forests. This herbaceous perennial, which produces erect, 60-centimeter shoots without lateral branches, is characterized by:
- White or red pubescence of the stems.
- The presence of slightly pointed wide leaves, which have an oval-heart-shaped shape and a serrated border along the edges. An interesting feature of the silvery-green leaf blades is the presence of a white cannon running along the veins.
- In July, red-yellow buds, strewn with many burgundy specks, appear on pubescent five-centimeter peduncles. Luxurious flowering continues until mid-autumn.
Drooping axillary flowers (up to 2.5 cm long), located in pairs or singly, have a corolla surrounded by a large number of velvety villi and an orange-red tube, densely pubescent outside. Its inner surface is smooth, painted yellow, mottled with purple spots, strokes and dots.
Description of popular varieties
In indoor floriculture, the most common varieties are those that do not require complex care.
The photo clearly shows the entire palette of colors of this amazing plant.
The Swedish variety, bred 18 years ago, is characterized by the presence of:
- Beautiful leaf blades, painted in a grassy green color.
- Large yellow flowers with creamy pink petals, densely dotted with crimson strokes and specks and have a bright fuchsia border around the edges.
American hybrid variety (author - Patrick Worley), bred in 1982. Its distinctive features are represented by the presence of:
- Erect strong stems.
- Decorative, sloping downward, velvety leaves, painted in emerald tones, with a beautiful bronze coating and scalloped edging along the edges.
- Large (at least 5 cm in length) flowers with red-burgundy tube-bells and amethyst petals with a white limb, decorated with rows of large maroon specks, merging into spectacular stripes.
Luxurious flowering of compact bushes of this variety, characterized by a combination of spontaneity and geometry in the color of the flowers, is observed all year round.
A hybrid variety that stands out from a number of other colerias with the darkest color of flowers: large, velvety, with tubes painted in beetroot-lavender tones. The snow-white petal cuffs and white throat showcase a spectacular splash. Composed of countless dark purple dots and streaks.
At the edges, the petals are decorated with a very thin stroke of pale pink color.
Luxurious flowers look great against the background of small oblong leaf plates, painted in bright green.
An unusually delicate variety that amazes with the sophistication and beauty of the flower arrangement. Its distinctive features are presented:
- The presence of slightly inclined dark green leaves.
- Many bright pink flowers with a white throat and light pink petals, the white lapels of which are decorated with pinkish edging and strewn with many bright beet-colored specks.
Another compact hybrid obtained by the American breeder Patrick Worley. He possesses:
- A large number of dark green leaf plates directed downward, with pubescence and serrated edges.
- Densely pubescent large flowers with dark red tubes, ruby petals covered with a speck of dark cherry dots and stripes and a pinkish-white pharynx, from which thick red rays radiate.
- Kaleria Roundelay is the owner of compact bushes with an equally compact root system.
- During the flowering period, a lot of orange-pinkish bell flowers with a snow-white throat and petals appear on it, the limbs of which are painted white and strewn with a spray of different-sized pink spots.
Srg s persian carpet
A relatively new variety, it was obtained by the Romanian breeder Serzh Saliba in 2013. It is characterized by the presence of:
- Green velvety leaves, decorated with a red border and small teeth.
- Red-crimson large flowers with a yellow throat and petals, the yellow limbs of which are dotted with many burgundy peas and have a spectacular crimson edging.
With proper care, compact, fast-growing bushes will grow neatly, forming a lush cap, and flowering will be especially long and abundant.
An extraordinary variety of breeding varieties of coleria is ensured by interspecific crosses.
- A compact variety, pleasing with an abundance of large pink flowers with a light throat and petals covered with countless purple specks.
- Brown streaks are clearly visible on the elongated leaves.
Undemanding care is the reason for the incredible popularity of this variety among fans of indoor floriculture.
Elegant bushes of "Vivian" koleria have:
- Small dark green leaves.
- Flowers of medium size, painted in bright pink. The white limbs of the petals, which have a wide edging with tiny dots, are covered with pinkish specks and strokes.
A bush covered with red-orange flowers that have petals, the limbs of which are dotted with many dark dots, will delight its owners with long-lasting luxurious flowering. The beauty of the flowers is especially noticeable against the background of bright green leaves, decorated with a spectacular red border.
Quite a rare variety with bright orange flowers, whose petals on the lapel are decorated with the smallest cherry specks, effectively standing out against a golden background. The two upper petals, painted in pinkish-lilac tones, have a cherry speck. The brownish pubescent leaves have a velvety surface.
A plant, all aerial parts of which are covered with a thick soft downy. Spectacular flower lanterns, hanging from erect stems with drooping bright green leaves, have elongated pink tubes, bright yellow throat and petals with white cuffs decorated with pink strokes and cherry dots. Unshaped bushes can grow very tall.
An incredibly decorative variety (by Mike Kartuz), bred in 1974, characterized by luxurious and long flowering. Features:
- The compact bushes of this truly sunny plant are literally strewn with bright yellow flowers. The lapel of each petal is decorated with red strokes and dots radiating from the throat in the form of rays.
- Moderate green leaf plates, the edges of which are indented with many small teeth, are very different from the color of all other varieties.
A properly tied bush can give the impression of a beautiful bouquet consisting of a large number of spectacular flowers.
Having familiarized themselves with the characteristic features of the most popular varieties, lovers of indoor floriculture will be able to choose exactly the option of a flower that is ideal for a particular interior.