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Pelargonium is familiar to flower growers as geranium. The flower belongs to an ampelous variety growing in rigid vines hanging down. Royal pelargonium pleases the eye with bright double buds.
To maintain such beauty, the flower needs feeding. Simple geranium has a number of nuances and preferences for the fertilizers used.
General rules for watering: how to water a flower?
A feature of proper watering is attention to individual signs. If they are found, it is necessary to reduce or increase watering.
When an increase in watering is necessary:
- the presence of recently blossoming flowers;
- abundant foliage;
- flowering period;
- no rain in summer when grown outdoors;
- clay pot.
Watering is reduced when:
- falling into "hibernation" (late autumn - early winter);
- scanty foliage in a young plant;
- lack of drainage;
- high air humidity;
- a pot made of plastic or metal.
Important! The alternation of lack of water with overflow will lead to the death of pelargonium. The error symptom will appear on the leaves as black dots.
Recommendations for choosing water for irrigation:
- Room water temperature. Cold water will cause root rot.
- Avoid watering with hard water containing a lot of calcium.
- Rain or melt water is ideal.
Pelargonium watering rules:
- Watering every other day is carried out in warm weather.
- Watering 1-2 times / week in the autumn-winter period and during the rest period, provided that the soil dries up 1 cm deep.
- Choose a container for irrigation with a narrow neck. This will ensure an even distribution of moisture.
- Pour water along the edge of the pot. Avoid getting water on the leaves.
In spring and summer, organic fertilizers must be added to the water for irrigation every two to three weeks.
The importance of proper fertilization
The right choice of fertilizer for pelargonium is the key to a healthy plant and abundant flowering... Organic fertilizers solve part of the problem.
Pelargonium is an important complex of minerals such as potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus. The proportion of nitrogen is reduced closer to the flowering period with a simultaneous increase in the amount of potassium. Pelargonium responds well to the addition of iodine before flowering.
When and in what cases top dressing is required?
Pelargonium is hibernating in winter. For this reason, no additional food is needed. They begin to apply fertilizers in spring and continue throughout the summer. The introduction of complex fertilizers 2 times a month will provide the plant with nutrients in full.
Important! Fertilizing before watering is prohibited. The roots of the flower will burn and die. Top dressing is added after watering with water after one hour.
Situations in which feeding is not performed:
- in case of flower disease;
- after prolonged exposure to the sun;
- 2 weeks before and a week after transplant.
How and how to fertilize?
The main purpose of plant nutrition is lush and long flowering. The use of nitrate, phosphate, potassium and iodine-containing substances will help to achieve the goal.
A comprehensive nutritional "diet" includes:
- iron preparations;
- potassium permanganate;
- magnesium-containing substances;
Fertilizers in finished form are found in dry and liquid form. Pokon products are popular with flower growers..
When using them, the growth and flowering of pelargonium is accelerated. You should not be zealous with fertilizers, which contain a large proportion of nitrogen.
This will lead to abundant foliage growth and the formation of powerful shoots, preventing the onset of the flowering process.
Monthly use of hydrogen peroxide:
- disinfects the soil;
- prevents root decay;
- saturates the soil with oxygen;
- accelerates the formation of buds.
Reference! Dissolve 50 ml of the drug in 2 liters of water. The mixture is used for watering and spraying pelargonium.
The drug will help to increase the chlorophyll content in pelargonium and stimulate the flowering process. Top dressing is carried out during the active growth phase at the rate of 10 g of boric acid per 10 liters of water with the addition of 1 glass of ash.
Adjustment of the flowering volume of pelargonium is carried out by alternating watering with ordinary water and milk solution. Prepare a solution of 1/2 glass of milk and 1 liter of warm water.
Pelargonium responds positively to sugar feeding... The addition of a sugar solution in winter will make the plant bloom. The frequency of feeding with sugar once a week. To obtain a sugar solution, take 2 tablespoons of sugar per 1 liter of water.
The addition of ash disinfects the soil and forms beautiful buds. Top dressing is prepared from 40 grams of ash and 1 liter of water. The frequency of "feeding" is once every two weeks.
Dry yeast is diluted in warm water at the rate of 1 gram of the drug, 20 grams of sugar and 1 liter of water. After the start of fermentation, dilute with water in a ratio of 1: 5. Such feeding will form a massive and healthy pelargonium.
Important! Top dressing should be carried out only in spring. No more than 2 times per season.
How to feed for abundant flowering?
Abundant flowering is facilitated by the introduction of mineral fertilizers:
Nutrient Blend Options for Lush and Long Lasting Blooms:
- Wood ash and water... A solution of 20 grams of ash and 1 liter of warm water will increase the number of buds.
- B vitamins... An increase in the number of buds when using vitamins is achieved by alternating dressings:
- the first using B1;
- three weeks later, the second — B6;
- three weeks later, the third is B12.
A solution is prepared from 1 ampoule of vitamin and 1 liter of water. The composition is watered along the edge of the pot, around the root system.
- Magnesium sulfate solution... Dissolve 1.5 tablespoons of the drug in 10 liters of water.
Iodine can provide vigorous flowering of pelargonium. The use of ordinary pharmaceutical iodine will not take much time, and the result will be good. The effect of iodine feeding is noticeable after 2-3 applications.
Algorithm for using iodine for feeding pelargonium:
- Pre-moisten the potting soil.
- Prepare a solution of 1 drop of iodine, 1 ml of hydrogen peroxide and 1 liter of water.
- Watering 50 grams of solution without touching the root system and leaves along the edge of the pot.
- Frequency rate of nutrient watering once every 3 weeks. Increased feeding will cause root damage and death.
- Start feeding in May and finish in September.
In the video about fertilizing pelargonium with iodine and peroxide:
If you did something wrong
Fertilizers must be applied carefully. In case of wrong actions, the plant will immediately show a reaction. The main goal pursued by flower growers, when using fertilizers, is to increase the number and quality of buds, and increase the duration of flowering.
Moderate nutrient intake is not enough for pelargonium to bloom... The timeliness of their application plays an important role in bud formation.
Problems and solutions
- The lack of buds can be caused by the overgrowth of the plant, rather than a lack of nutrition. This fact is taken into account when deciding on feeding. It is enough to transplant the plant into a larger pot and rejuvenate the plant by removing old shoots. The frequency of transplantation is once every 2-3 years.
- The defeat of pelargonium by pests and infection with diseases leads to the absence of flowering. Before feeding, the plant is treated, the cause of the disease is removed.
- An excess of fertilizer will lead to rotting of the root system and an increase in green mass. The plant must be removed from the pot, removed all rotten roots and transplanted into new soil.
- With insufficient feeding, the leaves will lose their brightness and elasticity. It is enough to carry out vitamin watering.
- A large pot will result in no buds. Transplanting into a smaller pot will solve the problem.
- Drafts and temperature changes harm the flower. Eliminating these negative factors, the plant will bloom in a month.
Timeliness and correct feeding is the guarantee of blooming pelargonium. Self-growth of a flower without human intervention will not lead to abundant flowering. It is important to use a comprehensive approach when feeding pelargonium. At home, picking up fertilizers is not difficult. Every housewife has yeast, iodine, milk, hydrogen peroxide and ash.
The nuances of fertilizing pelargonium in the video: