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What is dill and what does it look like? Plant characteristics and cultivation features

 What is dill and what does it look like? Plant characteristics and cultivation features


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Dill is a widespread crop, actively grown in open ground, greenhouses and at home. Fragrant greens, spicy seeds, fragrant inflorescences are actively used in various fields - from the food industry to the cosmetic industry.

In the absence of contraindications, dill can be included in the daily diet. Even a beginner can grow it on his own, since dill has a simple agricultural technique and is resistant to most diseases.

Is it a vegetable or a herb?

Garden dill - Anethum graveolens L. This herb, which also has other names, including Allspice and Dill odorous, is not related to vegetables, despite the fact that it belongs to the Celery family. Depending on the variety, it has an increased formation of green mass or actively forms umbrellas. On the site it can spread at the speed of a weed, if intensive growth is laid down in the characteristics of this particular sown variety.

Dill is an annual plant (and not, as many believe, a perennial) of the Umbrella (Celery) family.

Its seed oil contains dillapiol, which has a hallucinogenic stimulant effect. Consuming it in reasonable amounts will not have any drug effect, so there is no need to worry about it being a drug. Large doses of seed oil are toxic to the liver and kidneys. Plants "relatives" of dill are fennel and anise.

Now that you have learned what dill really is, what family it belongs to and what else it is called, consider what the culture looks like.

Description of appearance and photo

In height, the plant, depending on the variety, can reach 40-120 cm. The stem is erect, branched, with longitudinal stripes and a thin waxy coating. The leaves are pinnate, dissected, and consist of many narrow lobules. The lower leaves are long-petiolate, the stem leaves are on short petioles or sessile.

The root system of the culture is pivotal, thin, does not have strong branches, and penetrates deeply into the soil. This is how it blooms: small flowers with a yellow corolla appear, collected in a complex multi-rayed umbrella, 5-30 cm in diameter. The umbrellas are formed at the tops of the stems and their branches. Fruits are small, round, grayish-brown in color.

Next, you can see what the culture looks like in the photo, including in the garden.





History of origin and geography of growth

Dill has an ancient history. It is known that Egyptian healers actively used it in their practice 5000 years ago. Fossilized pieces of dill have been found in the ruins of Roman settlements in the UK. This plant is even mentioned in the Bible. - The Pharisees paid tithes on the leaves, stems and seeds of dill.

The fact where culture grows is also interesting: it is on all continents, with the exception of Antarctica and Australia.

Popular species and varieties

Breeders from all over the world have been actively working on dill, which has resulted in a very large number of varieties. In Russia today, among the cultivated, the best varieties are recognized:

  • Gribovskiy is a precocious variety most widespread in the central part of Russia.
  • Armenian 264.
  • Superdukat.
  • Kaskelensky.
  • Lesnogorodsky.
  • Kibray.
  • Mischievous.
  • The alligator is an extremely disease and pest resistant variety.

Read about the best varieties of dill for growing in the garden in this article.

Useful properties of greens and seeds

  • Dill greens improve the process of hematopoiesis.
  • Promotes increased bile secretion.
  • Improves the work of the cardiovascular system.
  • Dill seeds are diuretic.
  • They have a disinfectant effect on the body.
  • Improves lactation.

You can find more information on the benefits of dill here.

Harm and contraindications

  • Excessive consumption of dill can lead to temporary blurred vision, dizziness and loss of energy.
  • Dill in large quantities is harmful to lactating women.
  • It is not advisable to eat dill for people with low blood pressure and individual intolerance.

Application

  1. It is widely used in cooking. It is used for preparing salads and as a seasoning for meat, fish, soups. There are many dill based sauces. The plant's umbrellas serve as an excellent seasoning for pickling and salting vegetables. Perfect for flavoring oils, cheeses, baked goods.
  2. Extracts from seeds and greens of dill are actively used in perfumery and cosmetology. With the addition of extracts from dill, creams, colognes and toothpastes are produced. Dill oil is also used in the alcoholic beverage and soap industry.

Growing

Landing

  1. In open ground, seeds are sown in early spring.
  2. Further planting is carried out by a conveyor belt, every 10-12 days, so that there is always fresh greens on the table.
  3. The soil should be loose, well fertilized and moist.
  4. The planting material is sown in grooves, 2 cm deep, the distance between which should be 10-15 cm.
  5. The grooves are covered with slightly damp earth.

Care

  1. After sprouting, planting dill must be watered systematically. On hot days - twice a day. For 1 sq. should account for 20-30 liters of water.
  2. Periodically, potash-phosphorus fertilization is required at the rate of 10-15 g per sq. M.
  3. It is advisable to shade dill if it is actively exposed to direct sunlight. Greens can turn yellow from the heat.

We talked more about growing dill in the open field in a separate article.

Diseases and pests

  • Blackleg - a disease caused by excessive moisture. To correct the situation, it is necessary to adjust the irrigation mode.
  • Powdery mildew - the disease affects the aerial part of the plant, a whitish bloom appears on it. Colloidal sulfur treatment will help to cope with the disease.
  • Umbrella Blind - small bugs that feed on plant sap. To kill insects, insecticidal preparations should be used.
  • Aphid - the vital activity of the insect dries up and deforms the dill bushes. Pest control is carried out using insecticidal preparations.

How to prepare?

There are several ways to prepare dill:

  • Dry. For this, the branches of the plant are washed and laid on a towel to dry. Next, the dill needs to be chopped and, spread out on white paper, left to dry in a shaded place. Avoid direct sunlight, otherwise the greens will turn yellow. After the dill is dried, it is stored in a tightly closed jar.
  • Salt. Chopped washed dill sprigs are thoroughly mixed with salt and placed in a glass jar. Store the resulting mixture in a dark place.
  • To freeze. Dry finely chopped dill is placed in a plastic bag or container and placed in the freezer. This storage method practically does not destroy the nutrients and vitamins that are in its composition.

Which animals can and cannot be given?

Dill can be included in the diet:

  • hamsters;
  • cats;
  • ducks;
  • Achatina snails;
  • chickens;
  • chickens.

Dill has a very positive effect on the body of rabbits. Dogs eat dill reluctantly because of its specific smell, but, nevertheless, it is necessary to add it to the feed, as it will have a beneficial effect on the functioning of the animal's genitourinary system.

Dill is also very useful for rats, as it helps the assimilation of protein foods.

Attention! It is forbidden to add dill to chinchilla food. Even a small amount of this herb can be fatal for the animal.

About which animals can and which should not use dill, we talk here.

Comparison with other cultures

Further you will find everything about other crops with leaves, like the dill we are describing, which is why they are often confused, study the photos of these flowers.

Anise - is it the same or not?

These are two different plants, they are united by the fact that they are both umbrella-shaped. Anise blooms with white flowers, has a taste and aroma different from dill. Plants can only be confused because of the similar type of green mass.

Caraway

Nigella sowing (black cumin or nigella) is a plant that looks very similar to dill due to the same shape of the leaves. But caraway is a flowering plant, unlike dill, it is abundantly covered with flowers of a sky blue color.

Find out more about the difference between caraway and dill, as well as their use, here.

Other similar cultures

Dill is often confused with fennel. But plants have quite a few differences:

  • Fennel has a mild aroma and a bright spicy taste, while dill can be immediately recognized by its intense smell, which is unique to it.
  • Fennel is a perennial plant with a powerful root system, but dill is not, it is an annual.
  • The fennel bush is much taller.
  • The chemical composition of plants is different, so they are used to treat diseases of various etiologies.

The foliage of cosmos, peony, chamomile and field delphinium is visually very similar to dill. Also, wormwood abrotan has a similarity with dill, it is even called the dill tree and the ataman meum.

Dill is a multipurpose and versatile plant. With its help, it is possible to protect vegetable crops on the site - the essential oils intensively secreted by the dill growing nearby are intolerable to most pests. Dill is an indispensable part of the diet for those who want to eat with maximum benefits for the body. The greens of the plant can also be added to animal feed. This will have a beneficial effect on their health and well-being.


Watch the video: An Introduction To Plant Breeding (July 2022).


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