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Description and photos of the best varieties of spinach. Practical advice on growing and care

 Description and photos of the best varieties of spinach. Practical advice on growing and care


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Today spinach is confidently winning the hearts of gardeners. It is added to salads, first and second courses.

Bright green spinach juice is used to color pasta, sauces and even dumplings. Spinach is a storehouse of nutrients and vitamins.

It will not be difficult to grow this useful plant, the main thing is not to get lost in the variety of varieties. In our article you will find almost all the names, detailed descriptions and photos of early, mid-season and late spinach varieties.

Early varieties

Most early spinach varieties produce a harvest within two to three weeks after sowing seeds in the ground. Sowing begins when it has warmed up to +5 degrees outside and the snow has melted. The best time to plant is early spring. To have fresh herbs on the table all season, early spinach varieties are planted every 15-20 days.

We suggest that you familiarize yourself with the names, descriptions and photos of the most popular early spinach varieties.

Gigantic

Giant is one of the most popular varieties for cultivation. Deciduous rosette grows with a diameter of 12 to 50 centimeters. Giant spinach is planted both in early spring and autumn. You can harvest the crop two weeks after germination. This the variety is the best for canning.

Uteusha

This is a hybrid of sorrel and spinach, bred by the Ukrainian breeder Yu. A. Uteush. In summer, this variety of spinach grows up to 200 centimeters in height. To harvest in early spring, Uteusha spinach is sown in October with dry seeds in well-prepared soil.

This perennial plant is especially popular with farmers. Nutritionally, Uteusha spinach is one of the best green foods.

We suggest watching a video about Uteusha spinach:

Godry

This spinach variety has a medium-sized leafy rosette of 23 centimeters in diameter. The crop is harvested 18 days after germination. Godry is grown both in greenhouses and outdoors. This the variety is resistant to lower temperatures... It can be planted in early spring or late autumn. Due to the early flowering, one should be especially vigilant in cultivating the variety.

Virofle

A variety of spinach with bright green leaves. Proportional leafy rosette with a height and diameter of 30 centimeters. Since Virofle spinach is frost-hardy and unpretentious, it is planted in early spring. This variety is cultivated both in the greenhouse and in the open field. Shooting tendency is considered the main disadvantage of this plant.

Mid-season

The ripening time of mid-season spinach varieties lasts 35-60 days after planting the seeds, but you can speed up the process. To do this, you need to germinate the seeds by soaking them for a couple of days in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

Since mid-ripening varieties take longer to germinate, they can be sown simultaneously with early-ripening varieties. Then you can harvest from the garden all summer. The seeds are also sown in mid-August to enjoy healthy leaves in the fall.

Next, we present a photo and description of species suitable for self-cultivation, including Krepysh, Matador and others.

Sturdy

This spinach variety has light green glossy leaves with mild bubbles. The rosette diameter is no more than 25 centimeters. Sturdy is a high-yielding spinach variety... Ripe leaves are cut off as early as 30 days after planting the seeds. This variety resists rot and mold and is frost resistant. Water the plant as often as possible, as the variety loves moisture.

Matador

The diameter of the compact rosettes does not exceed 28 centimeters. Leaves are fleshy, smooth, grayish-green in color. The growing season lasts 30-50 days. This variety is not susceptible to most infections. Find all the details about the Matador variety in this article.

New Zealand

This particular type of spinach is also called tetragonia. The leaves are fleshy, bright green, triangular toothed. The bush reaches a meter height. Leaves can be cut 25 days after germination. Harvest is a variety of spinach yields multiple times... Quite whimsical in leaving.

We suggest watching a video about New Zealand spinach:

Late varieties

Many gardeners prefer late varieties of spinach. The leaves of the later varieties are more juicy and crunchy, and the taste is brighter. Late varieties mature 90-100 days after sowing outdoors.

The seeds are planted in August to enjoy the fresh greenery in early spring. The plantings are covered with covering material and watered as needed.

By autumn, rosettes of leaves grow from the seeds, which tolerate the winter cold well. If the snow has melted, spinach begins to grow rapidly from mid-March.... If you plant the late varieties at the same time as the early ones in April-May, you can cut the succulent leaves in September.

Let's talk about the best varieties of late spinach later.

Victoria

The bush is not large, the diameter of the rosette is no more than 19 centimeters. The mass of one plant is 28 grams. Leaves are suitable for collection 30-35 days after planting seedlings in the ground. This species is resistant to shooting and powdery mildew. When grown, Victoria tolerates low temperatures well and resists most mold infections, the seeds of the variety are planted from May to November.

Sowing spinach outdoors is possible... It is advisable to soak the seeds for 24 hours before planting. The water is changed 2-3 times. Seeds are planted to a depth of 2-3 centimeters. This variety of spinach loves watering and requires fertilizing with fertilizers that contain phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen.

Korenta

It is a hybrid with a powerful rosette and rich dark green leaves. The plant is unpretentious, resistant to adverse weather conditions. Korenta is suitable for growing only outdoors and requires timely watering.

Malabar

It is also called basella, Ceylon spinach, liana, curly spinach. Malabar spinach is not related to garden spinach. This plant is a fast-growing vine with a perennial root system that is often grown as a house flower. Loves warm weather and requires support, grows up to 3 meters in length.

Only young leaves can be eaten.... It tastes like regular spinach. This plant has small white flowers.

We suggest watching a video about Malabar spinach:

Spokane

A hybrid spinach variety developed by Dutch breeders. The leaves are rounded, wavy, dark green. Seeds are planted in spring. Leaves mature 65 days after sowing, flower stems appear late.

The plant has excellent immunity to bacterial, viral and fungal infections. This type of spinach is not afraid of pest attacks. Lack of light and improper watering are detrimental to Spokane spinach.

Fat-leaved

One of the most productive and unpretentious spinach varieties. Smooth green leaves form a compact rosette with a diameter of 20-28 centimeters. Spinach is harvested 31 days after sowing... It adapts well to any growing conditions.

We offer you to watch a video about fatty spinach:

Care

To harvest a rich spinach crop, you need to provide your plants with proper care and a comfortable growing environment.

  • Despite its cold resistance, spinach does not tolerate drafts. Better to plant it in places protected from northerly and easterly winds.
  • Do not forget to monitor the temperature regime.

    Spinach sprouts at temperatures from +3 to +15 degrees. Light frosts up to -10 degrees are not afraid of him, but when the temperature rises to +20, arrows appear.

  • It is better to fertilize the soil with compost, compound fertilizer and dolomite flour or ash. If you overdo it with potassium fertilizers, the spinach will shoot arrows. 10-12 days after the emergence of seedlings, the garden bed is watered with a solution of boric acid (1 gram per liter of water).
  • When the air temperature rises above 27 degrees, a canopy is erected over the spinach. A light-colored covering material will do.
  • Water the spinach 2-3 times a week. Water consumption per 1 m2 beds - 3 liters. Mulching will help reduce the amount of water. And after this procedure, you do not need to regularly loosen the ground. After loosening, it is better to roll the soil so that the seedlings do not stick out from the ground. If this is not done, they will die from drying out.
  • Spinach is thinned to a distance of 10-12 cm between the bushes.
  • When 9-12 sheets have formed on the spinach rosette, it is ready to be harvested.

Spinach is considered to be one of the healthiest plants.... Lovers of this vegetable daily enrich the body with vitamins and minerals. Spinach is good for garden neighbors too. Its roots secrete substances that improve the quality of the soil and have a beneficial effect on the health of neighboring vegetables. If you understand the agrotechnical requirements and choose the right variety, even an amateur gardener can grow juicy leaves.


Watch the video: why plant leaves turn brown and dry on the ends (July 2022).


Comments:

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