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The beauty of pelargonium in the garden. Growing conditions and flower care in the open field

The beauty of pelargonium in the garden. Growing conditions and flower care in the open field



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Pelargonium, an unpretentious plant of the Geraniev family, could previously only be found on the windowsills of houses and apartments.

But at present, this flower has been successfully adapted for growing in the open ground of the garden.

In this article, you can learn about the rules for planting and growing this beauty in the garden and decorating a summer cottage with pelargonium.

Can I plant outdoors?

Pelargonium will harmoniously bring bright notes into any landscape design and diversifies it with a riot of colors. This flower can and should be planted in a flower bed. Only for this it will be necessary to comply with a number of conditions, without which the flower will not be able to adapt to the terrain.

It should not be forgotten that pelargonium is a visitor from southern latitudes. Therefore, it does not tolerate cold and a sharp drop in ambient temperature.

The necessary conditions

A member of the Geranium family can be a herbaceous or semi-shrub plant.... It is cultivated as a perennial. But based on its heat dependence, there are some subtleties of growing.

In order for pelargonium to please the eye with its bright colors all summer long, it requires a soil with a low pH level. And a weak root system will thrive in nutritious and slightly loose soil

Absolutely all varieties of this plant are skeptical about direct sunlight.

therefore to create comfortable conditions, diffused sunlight will be an important factor, do not neglect partial shade.

The optimal air temperature that pelargonium tolerates with ease is +20 degrees. This suggests that you should worry about a little darkening of the area.

Despite the quite unpretentious nature of this flower, it does not tolerate frequent transplants very well. Therefore, the choice of the place of its growth must be approached responsibly.

Planting rules for growing outdoors

For planting pelargonium in the ground an average daily air temperature of at least +12 degrees is required... If this indicator starts to fall, then the deciduous part of the plant will drop and fall off.

The second prerequisite is good, but not excessive moisture. Therefore, transplanting is best done in mid-April - first half of May, after heavy rains have brought enough liquid into the soil. Lingering drought results in fragmentation of inflorescences and delayed flowering. The appearance of standing water, which can cause the development of root rot, is also not allowed.

  1. In order to start breeding this representative of the Geranium family with cuttings, the finished shoot is cut from an adult flowering bush. To do this, take the upper part with two or three leaves, the length should not exceed 15 cm.
  2. The stalk is dipped in a solution to stimulate growth, and the wet stalk is sprinkled with crushed charcoal or ash.
  3. After planting, a watering hole is created around the plant.

The most viable pelargonium bushes can be obtained within 3 weeks after planting., if we apply the division method for this purpose. To do this, a bush from a pot is divided along the root system in such a way that each lobe has its own stem. Delenki are planted in open ground, in pre-prepared wide holes.

reference... Breeding a flower by planting seeds is considered to be one of the longest and most unreliable methods. After all, young plants need long-term painstaking care, they often die and do not bloom in the first year of planting.

Disembarkation

When planting cuttings or cuttings it is necessary to harden young plants a week before transferring to the street.

For this purpose, they are taken out on the street every day and left at the place of disembarkation or in conditions as close as possible to those of the garden.

Flower pots can be left overnight if the temperature is not expected to drop significantly.

Plants hardened in this way after transplantation are much faster and easier to adapt. to new living conditions, which will allow them to achieve their speedy and abundant flowering.

Pelargonium prefers light soils. Therefore, to facilitate the plant's habituation, sand and fertilizers are added to the holes. Planting depth in open areas should be the same as in a pot.

After the flowers have been transferred, the soil around them is mulched, and the soil is acidified with a light solution of citric acid at the rate of 1 tsp. dry product for 3 liters of water.

The size of the prepared hole should be slightly larger than the diameter of the potin which the planting material was located. This is done to keep the root system safe during migration.

Site registration and photo

Pelargonium bushes are compact in size, so they can be used as curb plants planted along the paths of the personal plot. Also, this flower looks beautiful in pot arrangements or in larger flowerpots.

Attention! This placement controls the growth of the root system, which makes it easier to move the plants back into the house.

Look at the photo of what the plant looks like on the site:

Video about the landing of pelargonium on the site:

Caring for a flower on the street

If you follow all the rules for caring for pelargonium in open ground, then you can achieve flowering in the first year after transplanting.

The key to success in obtaining a beautiful garden flower specimen can be correct watering. It should be carried out regularly and in moderation. It makes it no more difficult than growing a plant at home. After landing and during the first months of active growth, more frequent wetting of the area is required... But there is no need for spraying.

Also, we must not forget about feeding. It is recommended to apply nitrogen fertilizers for the first time immediately after planting. Thanks to this, pelargonium will be able to grow deciduous mass. A second feeding will be required in a month. This time, for the procedure, you need to stock up on a complex fertilizer, which includes potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen and trace elements. But it is better to refuse organic matter, since garden pests can appear with it.

reference... Don't forget about pruning the bushes. In order for the plant to begin to actively grow and delight you with lush flowering, the tops of the shoots must be pinched a little.

What to do in winter?

Small a decrease in temperature in early autumn is unable to harm thermophilic pelargonium... But already the first frosts can destroy it. Therefore, in October, it is time to move the plant from open ground to the room.

Before that, pruning and transplanting of bushes is carried out:

  1. The shoots above the knot are cut with a sharp knife, leaving no more than 15 cm. The dried greens are removed.
  2. Next, the plant is carefully dug out of the ground and transferred to prepared pots, which should already be filled with drainage and garden soil with sand.
  3. The distance between the bushes is no more than 25 cm.If separate containers are stored, then their diameter should be at least 30 cm.
  4. Plants prepared in this way are placed in the basement.

Throughout the winter, you need to monitor the humidity and temperature in the room.... Watering should be done moderately as it dries.

For successful wintering, pelargonium must be provided with sufficient lighting.

Additional tips and warnings

When cultivating pelargonium in the open field, it is necessary to monitor the health of the bushes. The main signs of plant disease are:

  • discoloration of leaves;
  • exposing the stems;
  • drying out of individual sections of the trunks;
  • the appearance of spots or traces of decay.

This may signal that pests have appeared on the plants, which include:

  • aphid;
  • caterpillar;
  • whitefly;
  • ticks.

In order to prevent damage to flowers, it is necessary to process them with biological insecticides. And repeat spraying a week later. To prepare a solution of 1 tbsp. wood ash is infused in 1 liter of water.

We should not forget about the occurrence of a possible self-seeding., which can spoil the original design idea of ​​the entire garden. To eliminate this possibility, it is recommended to remove unripe fruits of flowering plants.

Pelargonium can be easily adapted to outdoor living conditions. The main thing is to observe in detail all the conditions for planting it, watering, feeding and proper wintering.

Video about Pelargonium in the open field:


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