The most popular types of balsam with names and photos

 The most popular types of balsam with names and photos

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Balsam is a plant that, due to its long flowering period, is most often used as an ornamental plant.

The flowers are attractive and come in a variety of colors. The genus of balsam is large, about 400 species, and the brightest representatives are cultivated as decorative and cultivated plants.

In the article, we will consider all varieties of balsam, with names, descriptions, and also see them in the photo.

All varieties of indoor plants with names, descriptions and photos of flowers

Below you will find out what varieties are by name, read the descriptions and see them in the photo.

Strawberry with cream

A spectacular terry variety with red and white flowers (read about terry balsam here). They prefer partial shade, so the best option for planting next to tall plants. The height of the bush is about 25 cm. Balsam is moisture-loving and needs frequent watering.

Reference! If it is not possible to often water the balsam, then the soil can be mulched around it, then the moisture evaporates more slowly.

Strawberry balsam with cream grows well at home, and in containers on terraces. Since the variety is compact, it can overwinter on the windowsill until spring.

It is necessary to plant seedlings in March, covering the soil with a film. A large and powerful plant must be pinched, then it will branch out and many flowers will form. Balsam loves the soil light, with drainage. The flowers of balsam strawberry with cream are fluffy and festive, with a bright color, for which this variety won the love of gardeners.

Orchid (Orchid)

The ornamental flowering shrub of orchid balsam reaches 40-60 cm in height, and grows more slowly than other types of balsam. Branched stems, brittle and juicy, dark pink in color. Leaves are cordate, with pink veins, jagged edges. Flowers of various colors - white, pink, red, yellow. There are also two-color ones. The shape of the flowers resembles a slipper.

Important! Balsam lighting should be bright all year round, otherwise the plant will lose its decorative effect.

The peculiarity of orchid balsam is that it does not attacked by spider mites.


The height of the touch-me-not balsam is up to 70 cm. The plant is annual, the stems are branched, smooth and juicy. Leaves are serrated at the edges, and pointed at the end. Flowers of various shades of purple are collected in the axils. Seeds in bolls that shoot when touched. Bloom lasts from July to September. It is heat-loving, so it should be planted no earlier than mid-June.


Camellia balsam is a straight pyramidal plant, up to half a meter high. The stems are thick, translucent and smooth. The flowers, bright and lush, are located in the axils, and come in all shades of red and purple, as well as white. With a small diameter (about 4 cm), the flowers look spectacular. With proper care, balsam grows very quickly. Camellia is great for growing from seed.

Important! When taking camellia balsam into the garden in the summer, you should choose a place protected from the wind, since fragile stems break easily.

Camellia balsam blooms from spring until frost. It happens that they bloom all year round. But before the approach of frost, it should be brought into the house.


Balsam Athena is compact, the height is 15-20 cm. Flowers are double, large (5 cm), and variegated, do not fall off for a long time. Flowering is continuous and so abundant that it gives the impression of a carpet. In conditions of dense partial shade, the color of flowers is brighter than that of those plants that grow in a sunny place.

Balsam Athena should not be planted in windy places.

In order to preserve balsam until spring, in the fall it is transplanted into pots, and grown in the house, and in the spring it is planted in the ground.


The exotic yellow balsam has orchid flowers. It is unpretentious, blooms profusely. The bush is compact, and, if you pinch the tops of its heads on time and correctly, it is very lush. It grows well in an apartment on a windowsill. Yellow balsam in the open air must be planted in the shade, as the flowers fade from yellow to white.


Brazilian balsam is an evergreen liana, up to one and a half meters long, with shiny bright green foliage. Fragrant flowers, most often double, 10-15 cm in diameter, have five regular petals. Coloring of flowers from white to cherry.

Reference! When growing balsam in an apartment, you should not choose low and flat pots - they do not provide the necessary drainage.

Brazilian indoor balsam is planted in flowerpots with supports, along which the liana will branch upwards. Blooms from April to late September.


Densely leafy bushes, up to 20 cm high, erect. The foliage is green and juicy. The main difference of this variety is excellent branching and good survival rate. It is unpretentious in leaving. The flowers are plentiful, their number and variety of colors (from white, coral to red) attract attention.

In indoor conditions, extreme balsam blooms all year round, and in the open field, flowering lasts until September. Blooms in one and a half to two months after planting. The plant is annual and is great for balconies, summer cottages, flower beds.


This exotic balsam velveteen has large flowers, about the size of a walnut, and of a very unusual shape - they resemble snapdragons. The foliage seems to be lifeless - velvety with a bright streak. The plant looks elegant even without flowers.

It grows very slowly, does not bush immediately. Lays a lot of buds. On one bush, from one to three buds bloom at the same time, which do not fade within a week. Then the next buds open, and thus the velveteen balsam blooms constantly.


The main difference between Guinea balsam and other species of this plant is a strong stem, fleshy leaves and flowers, a compact bush 20-30 cm high. In addition, the plants are very hardy, withstand temperatures up to +10 degrees.

You can grow balsams in flower beds (with or without transplanting into the house for the winter - like annuals), on a balcony or in an apartment. Watering is moderate. It is often watered in summer, and every 10-15 days in winter. When growing balsam, excess nitrogen fertilizers should be avoided - they accelerate the growth of the plant, and the flowering is inhibited.

Reference! It is better to water moisture-loving balsams often and little by little, and not rarely, but abundantly.

Guinea balsam requires good lighting. With a lack of light, the plant will not die, but a lack of light will have a bad effect on flowering.


The rococo balsam plant branches very well. It has compact bushes up to 30 cm high. The flowers are huge, their diameter is about 12 cm, and form a spectacular ball above the leaves. Flowering is abundant and long - after the wilting of one flower, another blooms. To maintain the beauty of balsam, it is necessary to periodically remove wilted flowers.


In Niamey balsam, green and juicy stems are sometimes colored reddish. Leaves are oval, serrated at the edges. Long pedicels with flowers similar to the beaks of parrots grow from the axils of the leaves - the front part is elongated, the end is curved like a horn.

Attention! Balsam needs regular formative pruning.

Plant height approximately 50-60 cm, and it blooms in summer. With proper care, it will continue to bloom continuously until January.

With red leaves

Balsam New Guinea from the Harmony series has bronze-red leaves. A plant with intense branching, flowers are large and round, contrasting beautifully with the unusual color of the foliage. The height of the bush ranges from 30 to 60 cm.

Attention! The redness of the leaf and the coloring of flowers to daughter plants is transmitted only by cuttings; when propagated by seeds, the signs are lost.

Balsam with red leaves is thermophilic and afraid of the windtherefore it is recommended to grow only in pots. Outdoors, they are located only on the patio.


The cutie balsam bush is compact, up to 20 cm high.On the open field it blooms only in summer, and in pots it can bloom all year round. The foliage is dense, the flowers are densely arranged, most often pink, but also white.

The plant loves warmth, feels good in the sun and in partial shade. If the soil is light and fertile, then abundant flowering is guaranteed.

He loves abundant watering, it is necessary to ensure that the earth does not dry out.

The cutie is planted in open ground after spring frosts, when the soil temperature reaches + 18-20 degrees.


A compact, 10-25 cm high annual balsam balance plant branches well. The peculiarity is that it is not prone to stretching. The inflorescences are large and attractive. The flower size ranges from 3 to 5 cm.

Reference! Balm balance begins to bloom 3 months after germination.

Balm balance is well suited for flower beds and container growing. Loves watering and partial shade, if the plant is in direct sunlight, growth is inhibited. For abundant flowering, balsam must be fed with mineral fertilizers, starting from seedlings.

Salmon chiffon

Indoor balsam salmon chiffon is famous for the largest flowers. They are terry, bright salmon in color, similar to silk. Inflorescences in shape can be compared to roses. These flowers look great on a compact bush up to 40 cm high. It grows very quickly, flowering is long and abundant.

Purple pinata

Balsam purpl pinata has dark green leaves, large (4cm), oblong, serrated. The flowers are large, densely doubled, similar to peonies of pink-lilac-purple color, with barely noticeable white strokes and drops.

The bush is lush and neat, all covered with large flowers (5.5 cm). The peculiarity of the plant is that it vigorously blooming and has rare purple flowers.

General rules for the care of varietal varieties of Vanka Mokroi

So that the balsam does not get sick, it blooms profusely and for a long time, you must adhere to the following rules:

  1. Drainage is necessary so that the roots do not feel discomfort.
  2. The soil should be loose, light, and nutritious.
  3. In summer, the plant needs to be watered every day, but little by little, in winter it is enough once every few days, as the earthen coma dries. The water should be separated, at room temperature. After watering, excess water from the sump is poured out.
  4. Balsam loves the sun, but not direct rays. Depending on the variety, the plant can grow in dense shade or partial shade.
  5. Balsam is a heat-loving plant, the air temperature should not fall below +10 degrees.
  6. Fertilize once every 2 weeks after watering, with phosphorus-potassium fertilizer.
  7. In order for the bush to be attractive, it periodically needs to be shaped.

Balsam is an ideal indoor and outdoor plant, unpretentioussuitable even for novice gardeners. With proper care, timely transplantation and pruning, balsam bushes will delight you with beautiful and unusual flowers, and will serve as an ideal decoration for any interior.

Watch the video: Balsamina Rose Seed Collecting and processing. GardenGraduate. seed collecting series #009 (July 2022).


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