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I have just planted kiwi plants how many years does it take to bear fruit? Thanks
the Kiwis produce fruit on the branches produced in the previous year; in general the specimens that are sold in the nursery, which are around 2-3 years old, will already produce fruit in the following year, provided that the plant is pruned correctly.
At the end of winter the branches produced the previous year are shortened, leaving only 4-5 buds, and the oldest branches are removed, and those that have borne fruit the year before, more or less the same as with the vine, leaving however a greater number of lateral branches, and less vigorously shortening the branches that will bear fruit.
As we have all learned, kiwis are dioecious plants, that is, male flowers and female flowers are carried by different plants; in order to have fruits it is therefore important to have about 4-5 female plants (which will bear the fruit) and at least one male plant, which fertilizes the flowers of the female plants. Clear that the male plant should be grown and cared for like female plants, because if it were to bring few flowers, or even not to bloom, the fruiting would be entrusted to the hope that some of our neighbors will have male kiwis.
Kiwifruit are resistant and fruit-bearing plants, but in the first years of life, after being planted, they show some typical traits of delicate plants: they do not like sudden or too intense or prolonged frosts, they do not like a strong environmental humidity during the cold months , need at least a few weeks of cold to bloom. Most of these undesirable characteristics diminish over the years, until they disappear for adult plants, which have been at home for at least 5-6 years. However, in some areas of Italy, a winter that is too hot, or excessively wet or windy, precludes any possibility of flowering, and therefore of fruiting.
In addition to this, in order to have a good flowering and fruiting, the plant must be able to store enough energy to be able to spend on flowers and fruits; to do this, it must be cultivated properly.
It is therefore essential to fertilize and water the plants correctly, even during the rest of the year, not just in the spring.
So in autumn and late winter, remember to fertilize your plants; you can use mature manure, to be buried with a hoe at the foot of the stem, or with granular release fertilizer, which simply spreads over the ground.