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The white orchid is a graceful plant with a slender, long stem and a swarm of delicate flowers that resemble butterflies.
Dutch botanist Karl Blume, examining flowers through binoculars on one of the islands of the Malay archipelago, initially took them this way, which is why the name Phalaenopsis arose. The article details this beautiful and amazing plant.
What are these flowers?
Phalaenopsis orchids can bloom at any time of the year for 2-6 months.... At the base, they have dark green fleshy oblong leaves. In the wild, these plants can grow up to 100 cm in length, while their decorative friends are only up to 30 cm.
Flowers have a fairly developed root system.
List of varieties with name and photo
In the genus there are flowers of different colors (yellow, pink, purple, blue and even black), but in this article it is white orchids that are considered. There are several interesting varieties that differ in this color. Then you can read the description and see the photo of the varieties.
Amabilis or Phalaenopsis Pleasant
This variety can be called classic, it is often used to give rise to other hybrids. The plant has a long, bent pedicel with branches, the number of large white flowers on it can reach 20, they open in turn.
Orchid lips are solid light yellow or golden in color; specimens with small dark pink blotches are also found. A faint pleasant aroma emanates from the flowers.
Photo of this variety:
This miniature version is interesting in that it has several short stalks, small flowers, but large and wide leaves... The shade of the flowers is darker than snow-white, each of them has a large purple lip. Up to 10 inflorescences are formed on each peduncle. Parisha has a pleasant fruity aroma.
This is what the Parish variety looks like:
Under natural conditions, this plant grows in the mountains, has dark green leaves with silvery notes and a long peduncle hanging under the weight of medium-sized white flowers, which open simultaneously in an amount of up to 50 pieces. They have small yellow spots with pink splashes. In the house, flowers are not so large.
In the photo - Filipino phalaenopsis:
This decorative version of the orchid has a very funny appearance compared to other varieties., thanks to which the atmosphere in the house becomes more pleasant. Several low flower stalks hold small white flowers with pink dots on each petal and a bright orange lip in the middle that acts as a highlight.
Photo of the Mini Mark variety:
Features of growing a houseplant
An orchid is not an unpretentious plant; to grow it, you must have knowledge of proper care.
- Lighting - the pot must be hidden from direct sunlight to avoid possible burns to the foliage. If you plan to grow an orchid on a windowsill, then this should be the west, east, or northeast side of the house. It is imperative to curtain the windows when exposed to direct rays.
- Temperature and humidity - in a room suitable for growing white orchids, the temperature is maintained in the range of 18-25 ° C. A short stay in cold conditions up to 12 ° C and hot ones up to 42 ° C is recognized as safe for plant health.
The humidity indicator in the room should be in the range of 30-40 ° C.
Important. At low humidity, the leaves lose their turgor (elasticity) and the inflorescences fall off, and at high humidity, spots appear on the foliage, rot forms on the roots.
- Watering - the soil must be watered during those periods when it has already completely dried out. But in this state, you cannot leave it for a long time. The water used for irrigation must first be filtered and boiled. When wetting the substrate, do not allow water to enter the foliage. Otherwise, it will gradually start to rot.
Usually, the soil itself is watered, bringing the water container to the very bottom and lifting the leaves. You can also use the bottom irrigation method, which consists in immersing the pot in a container of water, where the ground will be soaked using drainage holes.
If your plant lacks moisture, it will first of all become noticeable on the leaves. They will lose the saturation of the green hue.
- Root and leaf care Is another important procedure that is necessary to maintain the health of the orchid. The foliage should be wiped regularly to keep it clean. When the leaves and parts of the roots die off, there is no need to be afraid to cut them off. This is done in cases where the foliage has a clearly lethargic appearance (there may even be spots), and the elements of the roots dry out and turn brown.
To enrich the flower with minerals, the fertilizers intended for this are introduced once every half a month. They use one of two types of feeding - root and foliar.
- Root feeding is carried out after watering the entire root system and is permissible only if the orchid is completely healthy.
The essence of this method is that a pot with a plant is placed in a container filled with a fertilizer solution. Roots in the soil will begin to absorb useful minerals through the drainage holes. Those roots that are located on the surface are watered from above with the same solution. After the procedure, you need to allow excess water to drain from the soil.
- Foliar dressing allows nutrients to penetrate faster. It consists in spraying the leaves on both sides with a fertilizer solution. The remnants of moisture from the leaves after the introduction of top dressing must be carefully wiped off.
Attention. This type of fertilizer is not recommended to be used during dormancy and within half a month after plant transplantation.
It is necessary to transplant if for 2-3 years it is in the same substrate, which over time cakes and sours. There are also times when roots grow through drainage holes.
For transplanting, a larger pot and suitable drainage material are usually purchased. (expanded clay, pebbles, crushed stone). A layer of this material is laid out at the bottom of the pot, then the plant is carefully transferred there and the empty space is filled with fresh soil.
Reproduction at home
Reproduction by children is the easiest method for growing another phalaenopsis.
- When found on the peduncle, the children are watching so that 4 leaves appear, it is advisable to wait for the roots too.
- After separating the cut site at the peduncle and the shoot, they are treated with charcoal (you can use cinnamon).
- During the day, the baby is dried, then transferred to a pot with a substrate of a fine fraction.
- The room temperature must be maintained between 22 and 25 ° C.
You can learn more about the reproduction of phalaenopsis from the video:
Pests and diseases
There are two diseases that orchids are most likely to pick up.:
- Fusarium - a dangerous fungal disease that affects the roots, and then spreads further. It manifests itself in the form of rot, the affected bushes do not heal. The main reason is excess moisture.
- Hives - usually occurs at low temperatures or high humidity. Dent-like spots appear on the leaves. Compliance with optimal conditions will help get rid of this.
Other troubles that a home orchid may encounter include insects:
- Spider mite leads to the appearance of a silvery cobweb on the foliage. It appears only at low air humidity. Treatment with soapy water helps to get rid of the pest.
- Thrips form brown spots on foliage and flowers. They can only be driven away with the help of insecticides.
- Mealybug makes the leaves turn yellow and fall off, a solution of laundry soap is an effective remedy against it.
White orchids are not very capricious flowers, but for flowering and growth it is important to provide them with a favorable environment, periodically water, saturate with useful elements and be attentive to any changes on the foliage and roots in order to take the necessary measures in time.