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Features of orchid care during flowering. Frequent problems and solutions

Features of orchid care during flowering. Frequent problems and solutions



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The orchid has long been one of the favorite flowers of many housewives.

But this exquisite plant requires careful maintenance. The greatest effort should be made during its flowering.

Under favorable conditions, an exotic plant can delight the inhabitants of the house and their guests for a long time with its beautiful appearance. Read more about caring for this flower in this article.

What happens to the plant during this period?

At the beginning of autumn, the dormant period of the orchid ends. The plant begins to prepare for flowering. He has peduncles. Within 2 months, the buds open and turn into beautiful flowers.

If during the previous flowering the peduncle was not cut off to the base, a dormant bud may awaken in this place in the fall. A side arrow will begin to grow, on which flowers will appear ahead of time (about 1.5 months later).

The opening of the buds is considered the beginning of the flowering of an orchid. This process takes place quickly, in about a day. The average flowering time is 3 months. With proper care, this period can be extended. Having created ideal conditions for the life of the plant, beautiful flowers can be admired for up to 6 months and more.

Differences in care at different periods of development

Orchid care at different flowering periods differs as follows:

  1. Top dressing. Before the buds open, the orchid needs nitrogen. During and after flowering - in phosphorus and potassium. Nitrogen inhibits the development of buds.
  2. Watering. During its flowering, the orchid needs abundant air humidification. In addition, you should change the watering regime. It should be more frequent and plentiful than before and after the orchid bloom.
  3. Transplanting is possible only after the plant has shed all the petals.
  4. After flowering, pruning is mandatory.

What determines the proper care of a flowering plant?

Caring for an orchid during flowering is not difficult. The main condition is the fulfillment of all the rules in the complex. Proper care of the plant during its flowering depends on the following factors:

  • orchid variety;
  • the general condition of the plant;
  • season (indoor varieties can bloom throughout the year);
  • flower age.

Pollination process

Many growers are interested in how to propagate a home orchid with seeds. First of all, you need to pollinate the flower. This procedure involves the following actions:

  1. Separating the anther cap from the stigma (it is recommended to use a toothpick for this).
  2. Removing pollinies from the anther.
  3. Placing polylines in the column niche.

When pollinating an orchid, in no case should a toothpick touch the walls of the column. Failure to do so may damage it, resulting in a malfunction.

How to care if the plant is blooming?

The order of how to care if the plant is in bloom:

  1. Choosing the location of the flower. It is recommended to install the pot on a windowsill in the east or west of the room. If all windows in the apartment face south, you should take care of shading.
  2. Maintaining the air temperature within the range of 20-25 ° C during the day and 14-16 ° C at night, excluding sudden changes.
  3. Air humidification up to 60-70%.
  4. Providing bright diffused lighting.
  5. Change the watering regime. It should be abundant, but not excessive.
  6. The use of fertilizers to feed the plant.

Attention! All of the above measures for caring for an orchid will bring results only if they are applied comprehensively.

Can the pot be moved?

The orchid loves stability. All changes that occur during the flowering period are capable of harming the plant. Therefore, it is recommended to choose a location for the plant before purchasing it. It is strictly forbidden to move the pot during flowering.

Humidity

It is difficult to achieve air humidity within 60-70% during the heating season. Therefore, it is recommended to use additional accessories. The best option is a special humidifier. If it is not possible to use it, it is recommended to place the pot in a container of water. Pebbles or expanded clay should be poured onto the bottom of the dishes. The water evaporates to humidify the air.

Temperature

The air temperature depends on the category of the plant:

  1. Heat-loving... This category requires an air temperature of 32 degrees during the day and 15 degrees at night.
  2. Medium temperature... The air temperature is favorable within the range of 19-23 degrees during the day and 13-16 degrees at night.
  3. Cold-loving... Such species are rare. For them, the optimal temperature is about 20 degrees during the day and 12 degrees at night.

Too low air temperature is detrimental to the orchid.

Lighting

Lighting is of great importance for the flowering of an orchid. With a lack of sunlight, the leaves of the plant turn yellow and fall off. During flowering, you should adhere to the following rules:

  1. Provide diffused light in summer... Direct sunlight exposure to the plant can cause burns.
  2. Daylight hours decrease in winter... Therefore, you should take care of artificial lighting. For this, you can use fluorescent lamps.

Watering

Watering an orchid requires a lot of effort from the grower. This plant loves moisture. But over-watering leads to stagnation of water in the roots. This can lead to decay and kill the plant. The watering regime for the flower should be as follows:

  1. Water must be poured directly onto the roots. Watering should be done 2 times a week. In this case, the soil should not dry out or show signs of waterlogging.
  2. After flowering, you need to reduce the frequency of watering to 1 time per week. During the rest period, it is enough to moisten the soil with a frequency of 1-2 times a month.

For watering the orchid, it is recommended to use boiled water at room temperature.

Top dressing

The flower should be fed no more than 1 time in 2-3 weeks. Fertilizers should contain phosphorus and potassium. These substances stimulate the formation of buds, which promotes the appearance of flowers.

Nitrogen must be excluded during this period.

Pruning

After flowering, it is necessary to prune the plant.... If this is not done, the flowers will begin to shrink over time. It is not recommended to cut the peduncle at the base. A developed kidney should be left intact. The cut is made 5-6 mm higher. This will help to avoid drying out the kidney. The use of a secateurs is recommended.

Transfer

After the purchase of an orchid, an immediate flower transplant is required only if the seller used pure sphagnum as soil. If the substrate contains bark, you do not need to expose the plant to unnecessary stress.

A transplant will be required in 1.5-2 years (depending on the variety), when the pot becomes cramped for the root system. This procedure can be carried out only after the flowering of the orchid. The soil should not be compacted too much. Otherwise, the roots of the plant can be damaged. In addition, the loose soil will provide fresh air to the roots.

How to lengthen or shorten this time?

To extend the flowering period of an orchid, it is recommended:

  1. Do not move the pot.
  2. Do not overfeed the plant with fertilizers.
  3. Spray the tip of the peduncle periodically.

If, after flowering, the peduncle is cut off at the very base, you can postpone the appearance of the next buds.

Possible problems

There are several of the most common problems with orchid care:

  1. The plant has released a peduncle, but it turned yellow... It is likely that the plant is not ready to bloom due to a lack of vitality. It is recommended to cut the flower stalk and give the plant time to rest.
  2. Leaves turn yellow... There are 2 possible reasons: lack or excess of light. In the first case, the leaves begin to turn yellow at the base, and then the problem spreads to their entire surface. With a burn, brown spots appear first, then the leaf turns yellow. In these cases, it is necessary to adjust the lighting.
  3. Buds fall... Any deviation from the rules of care can be the cause of the problem. The proximity of apples and bananas can also cause buds to fall off. these fruits give off ethylene gas.

Creating unfavorable conditions for keeping an orchid can lead to the appearance of insect pests or flower disease.

An orchid requires careful care and attention. Adhering to the rules for its content, you can grow a plant on the windowsill that will delight everyone present with flowers of amazing beauty. When starting to breed orchids, it is recommended to start with choosing the most unpretentious variety in order to gain experience in growing this exotic plant.

Video on how to care for an orchid during flowering, and what manipulations it is better not to perform:


Watch the video: 14 Easy Steps: Orchid Care For Beginners. Phalaenopsis orchid care for beginners. iKnow (August 2022).