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A hybrid of an exotic plant - a green orchid. Types, care, photos

A hybrid of an exotic plant - a green orchid. Types, care, photos



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Today, hundreds of hybrids of orchids of various colors have been bred for home maintenance.

This article describes the most popular green orchid varieties with photos of the beauty. It also outlines the features of care that must be adhered to in order to grow such an exotic plant at home, including common diseases and pests.

Description

Depending on the species, a green orchid flower forms racemose or spike-like inflorescences. Sepals are made up of three or more identical petals in pale green or light green shades, and one completely different petal.

This petal forms the lip - a part of the perianth with two or three fused petals. In green orchids, this part of the flower is contrastingly different from the rest of the petals - it can be lilac, yellow, green, streaked, with specks. There is nectar inside the lip.

Leaves are dense and leathery. Depending on the variety, there may be one or more monochromatic or variegated leaves on the stem.

The root is an organ that participates in the process of photosynthesis together with foliage, nourishes the plant with water and minerals.

Varieties and their photos

For flowers, green is an unusual color. It is rare in nature. And among the hybrids there are varieties, the photos of which can be seen below:

  • phalaenopsis "Bellina";
  • papiopedilum "Lady's slipper";
  • Cattleya "Green Garden";
  • cymbodium "Sessa Green Beauty".

On the market, to achieve the desired color, the plant can be colored by injecting paint into the growing point or peduncle. As a result, the plant can be poisoned with toxic paint components and it can die. But even if it survives, it will acquire its original white color.

Phalaenopsis "Bellina"

Phalaenopsis "Bellina" - refers to the monopodial type of growth, that is, it has one growing stem with one apical growth point. The arched peduncle reaches a length of 15 cm... Refers to the "revolving" type of flowering - several flowers fade, the peduncle lengthens and new ones appear. The flowers are fragrant, white-green, up to 7 cm in diameter.

The lip is triple, 2.8 cm long, has a purple color. The plant is monopodial, forms a bush of 3-7 elliptical leaves with pointed tips. It blooms at any time of the year. Does not need a rest period.

On the video you can see how beautifully Phalaenopsis "Bellina" blooms:

Paphiopedilum "Lady's slipper"

Paphiopedilum "Lady's Slipper" - got its name "Lady's Slipper" because of its interesting shape: the lip is in the shape of a woman's shoe, or slipper. The green variety has a pale lip with dark green veins. The flower is 8 cm in diameter.

Has a very light, subtle aroma.

"Slipper" forms a rosette of 6-8 leaves, elongated-lanceolate. Peduncles are straight, 15-25 cm long. There are 1-2 flowers on one peduncle. It blooms at any time of the year except summer. Does not need a period of rest.

Cattleya "Green Garden"

Cattleya "GreenGarden" - large flowers with a diameter of 7-9 cm, yellow-green color with a purple lip in the form of a spoon. Leaves are leathery, long elliptical, 18 cm long. This variety belongs to the sympodial. Flowering occurs from mid-August to late October. After flowering, the plant is watered less, put in a cool place - a dormant period begins.

Cymbodium "Sessa Green Beaute"

Cymbodium "Sessa Green Beaute" - flowers are large, 6-7 cm in diameter, green, there are red spots on the white lip. The plant is sympodial, forms pseudobulbs, covered with 2-5 pairs of leaves, which can reach 65 cm in length. Blooms from August to February. Does not need a period of rest.

Care

Lighting and temperature are important factors in caring for these hybrids.

Night temperature is mandatory for these orchid varieties - it should be at least 6-8 degrees below daytime.

They need bright lighting, can tolerate direct morning and evening sun, but plants get burns from direct sunlight. With a lack of light, plants do not bloom.

Watering is best done with a hot shower. - the water should have a temperature of 30-35 degrees (maximum - 52 degrees). This method is close to natural conditions and has a beneficial effect on plants. For some varieties, for example, "Lady's Slipper", after watering, it is important to wipe the leaves with a dry cloth, especially if the water has got into the core. Water only when the soil is dry.

When watering, stagnation of water in either the pot or the pan is unacceptable. This will lead to rapid decay of the roots and bottom of the plant. This applies to all types of green orchids described below.

They do not need a dormant period for flowering. If flowering has stopped, growing conditions need to be reviewed, especially lighting and temperature.

Top dressing

Throughout the year, it is necessary to apply fertilizer at every third watering. Use fertilizer exclusively for orchids.

The composition of the fertilizer should be as follows: nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus in equal proportions. In another case, you can alternate: the first feeding - a higher nitrogen content, the second - a higher phosphorus content.

For some varieties, for example the Green Garden Cattleya, the concentration should be halved, since the roots of this hybrid are very sensitive to potassium and phosphorus salts.

You can also carry out foliar feeding, but in a very highly diluted form. It is best to alternate between two methods: root and foliar.

Fertilizers for indoor plants that are not intended for bark-based soil cannot be used categorically - most of the salts will settle as a dead weight on the substrate and create an environment unfavorable for the root system.

Transfer

Transplant hybrids as needed: compaction and salinity of the substrate, an increase in the volume of the root system.

Transplant in early spring.

If wounds are formed on the roots during transplantation, then the plant is not watered for the first 3-5 days and is not fertilized for the next three months.

Reproduction

At home, reproduction occurs vegetatively by the formation of lateral shoots - children: from "dormant" buds on peduncles or on the stem of a plant (lateral processes). The appearance of children is influenced by a humid (80-90%) and hot (+30 degrees) climate. When the roots of the babies reach 5 cm, they are removed from the mother plant and planted on their own. This is how the Bellina phalaenopsis reproduces.

Can also be propagated by dividing an adult bush. Each part must have at least three pseudobulbs. You can also propagate with an old leafless pseudobulb, even if it has no roots. It is planted separately in the moss, placed in a greenhouse, and watered by spraying. Thus reproduce:

  • Paphiopedilum "Lady's slipper".
  • Cattleya "Green Garden".
  • Cymbodium "Sessa Green Beaute".

Pests and diseases

By its appearance, you can determine the state of the plant. A healthy orchid has firm, green, waxy leaves. The roots should be free from rot. The peduncle is strong.

If the plant turns yellow, its leaves have become shriveled, flowering has stopped, then mistakes were made in the care. Green orchid varieties are no exception. Improper care of them can lead to the following problems:

  1. flowering problems (insufficient lighting, dry air, plant hypothermia, draft, non-optimal watering regime);
  2. leaf problems (sluggish due to damage to the root system; cracks in the middle of the leaf due to mechanical damage, rare watering or excess nitrogen; growths due to sunburn or heat burn, or fungal disease; silvery leaf color due to pests; marbled color of leaves from - for a viral or fungal infection);
  3. root system problems (root rot due to too wet plant content; excess fertilizer; fungal diseases; soil fungi).

The wrong content of green orchids also contributes to the appearance of pests on plants or in the soil:

  1. Plant living:
    • butterflies;
    • mealybug;
    • nematodes;
    • armored mite;
    • transparent tick;
    • aphid;
    • thrips;
    • shield.
  2. Living in the substrate:
    • root mite;
    • larvae of click beetles;
    • springtails;
    • podura;
    • armored mite;
    • snails and slugs;
    • earwig.

To help the plant, it is necessary to detect the danger in time. Of course, the best defense is prevention. But if the flower is sick, then you need to quickly take action.

Despite its exotic color for flowers, a green orchid can be kept at home. Providing the plant with proper conditions, there will be no problems with its cultivation.


Watch the video: UNBELIEVABLE Orchids Worlds Most Spectacular Plants episode 12 of 14 (August 2022).